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MULTICRITERIA DECISION WITHIN THE CSR (CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY) STRATEGY OF MACHINE INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES. Ing. Katarína Dr ienik ová Prof. Ing. Peter Sakál, CSc.

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Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

MULTICRITERIA DECISION WITHIN THE CSR (CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY) STRATEGY OF MACHINE INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES

Ing. Katarína Drieniková

Prof. Ing. Peter Sakál, CSc.

Moscow 2012


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

This article was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. LPP-0384-09: “Koncept HCS modelu 3E vs. koncept Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).”

The paper is also a part of submitted KEGA project No. 037STU-4/2012 “Implementation of the subject “Corporate Social Responsibility Entrepreneurship” into the study programme Industrial management in the second degree at MTF STU Trnava

www.scss.sk


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

„If companies believe they are in business to serve people, to help solve problems, to use and employ the ingenuity of their workers to improve the lives of people around them by learning from the nature that gives us life, we have a chance.“

Paul Hawken


Content

Theory 1 Multicriteria aspect in decision-making process -AHP method2 Concept of Corporate social responsibility (CSR)3 Stakeholders4 Pilot questionnaireII. Project of the thesis1 The main goal of the thesis2 Partial goals of the thesis 3 Working hypotheses 4 Structure of the thesis

Content


Theory

Theory


1 1 multicriteria aspect in decision making process analytic hierarchy process ahp

1.1 Multicriteria aspect in decision-making process Analytic hierarchy process (AHP)

To find an optimal solution of the problem that sets to more than one defined criteria is the working out of the multicriteria decision task.

Analytic Hierarchy Process is the method that simplify and accelerate all process of decision making within complicated situations.

It´s the method of decomposition of complicate unstructured situation to elementary components, that creates the hierarchy system. Through subjective evaluation in pairwise comparison, numerical values are given to individual components, which presents their relative importance.


1 1 analytick hierarchick proces ahp

1.1 Analytický hierarchický proces (AHP)

  • Thomas. L. Saaty(60th-70th of 20thcentury)

  • Expert Choice


1 2 the concept of corporate social responsibility

1.2 The Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility

„Corporate social responsibility is a concept wherebycompanies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operationsand in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis “1.

1Green Paper. Promoting a European Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility. 2001


1 2 the concept of corporate social responsibility1

1.2 The Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility

CSR by ISO 26 000 (2010)2

Zodpovednosť organizácie za vplyvy jej rozhodnutí a aktivít

na spoločnosť a životné prostredie na základe transparentného a

etického správania, ktoré:

  • prispieva k UR vrátane zdravia a blahobytu v spoločnosti,

  • zohľadňuje očakávania zúčastnených subjektov,

  • je v súlade s príslušnou legislatívou a medzinárodnými normami v oblasti správania,

  • je integrované do celej organizácie a uplatňované v jej vzťahoch.

    Kritika ISO 26 000 - ani v jednej svojej časti nerieši otázku

    obohacovania sa nadnárodných spoločností na úkor

    chudobnejších spoločenských vrstiev, resp. svojich zamestnancov.

2STN ISO 26000. Usmernenie k spoločenskej zodpovednosti. Bratislava: SÚTN. 2011, 120 s.


1 3 stakeholders

1.3 Stakeholders

any group or individual who can affect or is affected by

the achievement of the organization objectives

(Freeman, 1984)

Those groups without whose support the

organization would cease to exist

(Stanford Research Institute, 1963)

Any individual, group of individuals or an organization which can affect or be affected by company activities


1 3 stakeholders stakeholders engagement to csr activities

1.3 Stakeholders Stakeholders engagement to CSR activities


1 4 pilot questionnaire

1.4 Pilot questionnaire

  • In nearly 65% of companies the topic of CSR is discussed and nearly 90% of companies solves the problems of local community also.

  • Companies which strategy is based on SD/CSR say it's because of enhanced brand image and reputation, enhanced relations with employees and local community, effort to sustainable development.

  • Companies don't use any software in strategic decision making processes, the major decision criteria are following: quality, price, time, region, legislative, flexibility, level of risk, market opportunities, ...

