Syl l ogis tic reasoning
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SYL L OGIS TIC REASONING. PART 1 Aristotle’s ‘BARBARA’ formula. How to answer better any question. ‘ w h y ’. In 4 easy steps …. St ep 1 Turn the question into a conclusion. Why S is P ? Skip 2 lines and write…. --------------- --------------- Thus, S is P.

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Syl l ogis tic reasoning

SYLLOGISTICREASONING

PART 1

Aristotle’s ‘BARBARA’ formula


How to answer better any question
How to answer betterany question

‘why’

In 4 easysteps …


St ep 1 turn the question into a conclusion
Step1Turn the question into a conclusion

Why S is P?

Skip 2 lines and write…

---------------

---------------

Thus, Sis P


St ep 2 identify subject predicate
Step2Identify subject & predicate

---------------

---------------

Thus,S is P

PREDICATE

SUBJECT


St ep 3 apply the barbara syllogism formula
Step3Apply the ‘Barbara’ syllogism formula

If ?is P

Major Premise:

Minor Premise:

And if S is ?

Thus,S is P


St ep 4 find the middle term
Step4Find the Middle term…

If M is P

And if S is M

Thus,S is P


The missing puzzle piece

Why?

Theology…

…is hard

P

S

God


In syllogistic form
In syllogisticform…

Whyis Theologyhard to understand ?

If Godis hard to understand

And if Theologyis about God

Thus,Theology is hard to understand


The missing link

Why?

P

S

Love…

God

…is sacred

Because whatever is of God is sacred, and since love isthe very substance of God, thus, loveitself is to be regarded as sacred.


Some practice
Some practice…

Whyis Catholic morality objective?

Step1

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thus,Catholic morality is objective


Step2

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thus,Catholic morality is objective

S

P


Step3

If ---------------- is objective

And if Catholic morality is ----------------

Thus,Catholic morality is objective


Step4

If a universal law is objective

And if Catholic morality teaches universal laws

Thus,Catholic morality is objective


More practice
More practice

Whydoes happiness require God?

Step1

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thus,happiness requires God


Step2

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thus,happiness requires God

S

P


Step3

If ----------------requires God

And if happiness ----------------

Thus,happiness requires God


Step4

If absoluteperfection requires God

And if happiness is an absoluteperfection

Thus,happiness requires God


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