King john of england
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King John Of England. December 24 1166 – October 19 1216 Becomes King April 6, 1199 Crowned On May 27, 1199. By: Laura Gosse. Time Line Of Events. Time Line Of Events Cont. Time Line Of Events Cont. Map Of John’s Early Kingdom.

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King John Of England

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King john of england

King John Of England

December 24 1166 – October 19 1216

Becomes King April 6, 1199

Crowned On May 27, 1199

By: Laura Gosse


Time line of events

Time Line Of Events


Time line of events cont

Time Line Of Events Cont.


Time line of events cont1

Time Line Of Events Cont.


Map of john s early kingdom

Map Of John’s Early Kingdom

After the death of King Richard, John took the throne of England. With this title came the lands of England and the French lands of Normandy, Anjou, Brittany, Poitou and Aquitaine.


Maps places documents of interest

Maps, Places & Documents Of Interest

~The Battle Of The Bouvines~

This was the fight between England and France in 1214. King John was defeated and had to accept a peace with France.

~The Magna Carta~

This was the document that King John was forced to sign by the English Barons in order to grant them more feudal liberties.

~Dover Castle~

This was the castle that Prince Louis of France laid siege to in 1216. He failed in gaining it under his power.

~Worcester Cathedral~

This is where King John was buried when he died on October 19, 1216


Periodization

Periodization

  • Life of all classes was dominated by the feudal system and also by the Catholic Church.

  • The church became the universal and unifying institution.

  • Guilds helped to stress the collective identity of people, they disapproved unregulated competition, and minimized profit motive.

  • Popes worked for a centralized church, which was achieved under Pope Innocent III.

  • The crusades became very important for religious and military purposes. It gave you status to go fight for God and Country against the Arabs. The crusaders brought back scholars and literature that was previously unknown to them (Arab and Greek authors)


John of the plantagenet house

John Of The Plantagenet House

John was the favorite son of his father’s (King Henry II) but as the youngest child, John could expect no inheritance. After their father’s death, John’s brother Richard (known as Richard the Lionheart) inherited the throne of England. John gained some Irish land from Richard but the people of Ireland despised him. Over the years John became known as a cheat and a liar. While Richard was overseas fighting in the 3rd Crusade, John came to England and tried to take the English crown by force by trying to overthrow the Bishop of Ely, William Longchamp. When Richard returned home to England, he forgave John. Finally in 1199, Richard the Lionheart dies and since he left no heirs, John inherited the throne. He marries Isabelle of Angouleme and has 5 children with her (Henry III, Richard Earl of Cornwall, Joan of England, Isabella of England, and Eleanor of England). In 1207, King John had a falling out with Pope Innocent III over who should be elected as the Archbishop of Canterbury. John and all of England were excommunicated. In 1213, John goes back to the Pope and begs forgiveness of himself and of his country. The Pope forgives him and accepts England back into the Christian Church. In 1214 English barons rebelled and forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. In 1216, Prince Louis of France invades England and King John becomes very ill. The barons turn against Prince Louis, and King John dies. He was succeeded by his son Henry III.


Legacy

Legacy

  • During his first 5 years on the English throne, John managed to lose his French lands Aquitaine, Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, and Poitou. He forfeited them to King Philip of France. This ended up with England being torn by civil war.

  • In 1213 England became a papal fief to resolve dispute with Pope Innocent III.

  • In 1215, King John’s barons forced him to sign the Magna Carta.

  • King John's legacy is not a very pleasant one. He is said to be one of the worst rulers in English history. It was through his reign that England fell into civil war and was very tumultuous. After John’s death, his son, Henry III, became King and he settled England and ruled peacefully for fifty-six years.


Inventions of the high middle ages

Inventions Of The High Middle Ages

  • The Blast Furnace (12th Century CE): First built in Durstel, Switzerland; Markische Sauerland, Germany; and Lapphyttan, Sweden. Monasteries used these. The leading iron producers of the time were the Cistercians in Champagne, France from the mid-13th century to the 17th century.

  • Liquor (12th Century CE): Freeze distillation, the “Mongolian Still” is known to have been a use in making an alcoholic beverage. It involves freezing the liquor and removing the water crystals.

  • Eyeglasses (13th Century CE): In 1268, Roger Bacon made the earliest record on the use of lenses for optical purposes.


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • Wikipedia, The Free Online Encyclopedia, John Of England: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_England (Accessed on December 15, 2009) [Slide 1]

  • About.com: http://historymedren.about.com/od/jwho/p/who_kingjohn.htm (Accessed on December 16, 2009) [Slides 1-4]

  • Middle Ages: http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/ (Accessed on December 16, 2009) [Slides 2-4]

  • The Story Of Britain: A Peoples History Author: Roy Strong Publisher: Pimlico 1998 Chapter 11: The End Of An Empire; Pages 73-75 (Accessed on December 16, 2009) [Slides 2-5]

  • History Learning Site: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/king_john.htm (Accessed on December 26, 2009) [Slide 8]

  • Listverse: http://listverse.com/2007/09/22/top-10-inventions-of-the-middle-ages/ (Accessed on December 26, 2009) [Slide 10]


Bibliography cont

Bibliography Cont.

  • Wikipedia, The Free Online Encyclopedia, John Of England: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_England (Accessed on December 15, 2009) [Slides 1 & 9]

  • Infoplease: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0859627.html (Accessed on December 29, 2009) [Slide 7]


Photo bibliography

Photo Bibliography

  • M4 Consultants, The People Involved: http://www.m4pips.com/Webdesigns/EDCI583/People.htm (Accessed on December 15, 2009) {Drawing Of King John} [Slide 1]

  • Abbey Of Fontevrault: http://vrcoll.fa.pitt.edu/medart/image/France/fontevrault-new/fontvrlt-general.htm (Accessed on December 15, 2009) {Map Of John’s Early Kingdom} [Slide 5]

  • Eckerd Collage Community: http://home.eckerd.edu/~oberhot/bouvines.htm (Accessed on December 16, 2009) {Map of the Battle of Bouvine} [Slide 6]

  • Word Press: http://cjjj1.wordpress.com/2008/11/24/the-magna-carta-by-jessica-jones/ (Accessed on December 16, 2009) {Image Of The Magna Carta} [Slide 6]

  • Bimmerfest: http://www.bimmerfest.com/forums/showthread.php?p=4171176 (Accessed on December 16, 2009) {Image Of Dover Castle} [Slide 6]

  • Samos UK Ltd: http://www.samosuk.ltd.uk/about_us.aspx (Accessed on December 16, 2009) {Image Of Dover Castle} [Slide 6]


Photo bibliography cont

Photo Bibliography Cont.

  • Historic Sites: http://elore.com/Ireland/Sites/Historic/king_johns.htm (Accessed on December 26, 2009) {Painting Of King John} [Slide 8]

  • Listverse: http://listverse.com/2007/09/22/top-10-inventions-of-the-middle-ages/ (Accessed on December 26, 2009) {Painting Of Man With Eyeglasses} [Slide 10]

  • Wikimedia: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/John_of_England_%28John_Lackland%29.jpg (Accessed on December 29, 2009) {Painting Of King John} [Slide 9]

  • GreenSage: http://www.greensage.com/ezine/09zines/05May09/ezine05-09SacredGeo.html (Accessed on December 29, 2009) {Drawing of the Knights Templar} [Slide 7]


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