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Poverty in Perspective Matt Barnes Research Director [email protected] Rationale. Renewed impetus to understand poverty from a multidimensional perspective Living on low income is about more than simply having insufficient money

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Poverty in perspective matt barnes research director matt barnes@natcen ac uk

Poverty in Perspective

Matt Barnes

Research Director

[email protected]


Rationale
Rationale

  • Renewed impetus to understand poverty from a multidimensional perspective

  • Living on low income is about more than simply having insufficient money

  • Many poor households face multiple & different sets of problems

  • Analysis to understand and visualise the lived experience of poverty

2


Overview of methodology
Overview of methodology

Demos polling - stakeholder engagement - academic literature

Selecting poverty indicators

Secondary analysis of Understanding Society dataset

Creating poverty types

Qualitative interviews with families

Verifying poverty experiences

Developing a toolkit to guide policy makers and practitioners

Solutions for each poverty type

Testing the analysis at local level

Replication with local data

4


Analysis of understanding society w1
Analysis of Understanding Society W1

Twenty indicators applied to households with income below 70% of the median

  • Indicators across range of domains:

  • Finances

  • Material deprivation

  • Work and education

  • Housing

  • Health and well-being

  • Social networks

  • Local area

5


Creating poverty types
Creating poverty types

Poverty types formed by the combinations of indicators that clustered most frequently for low-income households

Type 1

Type 3

Higher incomes

Low income

Type 2

6


5 child poverty types
5 child poverty types

  • Above 70% median income

  • Grafters

  • Full house families

  • Pressured parents

72%

  • Vulnerable mothers

72%

  • Managing mothers

7


Describing the child poverty types
Describing the child poverty types

Grafters

Likely to be in low paid work or recently made unemployed due to recession. Owner occupiers.

Full-house families

Tend to be very large households, containing multiple adults and young children.

Managing mothers

Again consisting of single parent families, they tend to be slightly older mums with older children. Most feel they are ‘getting by’.

Pressured

parents

Living predominantly in rented properties, are extremely deprived in terms of lifestyle as well as material measures.

Vulnerable mothers

Consisting of single parents families and, most usually, young single mothers, they are the most deprived group.

8


Vulnerable mothers
‘Vulnerable mothers’

  • Consisting of single parents families and, most usually, young single mothers, they are the most deprived group

  • Material deprivation

  • No private transport

  • Workless

  • Deprived neighbourhood

  • Young mothers

  • With young children

  • Social renters

9


Managing mothers
‘Managing mothers’

  • Again consisting of single parent families, they tend to be slightly older mums with older children. Most feel they are ‘getting by’

  • Some with mental health problems

  • Some working part-time

  • School-aged children

  • Private renters

  • Aged 30s-40s

10


Implications from the research
Implications from the research

Provides rich source of data about income-poor households with different ‘experiences’ of poverty

Prevents people from viewing people in poverty as a homogenous low-income group

Raises awareness of, and tackles misconceptions about, people in poverty

Helps guide policy makers and practitioners to target particular groups with potentially holistic and multi-agency solutions

Not a new ‘measure’ of poverty…

11


Distinctions for the consultation
Distinctions for the consultation

Child development

Poverty outcomes

Later scarring effects

Use: Show consequences of poverty

Aspirations

Bad housing

Debt

Well-being

Characteristics of Poverty

Disadvantages that can

occur alongside poverty

Use: Illustrate lived experience

Poverty

Lacking access to necessary material resources

Use: Monitor progress

Low income

Deprivation

Worklessness

Drivers of Poverty

Directly (indirectly)

lead to poverty

Use: Identify key causes/solutions

Underemployment

Labour market

Benefit system

etc

Low wages

Low skills

Poor health

13



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