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This is English 1. Unit 7-12. 提议 建议. Would you like to do … ? How about /What about doing..? Why don ’ t you ..? -Would you like to come to dinner tonight? -How about /What about taking a taxi? -Why don ’ t you take the tube?. take.

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This is English 1

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This is english 1

This is English 1

Unit 7-12

This is english 1

提议 建议

Would you like to do…?

How about /What about doing..?

Why don’t you ..?

-Would you like to come to dinner tonight?

-How about /What about taking a taxi?

-Why don’t you take the tube?

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How long does it take to get to you house by tube?

It takes about half an hour.

How long does the journey take?

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太 不够

  • too +adj not +adj+enough

    The kitchen is too dark.

    The area is too dirty.

    The flat isn’t quite enough.

    The table is not big enough for two people.

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  • They get up at 10 o’clock.

  • They get on the bus at the station.

  • They get on well together.

  • They get off the bus at the swimming pool.

  • I must get off to work.

  • Sam gets about a lot. 走动,旅行

  • This rainy weather gets me. Down

  • come across, find out, ring up, wait for, get back,

  • look for, put on, put up, work out锻炼身体,work off减肥

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  • 人的外貌与性格

  • What does he look like? 外貌

    He’s tall and he’s got short, brown wavy hair with blue eyes and s short beard.

  • What’s like? 性格

    He’s very nice and kind. He’s quite outgoing and talkative- very friendly.

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  • need 的用法

    need to do

    I need to buy a carton of cream.

    I don’t need to buy any cream.

    She needs to buy oil.

    She doesn’t need to buy oil.

    We need to get some oranges.

    need +名词

    He needs a bottle of wine.

How much how many

How much how many

  • how much +不可数名词

    How much water shall I buy?

    How much rice do we need?

    How much milk…

    How much is it, please?问价格

    How many +可数名词

    How many apples do you want?

    How many lychees are there in a tin?

Some any

some any

  • some 一些 用在肯定句,+可数/不可数名词

    I’d like some water. I need some milk.

  • any 用在否定句和疑问句中、

    Have you got any lychees?

    Do you need any water?

    I don’t want any tea.

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  • What do you think of …n/v+ing.?

  • Do you think ….. n?

    What do you think ofliving in London?

    What do you think ofthe weather here?

    Do you thinkChina is changing a lot?

    Do you think that London is interesting?

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  • 别人的肯定意见或情况与自己一样

    -I am enjoying the long summer evenings.

    So am I.

    -I think the parks are lovely.

    So do I.

    -He has got two brothers.

    So have I.

    也可以简单用me too.

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  • 别人的否定意见或情况与自己一样

    -I don’t think English coffee is good.

    Neither do I.

    -I don’t have tea in the morning.

    Neither do I.

    -I am not going to the shops.

    Neither am I.

    -I haven’t got a car.

    Neither have I.

    也可用Me neither.

Borrow lend

borrow lend

  • 借进 borrow

    He borrows a lot of money from me.

  • 借出 lend

    They sometimes lend their car to their parents.

Prefer to

prefer to

  • prefer(比较喜欢的) to(不太喜欢的)

    I prefer watching TV to reading the paper.

    I prefer Italian food to Spanish food.

    表示喜欢的其他表达:love, like, enjoy,

    be interested in, be good at, be keen on

    I’m interested in visiting other counrties.

    She’s good at speaking French.

    He’s keen on learning languages.

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文化背景 点滴

Unit7 8


  • 1. 在Unit 7中有这样几句话: Can I leave a message? Can I speak to Sally, please? 句子中的Can 是什么意思?

  •   可以把这里的can理解为允许,隐含的意思是:我想做什么事,请你帮助。这种表达方式显得比较委婉,有礼貌,与汉语中的“您”有异曲同工之妙。中文里服务行业一般会对顾客说 “您”需要什么,“您” 要买什么,用“你”就会显得不礼貌,而英语中没有您和你的区别,只有一个YOU,所以它的委婉表达是靠不同的句式来完成的。Can I do sth 就是这种委婉表达的一种。如:Can I have a beef sandwich? Can I have your telephone number? Can I ask you a question?

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  • 这里的第一句Can I have a beef sandwich?我可以要一个牛肉三明治吗?其实就相当于我们说“请给我上一份牛肉三明治”, Can I have your telephone number? 我可以留下您的电话号码吗?也是委婉地提出请求,请告诉我您的电话号码。Can I ask you a question? 我可以问您一个问题吗?表达了说话人“我想问一个问题”这个愿望。

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  • 2. Unit 7中出现了take a taxi 和get a taxi 两种不同的表达方法,意思上有什么区别吗?

  • take a taxi 和get a taxi 都相当于汉语里的“乘坐出租车”,含义上没有什么大的差别。此外,by taxi 这个词组的含义也是乘坐出租车,但由于这是一个介词短语,所以不能独立用作句子的谓语。因此我们可以说Why don’t you go by taxi? 或者 Why don’t you come by taxi?,但是不能说 Why don’t you by taxi?

