King John Of England. December 24 1166 – October 19 1216 Becomes King April 6, 1199 Crowned On May 27, 1199. By: Laura Gosse. Time Line Of Events. Time Line Of Events Cont. Time Line Of Events Cont. Map Of John’s Early Kingdom.
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King John Of England
December 24 1166 – October 19 1216
Becomes King April 6, 1199
Crowned On May 27, 1199
By: Laura Gosse
After the death of King Richard, John took the throne of England. With this title came the lands of England and the French lands of Normandy, Anjou, Brittany, Poitou and Aquitaine.
~The Battle Of The Bouvines~
This was the fight between England and France in 1214. King John was defeated and had to accept a peace with France.
~The Magna Carta~
This was the document that King John was forced to sign by the English Barons in order to grant them more feudal liberties.
This was the castle that Prince Louis of France laid siege to in 1216. He failed in gaining it under his power.
This is where King John was buried when he died on October 19, 1216
John was the favorite son of his father’s (King Henry II) but as the youngest child, John could expect no inheritance. After their father’s death, John’s brother Richard (known as Richard the Lionheart) inherited the throne of England. John gained some Irish land from Richard but the people of Ireland despised him. Over the years John became known as a cheat and a liar. While Richard was overseas fighting in the 3rd Crusade, John came to England and tried to take the English crown by force by trying to overthrow the Bishop of Ely, William Longchamp. When Richard returned home to England, he forgave John. Finally in 1199, Richard the Lionheart dies and since he left no heirs, John inherited the throne. He marries Isabelle of Angouleme and has 5 children with her (Henry III, Richard Earl of Cornwall, Joan of England, Isabella of England, and Eleanor of England). In 1207, King John had a falling out with Pope Innocent III over who should be elected as the Archbishop of Canterbury. John and all of England were excommunicated. In 1213, John goes back to the Pope and begs forgiveness of himself and of his country. The Pope forgives him and accepts England back into the Christian Church. In 1214 English barons rebelled and forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. In 1216, Prince Louis of France invades England and King John becomes very ill. The barons turn against Prince Louis, and King John dies. He was succeeded by his son Henry III.