  • At least one third of asked companies use multicriteria optimization methods, they use mainly the method of pairwise comparison, method of decision-making matrix and proportionately index method.


1 4 pilot questionnaire1

1.4 Pilot questionnaire

  • More than one half of respondents stated they identify and classify stakeholders (mainly shareholders, employees, customers, competitors and managers).

  • Only 5 companies have also defined stakeholders goals.

  • Only 36% respondents stated that the importance of interests of various stakeholders isn't the same, the most important interests due to the business activities have shareholders, managers, customers, state and its institutions and competitors.

  • Only shareholders and managers are engaged to decision making.

  • Only 10 companies agree with the statement that stakeholders representative would be glad to be engaged to strategic decision making .


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

  • Project of the thesis


2 1 the main goal of the thesis

2.1 The main goal of the thesis

The main of my thesis on the basis of theoretical analysis and analysis and mapping of decision making processes in industrial companies to


2 2 partial goals of the thesis

2.2 Partial goals of the thesis

  • On the basis of studying literature and other resources is to analyze theoretical outputs and to make complex survey of the following topics: stakeholders concept, concept of corporate social responsibility, multicriteria decision making specifically AHP method.

  • To analyze current state of CSR concept, multicriteria decision methods usage (AHP method) through the research in Slovak (Czech) industrial companies.


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

2.2 Partial goals of the thesis

  • To suggest decision criteria of key stakeholders for the need of the AHP method in context with CSR strategy.

  • To suggest usage of software Expert Choice in decision making process in a company.

  • To evaluate and to verify outputs in selected companies.


2 3 working hypotheses

2.3 Working hypotheses

  • Majority of the companies by implementing CSR principles want to help to SD.

  • Companies don't perceive stakeholders as the part of the concept of corporate social responsibility.

  • Majority of Slovak industrial companies identify stakeholders but don't engage them to decision making.

  • Majority of industrial companies believe the interests of individual stakeholders are equally important to company.


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

2.3 Working hypotheses

  • Companies that don't have effective communication with stakeholders can't engage representatives of keystakeholders to strategic decision making in effective way.

  • Companies that don't engage representatives of stakeholders to strategic decision making are not helpful in sustainable development.

  • Majority of Slovak industrial companies perceive their competitors as an important stakeholder.


2 4 structure of the thesis

2.4 Structure of the thesis

1. chapter

The main goal, partial goals, working hypotheses of the thesis.

2. chapter

Methods used in the thesis.


2 4 methods used in the thesis

2.4 Methods used in the thesis

  • system approach

  • process approach

  • analysis and synthesis

  • comparisons

  • inductionand deduction

  • AHP method

  • graphical methods

  • creative thinking methods

  • statistics

  • questionnaire


Ing katar na dr ienik ov prof ing peter sak l csc

2.4 Structure of the thesis

3. chapter

Analysis of the theory related to the topic of stakeholders in response to CSR and multicriteria decision.

4. chapter

Analysisofcurrent state ofthestakeoldersconcept in conditionsofSlovakaindustrialcomapanies.

Jadrom tejto kapitoly budú výsledky získané prostredníctvom dotazníkového prieskumu v slovenských priemyselných podnikoch, zároveň budú podporené aj výsledkami získanými na základe nepriameho výskumu prostredníctvom dostupných informačných zdrojov. Zároveň v rámci tejto kapitoly potvrdím alebo vyvrátim stanovené pracovné hypotézy.


2 4 t zy a trukt ra ddp

2.4 Tézy a štruktúra DDP

5. kapitola

Návrh kritérií rozhodovania kľúčových stakeholderov pre potrebu metódy AHP v kontexte so SZP a návrh využitia softvéru Expert Choice v stratégii SZP priemyselných podnikov

6. kapitola

Daná kapitola bude zameraná na zosumarizovanie výstupov DDP vzhľadom k stanoveným cieľom a na zhodnotenie prínosov tejto práce nielen z teoretického, ale i praktického hľadiska.


Thank you for your attention katarina drienikova@stuba sk

Thank You for Your [email protected]

Student publlications

: http://publview.stuba.sk/view_publ.php?dv=1&kd=-2&roh=-1&a=80764&nz_typ=4


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