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  • 3. Unit 7 Extract 1中有一个词组stay the night ,在这个词组中the night在句子中担任什么成分?

  •   因为stay 是个不及物动词,所以这里的the night应看作是句子的时间状语。不过,我认为遇到像这样的词组,你可以把它当成一个固定的词组来记。比如我们这个单元中还学习了下面这几个句子:How long does the train take? 坐火车要花多少时间?How long does the plane take? 坐飞机要花多少时间?How long does the bus take? 坐公共汽车要花多少时间?  像这样的结构我们都可以把它们当成固定的句型去模仿、去记忆。

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  • 4. I don’t’ like smoking in the house. 是说我不喜欢在房子里抽烟,还是说我不喜欢别人在屋子里抽烟?

  •   这个句子的意思确实摸棱两可。这种同一个句子结构表达不同意思的语言现象叫做歧义(ambiguity),英语中有不少这种句子。我们来比较下面这两个句子。I like watching TV in my free time.I don’t like smoking in the house.

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  • 第一句话“我喜欢在业余时间看电视”不会产生歧义,因为watching TV(看电视)的形式主语就是句子的主语“I”。而第二句话则不一样。 I don’t like smoking in the house. 可以理解为自己不喜欢在屋子里抽烟,也可以理解为不喜欢别人在屋子里抽烟。但是从上下文中可以看出来,说这句话的Mary表示的是不喜欢别人在房子里抽烟。其实,动词的-ing形式在做句子的宾语时,其形式主语一般都和句子的主语相同,但这是一般性的规则。遇到类似I don’t like smoking in the house.这样的句子时,就要根据上下文或语境来判断一句话的含义。

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  • 5. 以前学过No Smoking,这种表达方式和You can’t smoke here. 有什么区别吗?

  •   这两种表达方式使用的场合不一样。由no加名词或者动词的-ing形式表达的是不许做什么,禁止做什么,使用的场合主要是标牌、命令等。比如我们平常见到的”禁止停车”的牌子上写的就是No parking。 而You can’t smoke here.中的can’t表示不允许,主要是用于口语中,通常不会用在正式的场合,也不会用在标牌上。

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  • 6. Time是可数名词吗? Have a wonderful time 为什么用单数?

  • Time有好几个意义,指“时间”、“岁月”的时候,一般是不可数名词,但它也可以指“一段时间”,“某段日子”,这时的time既是做为可数名词,也可作为不可数名词。可以把have a wonderful time看作是一个固定词组,意思是过得开心,愉快,这里的 wonderful 还可以用其他形容词替换,如:have a good time 过得愉快,have a bad time过得糟糕, have a difficult time, 过得艰难,have an easy time 过得舒服,等等。

Unit9 10


  • 1. put on 和wear 有什么区别?

  • put on 指的是穿,穿上, 佩戴,戴上这个动作, 动作是瞬间或者较短时间完成的, 而wear 指的是穿着,戴着这个状态,这种状态是持续的。我们看一看下面的句子。

  • Wait a minute. Put on the coat, please. It’s cold outside. 等等!请把外衣穿上。外面很冷。I don’t like wearing the blue coat. 我不喜欢穿那件蓝色的外衣。

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  •  第一句用put on,强调的是穿上大衣这个动作,而第二句中用wear,强调的是穿蓝色外衣这种状态。如果将第二句中的wear改成put on,意思就会变成我不喜欢穿兰色外衣这个动作,听起来就会让人感到费解了。

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  • 2. 在Unit 9 Activity 10中有这么一个句子:I do no exercise. 这句话与I don’t do any exercise. 有什么区别吗?

  • I don’t do any exercise. 和I do no exercise.这两个句子都表示我不参加身体锻炼。 虽然从语法上讲,no= not any,但是I do no exercise. 否定的意味更强,可以理解成我根本不参加什么锻炼,我一点儿都不参加锻炼。

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  • 3. catch a bus, take a bus 都表示乘坐公共汽车吗?

  •   这两个动词都可以表示搭乘公共汽车. 但一般来说,表示搭乘公共汽车或其它交通工具时,更为常用get 或 take 这两个动词,而较少用catch , 因为catch 还有另外一层意思,即be in time for sth,及时赶上做某事,例如:I always catch the last bus home. 我总是赶最后一班公共汽车回家。

Unit 5 6

Unit 5-6

  • 4. Coffee 和tea 都是不可数名词,可是,我怎么记得也有人说a tea, a coffee, two coffees, two teas。

  •   你大概是在餐厅、酒吧里听到有人这么说的。在餐馆点咖啡或茶的时候,也可以说two coffees 或 two teas,意思是two cups of coffee或 two cups of tea,表示两杯咖啡或两杯茶。

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  • 5. 在提出请求的时候,可以说Could you…? 也可以说 Can you…?。 这两种说法有什么区别吗?

