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TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai TSW 6 summarize the achievements of Askia Mohammed. Mali & Songhai Empires. In 1076 the Almoravids attacked Ghana weaking the trade routes that went through them. Mali Empire. In 1240 Mali formed on the southern area of Ghana.

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Mali & Songhai Empires

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TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai

TSW 6 summarize the achievements of Askia Mohammed

Mali & Songhai Empires


In 1076 the Almoravids attacked Ghana weaking the trade routes that went through them

Mali Empire

In 1240 Mali formed on the southern area of Ghana

The Malinkepeople ruled the area and were ruled by Sundiata

Sundiata formed a powerful army and captured the capital of Ghana

Once they reestablished trade routes and expanded the empire

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


Sundiata made the city of Timbuktu the center of trade and culture

Mali Empire

Timbuktu was where the desert and savannah met along the Niger River

As Islam spread Timbuktu started to become the center for Islamic studies

Sundiata supported the development of food crops, cotton farming and cotton weaving

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


Once Sundiata died the leaders continued to expand the most popular one was Mansa Musa

Mansa Musa

Mansa Musa was a devoted Muslim but he let his people practice their own religions

In 1324 Mansa Musa started his pilgrimage to Mecca

On his pilgrimage he brought tons of slaves, camels and pounds of gold

Mansa Musa rode on horse back and his entourage had gold and silk

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


Those who saw the pilgrimage caravan were impressed

Mansa Musa

They wanted to trade more with the Mali empire

More trade led to an increase in wealth

Mansa Musa also brought important Muslims back with him

They built a mosque in Timbuktu and scholars taught history, theology, and law in the city

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


When Mansa Musa died in 1332 people fought over who should take over

Mali’s Decline

This internal fighting weakened the empire

Eventually Timbuktu was attacked and conquered

The neighboring Songhai people gradually gained control due to the internal fighting

The Songhai took over Gaoand Timbuktu greatly weakening their empire in

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


In the north the Berbers conquered much of Mali’s territory

Mali’s Decline

The Berbers eventually captured Timbuktu in 1433

By 1500 rebels and invaders had taken over most of Mali’s

Mali was no longer a strong empire

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


1365 Songhai took over Gao but were unsuccessful in creating an empire

Songhai Empire

In 1468 Muslim leaders in Timbuktu asked the Songhai king Sunni Ali to overthrow the Berbers

Sunni Ali drove out the Berbers and killed lots of people

Sunni Ali had the reputation of being a powerful and harsh ruler

Sunni Ali went on to conquer neighboring lands and was powerful until he died in 1492

TSW 5 compare the empires of Mali and Songhai


After Sunni Ali’s death his son was named successor

AskiaMuhammed wanted the throne and fought to take it from Sunni Ali’s son

AskiaMuhammed

When AskiaMuhammed succeeded he took over control of the salt mines

Having this control caused the empire to expand even more

Expansion caused Askia to organized the government

TSW 6 summarize the achievements of Askia Mohammed


He started organization by dividing the land into provinces

Then he put a governor in charge of each province

AskiaMuhammed

Askia also appointed people as director of finance, agriculture, army and navy

He also set up a highly organized tax system

Islam spread throughout the empire but in rural areas they still blended Islam with traditional beliefs

TSW 6 summarize the achievements of Askia Mohammed


Askia’s son removed him from the throne

The rulers after him were weak and in 1580’s Morocco raided the salt mines

Songhai’s Decline

Finally in 1591 Morocco captured Timbuktu and Gao

Shortly after their capture the Songhai empire collapsed

During this time most West Africans were still living in kinship groups and life continued as before

TSW 6 summarize the achievements of Askia Mohammed


Slide 1

http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1133&bih=683&tbm=isch&tbnid=1xzHFGUGCGl8ZM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_Peninsula&docid=r2h6Vxz_5vQuNM&itg=1&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Two-point-equidistant-asia.jpg/220px-Two-point-equidistant-asia.jpg&w=220&h=164&ei=Ijh9UN3MIpHFtAax-oCoCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=422&vpy=227&dur=197&hovh=131&hovw=176&tx=93&ty=42&sig=106333270686473920052&page=1&tbnh=131&tbnw=176&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:127

Slide 2

http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1133&bih=683&tbm=isch&tbnid=8uYiwAB4K-z6sM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_Peninsula&docid=r2h6Vxz_5vQuNM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/86/Arabian_Peninsula_dust_SeaWiFS-2.jpg/220px-Arabian_Peninsula_dust_SeaWiFS-2.jpg&w=220&h=201&ei=Ijh9UN3MIpHFtAax-oCoCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=194&vpy=205&dur=370&hovh=160&hovw=176&tx=110&ty=79&sig=106333270686473920052&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=169&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:124

http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1133&bih=683&tbm=isch&tbnid=Ky258vYTgm3noM:&imgrefurl=http://www.osu.edu/researchnews/archive/sametalpics.htm&docid=d5jDrDD4v_E6PM&imgurl=http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/Location.jpg&w=699&h=678&ei=Ijh9UN3MIpHFtAax-oCoCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=470&vpy=277&dur=1097&hovh=221&hovw=228&tx=126&ty=121&sig=106333270686473920052&page=2&tbnh=137&tbnw=141&start=15&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:20,i:194

Slide 3

http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1133&bih=683&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=2dutSLeUABfCEM:&imgrefurl=http://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-images-umm-al-ma-lake-desert-oasis-sahara,-libya-image18654159&docid=OECohCOFDOm-qM&imgurl=http://www.dreamstime.com/umm-al-ma-lake-desert-oasis-sahara-libya-thumb18654159.jpg&w=400&h=225&ei=P0N9UNKkO4_dsgaU0IHIDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=495&vpy=380&dur=41&hovh=168&hovw=300&tx=172&ty=112&sig=106333270686473920052&page=4&tbnh=142&tbnw=249&start=64&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:46,s:20,i:339

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