spanish 1 final exam review chapters 7 10 16
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Spanish 1- final exam review chapters 7-10&16. Boot verbs: e-ie, e-i, o-ue,u-ue. Querer -to want. Empezar -to begin. Preferir-to prefer. Volver -to return. Devolver -to return (object). Dormir-to sleep. Jugar-to play. Decir-to say/tell. Perder-to lose. Comenzar-to begin/start.

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espa a alemania inglaterra frania portugal jap n root ends in l n s
España,Alemania,Inglaterra,Frania.Portugal,Japón(root ends in l, n, s)
  • Español,españoles/española,españolas
  • Alemán,alemanes/alemana,alemanas
  • Francés,franceses/francesa,francesas
  • Japonés,japoneses/japonesa,japonesas
  • Inglés,ingleses/inglesa.inglesas
  • Portugués,portugueses/portuguesa,portuguesas
cuba m xico colombia italia root ends in o
Cuba,méxico,colombia,italia(root ends in o)
  • Cubano,cubanos/cubana,cubanas
  • Mexicano,mexicanos/mexicana,mexicanas
  • Colombiano,colobianos/colombiana,colombianas
  • Italino,italianos/italiana,italianas
canad nicaragua root ends in ense
Canadá, Nicaragua(root ends in ense)
  • Canadiense/canadienses
  • Nicaraguense,nicaraguenses
go verbs only in the yo form
Go verbs**ONLY in the YO form**
  • Venir-vengo – I come
  • Traer-traigo – I bring
  • Tener-tengo – I have
  • Hacer-hago – I make/do
  • Poner-pongo – I put
  • Decir (i) – digo – I say/tell
present progressive to express what is happening now some form of estar present participle
Present progressive-to express what is happening now*some form of estar +present participle
  • Examples
  • I am speaking now.- Yo estoy hablando ahora.
  • She is eating now.- Ella está comiendo ahora.
  • We are writing now.- Nosotros estamos escribiendo ahora.
  • Present Participle
  • AR-ando
  • ER+IR-iendo
to know
To know
  • Saber-to know conocer-to know
  • 1.how to do something 1.a person
  • 2.facts or info 2.know/familiar with a subject
demostravite adjectives this these have t s that those don t
Demostravite adjectives: this &these have T’s that & those don’t
  • Masculine Feminine
  • Este-this esta-this
  • Estos-these estas-these
  • Ese-that esa-that
  • Esos-those esas-those
  • Aquel-that one(over there) aquella-that one(over there)
  • Aquellos-those(over there) aquellas-(those over there)
to be
To be
  • Ser-to be Estar-to be
  • 1.permanent characteristic 1.location
  • 2.place of origin 2.temporary condition
  • 3.nationality 3.present progressive
  • 4.time
direct object pronoun the word that receives action of the verb
Direct object pronoun:the word that receives action of the verb.
  • Rules of placement
  • 1.before the conjugated verb-ie:Yo lo necesito.(I need it {a book}).
  • 2.connected to the infinitive-ie:Ella va a comprarlas.(She is going to buy them{erasers}).
reflexive verbs pronouns a verb in which you do something yourself use article
Reflexive verbs+ pronouns: a verb in which you do something yourself*use article
  • 1.before the conjugated verb-ie: Yo me miro(I look at myself).
  • 2.connected to the end of the infinitive-ie: Nosotros necesitamos cepillarnos los dientes (we need to brush our teeth).
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