  •   意思上没有区别,但是口气上有区别,Could 要比Can显得客气。 就象在中文里,“您”比“你”要客气一样。Can和 will的过去式形式 could 和would在表示请求的时候都显得比较客气。如Would you please…和Will you please…虽然都有 please,已经很客气了,但在语气上Would you please…会比Will you please…显得更加客气。

Unit111 12


  • 1. “你认为这儿的天气怎么样?”在教材中是说 “What do you think of the weather here?”。但是,一般表示“怎么”不是应该说how 吗?为什么这句话不用how 提问?

  • What的意思是“什么”,“What do you think of the weather here?”直译过来意思是“关于这儿的天气,你想的是什么?”,当然,中文里不会这么说,所以翻成中文应是“你觉得这儿的天气怎么样?”。

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  • How是“怎么”的意思,可以用来询问方式,也可以用来询问程度。上面这句话也可以用how 提问,但在词语搭配上就不能用think of 了,而要说“How do you like the weather here?”, 字面意思是“你对这儿的天气,是怎样的一个喜欢程度?是很喜欢,一般,还是不喜欢?”,而按中文习惯还是翻成“你觉得这儿的天气怎么样?”。说法虽然不同,但是How do you like the weather here? 和What do you think of the weather? 的意思是一样的。

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  • 2. Unit 11中小燕和Franco在谈论用电脑写信时,小燕说:But I like using the computer for some things. 我记得还有一个词是something,这和小燕这句话里的some things有什么不同?

  • some things中的things要用复数,意思是“一些事情,一些东西”。而something意思是“某事,某物”,指的是某一个东西,或是某一件事情。例如:I have got something to tell you. 意思是“我有件事要告诉你。”指的是有“某一件事。” 要是说: I have got some things to tell you. 意思是:我有一些事情要告诉你。指的就不是某一件事情了。

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  • 3. lend后一般要跟介词to,即lend sth.(=something) to sb.(=somebody)。 可是练习里有这样的句子I don't usually lend him any money. 这里为什么不用 to 呢?

  •   动词lend 后面要跟两个宾语,一个是借出的东西sth.,一个是要借给的人sb. 。当lend后面紧跟的宾语是sth.时,其后就要用to sb.; 而当lend 后面紧跟的宾语是sb.时, 其后则用lend sb. sth. ,不再需要介词to了。所以你刚才说的句子“I don't usually lend him any money.”并没有错,同时,你也可以把它说成“I don't usually lend any money to him. ”。

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  •  另外,当宾语sth.是以代词形式(it, them)出现时,那么习惯上只能用lend it/them to sb. 例如:Lend it to me. Lend them to him. 如果说成Lend me it.或 Lend him them.的话,听起来就不舒服了。

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  • 4. 课文注释里说“打开电视”是turn the TV on,打开收音机是turn on the radio,这个on到底应该放在哪儿?是放在中间,还是后面?

  •   放在中间和放在后面都可以。但需要注意的是,如果宾语是代词,那么on一般要放在后面。例如:Turn it on. Turn them on.

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  • 5. 祈使句的肯定句是用实意动词开头,而否定形式用Don’t 开头,是不是祈使句一定不能有主语?

  •   祈使句是向对方发出指令的句子,它的主语肯定就是“你”或“你们”,即“you”。所以在祈使句里,就没有必要再说主语了。但是,有时候想加强语气时,也会把you 说上。因此,祈使句不是绝对不能有主语,而是有与没有,语气上显得不太一样。

Session 2

Session 2

  • 6. What does he look like? 和What’s he like?有什么区别?

  • “What does he look like?”中的 Look在这里是“看上去,看起来”的意思。直译意思是:他看上去象什么样子?所以这么问,是在问他的外貌,即“他长的什么样?”。“What’s he like?”中没有look这个词,意思是“他是什么样的人?”。问的是他内在的东西,他的性格,个性,为人等等。  所以,这两个问句,虽然看起来很相像,但却是两个完全不同的问题。

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  • 7. 谈论天气的时候,常说It is hot. It is snowing. It is cloudy. It is windy. It 本身就指天气吗?

  •   不错。it这个词的词义,除了我们常见的做“它”解释之外,还专门代指天气、时间、距离。上述句子是关于天气的例子,我们再来看看有关时间和距离的例子。

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  • 表示时间:It’s ten o’clock.It is getting late.表示距离:It is 5 kilometers away.It is far from here.

  •   另外,it有时也指人。例如,当有人敲门,你问“是谁呀?”时,英文中要说“Who is it?”,而不用“Who are you?”,对方在回答时也要说“It’s me.”(是我)。

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  • 这一结构也可用于赞扬他人。例如:

  • She’s always smiling. 她总是面带笑容。

  • She was forever coming up with good ideas. 她总能想出好主意来。

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  • 2.keep +doing

  • “keep +doing”描述的行为不一定是令人讨厌的,这一结构着重强调行为的重复性。例如:

  • He keeps looking at himself in the mirror. 他老是照镜子。

  • They keep wanting to be the best. 他们老想成为最好的。

  • He’s very kind. He keeps phoning up to see if I am getting better.他很体贴人,总是给我打电话,询问(我的身体)是不是好些了。

  • She keeps writing long letters to me and sending me birthday cards.她一直给我写长信,还给我寄生日贺卡。

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