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El Verbo “ GUSTAR ”

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El Verbo “ GUSTAR ”. En español gustar significa “ to be pleasing ” In English, we translate it to mean“to like”. Por ejemplo:. In English translate “me gusta español to mean: “I like Spanish.” En español decimos: “To me, Spanish is pleasing.”.

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slide1

El Verbo “GUSTAR”

  • En español gustar significa “to be pleasing”
  • In English, we translate it to mean“to like”
slide2

Por ejemplo:

  • In English translate “me gusta español to mean:
          • “I like Spanish.”
  • En español decimos: “To me, Spanish
          • is pleasing.”
slide3

I like the beach.

  • In English:
  • “I” is the subject
  • “like” is the verb
  • “the beach” is the direct object
  • En español:
  • “the beach” is the subject
  • “to please” is the verb
  • “me” is the indirect object
slide4

En Español…:

The word order is actually “backwards”:

  • The indirect object comes first: Me
  • Then the verb: gusta
  • Finally the subject of the verb: la playa.
  • ¡OJO!
  • Make it negative by adding “no” at the beginning.
  • Por ejemplo: (A mí) NO me gusta la playa
slide5

nos - nosotros

os - vosotros

les – ellos/ellas/Uds.

me - yo

te - tú

le – él/ella/ Ud.

To discuss WHO is doing the “liking”?

Indirect Object Pronouns:

slide6

Gusta vs. Gustan

“Gusta” = singular nouns = infinitives

slide7

Gusta vs. Gustan

“Gustan” = plural nouns or more than one singular nouns

slide8

Frases de clarificación:

He likes to swim.

She likes to swim.

You like to swim.

“Le gusta nadar.”

They like the beach.

You guys like the beach.

“Les gusta la playa.”

slide9

Frases de clarificación:

A mí me

A ti te

A él le

A ella le

A Ud. le

A Lola le

A mi madre le

A mi hermano le

A nosotros nos

A vosotros os

A ellos les

A ellas les

A Uds. les

A Roberto y a Luis les

A Lola y a Carmen les

A mis amigos les

+ gusta / gustan

+ gusta /

gustan

slide10

Me gusta… / Me gustan…

Tegusta… / Tegustan…

Le gusta… / Le gustan…

Nosgusta… / Nosgustan…

Osgusta… / Osgustan…

Les gusta… / Les gustan…

I like…

You like…

He / she / You like(s)…

We like…

You guys like…

They / you like…

=

slide11

¿Cómo se dice?

“I like coffee.”

Me

gusta

el café.

“Coffee is pleasing to me.”

slide12

¿Cómo se dice?

“You like cars.”

Te

gustan

los coches.

“Cars are pleasing to you.”

slide13

¿Cómo se dice?

“He doesn’t like to dance.”

No le

gusta

bailar.

“To dance is not pleasing to him.”

slide14

¿Cómo se dice?

“We like our teachers.”

nuestros profesores.

Nos

gustan

“Our teachers are pleasing to us.”

slide15

¿Cómo se dice?

“You (guys) don’t like to go to the movies.”

No os

gusta

ir al cine.

“To go to the movies is not pleasing to you (guys).”

slide16

¿Cómo se dice?

“They like history and spanish.”

la historia y el español.

Les

gustan

“History and Spanish are pleasing to them.”

slide17

¿Cómo se dice en español?

I like to study.

Elena likes to watch television.

We don’t like to do homework.

Carlos and Miguel like cars.

Do you guys (informal) like to look at photos?

You like to go shopping, right?

Me gusta estudiar.

(A Elena) le gusta ver la televisión.

No nos gusta hacer la tarea.

(A Carlos y a Miguel) les gustan los coches.

¿Os gusta mirar fotos?

Te gusta ir de compras, ¿verdad?

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