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走向标准化 - 初探 课程细目的 研发. 克拉玛依市第一中学 胡建喜. 分享交流的主要内容. 1. 为什么 编制 课程 细目. 2. 怎么样编制课程细目. 课程 细目是什么样的. 3. 反思与后期工作方向. 4. 思考一:学科教学的元认知. 教师和学生都清楚自己在做什么吗? 1 、教 什么和学 什么应该是学科教学的基础。 2 、从某种程度上讲,“教什么”决定了应该怎么教并且还影响着教与学的结果。 3 、从教学的有效性而言,教什么比怎么教更重要。. 思考一:学科教学的元认知. 教师要对自己所教的内容有自觉意识: 目标清晰化 内容集中化.

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走向标准化 -初探课程细目的研发

克拉玛依市第一中学 胡建喜

slide2

分享交流的主要内容

1

为什么编制课程细目

2

怎么样编制课程细目

课程细目是什么样的

3

反思与后期工作方向

4

slide3
思考一:学科教学的元认知
  • 教师和学生都清楚自己在做什么吗?

1、教什么和学什么应该是学科教学的基础。

2、从某种程度上讲,“教什么”决定了应该怎么教并且还影响着教与学的结果。

3、从教学的有效性而言,教什么比怎么教更重要。

slide4
思考一:学科教学的元认知
  • 教师要对自己所教的内容有自觉意识:
  • 目标清晰化
  • 内容集中化
slide5
思考二:课程的基本链与目前存在问题
  • 课程目标——课程标准——课程内容研发——课程实施——课程评价

问题:课程标准不清晰

问题:课程实施不可控

课程评价不科学

slide6
课程实施的标准化产生课程标准

形成《学校课程标准细目》

完善课程评价标准

完善课程标准,使之清晰化、可操作

课程实施环节,制定实施细化的教学目标、教学方案等

完善课程评价与诊断体系

终结性评价更有针对性

研发形成性诊断工具(前测、后测)

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编制课程细目之目的
  • 以往对课标的解读
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编制课程细目之目的

两种课程细目的比较
  • 提供了达成目标的方式与途径。
  • 简单罗列教材标题,对教学内容的解读几乎是一片空白。
  • 知识点、教学目标、掌握程度均不明确。
  • 通过什么方式与途径达成目标不具有可操作性。
  • 对课程标准相对精细的解读。
  • 对各级目标有清晰定位,能力层级要求明确。
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编制课程细目之目的

推动教学的科学性、规范性、安全性
  • 教师的教
  • 细化教学目标
  • 优化教学过程
  • 强化反馈矫正
  • 学生的学
  • 学习规划
  • 目标导学
  • 自学指南
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编制细目的思路与流程
  • 明确两个问题:

我们要到哪里去? 知识与能力

我们怎样到达那里? 方法与途径

解决的方法:头脑风暴

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编制细目的思路与流程
  • 明确课程标准
  • 分解知识点
slide15
编制细目的思路与流程
  • 选择教与学的路径和方式
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编制细目的思路与流程
  • 准确定位能力要求:
  • 能力层级定位的基本思路:明确行为动词

识记:是什么?(低) 理解:为什么?(中) 运用:怎么办(高)

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(初稿)利于教

课程细目的呈现方式

归纳法:从个别到一般

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课程细目的呈现方式

  • (定稿)便于学

演绎法:从一般到个别

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精细的

教学目标

  • 完备的

评价信

可选择的

教学方案

课程标

准细目

个别化的

辅导工具

有效的教学

诊断工具

课程标准细目研制模型
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研发与使用的课程资源

  • 初见成效的内容
  • 精细的教学目标(较为明确,但经验色彩较浓)
  • 可选的教学方案(初步具备,但不详尽)
  • 教学诊断工具(较完整,但需要结合这情进行调整)
  • 个别化辅导工具(空缺)
  • 完备的评价信息(具备评价方案和标准,但要在实践中调整)
slide21

研发与使用的形成性诊断工具

  • 初步具备的诊断资源
slide22

研发与使用的形成性诊断工具

  • 诊断资源一(前测:张峰提供)
slide23

研发与使用的形成性诊断工具

  • 诊断资源二(课后诊断:冯锋提供)

研发与使用的课程资源

slide24

研发与使用的形成性诊断工具

  • 诊断资源三(单元诊断:胡建喜提供)
slide26
我们的努力方向
  • 目标:完善的学校课程体系
  • 意义:科学的、安全的、不断建构的教与学

合规律

有标准

不完全依赖经验

人人参与、资源累积、互动改进(数字化平台)

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我们的收获

  • 把我们的教学经验固化成为教学与教研的成果。
  • 帮助我们的教学从经验式走向标准化。
  • 聚合教师的智慧,用学术的力量引领教育教学。
  • 在教学中做研究,借助研究提升教学。
slide28
反思与后期工作方向
  • 从“痛”中来,缓解了“痛”,依然有 “痛”
slide29
思考三:课程标准化的追问

1.应该是个什么样子?

2.我们通过什么样的路径达到那个样子?

3.我们是否到了那个样子?

slide30
我们的纠结
  • 经验 标准
  • 感性(人文素养) 量化

(人文学科的特点)

slide31
我们一直在努力
  • 有标准:课程标准、考试说明、学考说明

(需要解读,一直在解读)

  • 经验:(个性化,差异化)

(标准化、细化、可量化、透明化)

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