MILITARY LIFESTYLE and TRANSITION CHALLENGES. Josh Bode, LCSW Social Worker Substance Use Disorder Program Boise Veterans Administration Medical Center Created by: Nikole Gaskell, MSW Student. Military History.
Josh Bode, LCSW
Substance Use Disorder Program
Boise Veterans Administration
Created by: Nikole Gaskell, MSW Student
"The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries. During the course of those years, the United States has evolved from a new nation fighting the British Empire for independence (without a professional military 1775–1783), through a monumental American Civil War (1861–65) to the world's sole remaining superpower of the late 20th and early 21st centuries"
Wikipedia (Dec 2010)
Since Sept 11, 2001:
Fiscal year 2010:
Dulaney, M., Illingsworth, M. & Savitsky, L. , (2009)
Sections 401 & 411 of 2010 Defense Authorization Act
DuLaney et.al (2009)
"Military life is characterized by mobility and an emphasis on mission readiness.“
(DuLaney et.al, 2009)
For Service members:
For Service members:
For military families:
(DuLaney et al, 2009)
“Deployment describes a service member’s time spent away from his or her home base in support of a military operation and involves three phases each with its own unique set of stressors for the service member and his/her family.”
(DuLaney et al., 2009)
There are challenges for ALL service members when transitioning back to civilian life whether they served in a combat zone or not.
Battlemind skills helped them survive in combat, but may cause problems if not adapted when they get home.
Buddies (cohesion) vs. Withdrawal
Accountability vs. Controlling
Targeted Aggression vs. Inappropriate Aggression
Tactical Awareness vs. Hypervigilance
Lethally Armed vs. “Locked and Loaded” at Home
Emotional Control vs. Anger/Detachment
Mission Operational Security (OPSEC) vs. Secretiveness
Individual Responsibility vs. Guilt
Non-Defensive (combat) Driving vs. Aggressive Driving
Discipline and Ordering vs. Conflict
ALCOHOL TRANSITION- Alcohol may be limited, but back home it is plentiful. Many service members use it as a way to cope and relax which can lead to further problems.
Many service members and veterans don’t seek treatment, particularly for invisible injuries, because of:
This can lead to substance abuse, suicide, violence and family problems.
Active Army Installation
Army National Guard Family Assistance Center
Army Reserve Family Programs Office
Joint Forces Headquarters
Survivor Outreach Services
Lifestyle in the military is very different from that of civilians.
There are numerous challenges for veterans who are discharging from the military whether they have seen combat or not.
A positive relationship between military, veteran and civilian services is crucial. Memorandums of Understanding (MOU’s) are helpful.