Spanish 1 final exam review chapters 7 10 16
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Spanish 1- final exam review chapters 7-10&16. Boot verbs: e-ie, e-i, o-ue,u-ue. Querer -to want. Empezar -to begin. Preferir-to prefer. Volver -to return. Devolver -to return (object). Dormir-to sleep. Jugar-to play. Decir-to say/tell. Perder-to lose. Comenzar-to begin/start.

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Querer to want
Querer-to want


Empezar to begin
Empezar-to begin



Volver to return
Volver-to return


Devolver to return object
Devolver-to return (object)








Espa a alemania inglaterra frania portugal jap n root ends in l n s
España,Alemania,Inglaterra,Frania.Portugal,Japón(root ends in l, n, s)

  • Español,españoles/española,españolas

  • Alemán,alemanes/alemana,alemanas

  • Francés,franceses/francesa,francesas

  • Japonés,japoneses/japonesa,japonesas

  • Inglés,ingleses/inglesa.inglesas

  • Portugués,portugueses/portuguesa,portuguesas


Cuba m xico colombia italia root ends in o
Cuba,méxico,colombia,italia(root ends in o)

  • Cubano,cubanos/cubana,cubanas

  • Mexicano,mexicanos/mexicana,mexicanas

  • Colombiano,colobianos/colombiana,colombianas

  • Italino,italianos/italiana,italianas


Canad nicaragua root ends in ense
Canadá, Nicaragua(root ends in ense)

  • Canadiense/canadienses

  • Nicaraguense,nicaraguenses


Go verbs only in the yo form
Go verbs**ONLY in the YO form**

  • Venir-vengo – I come

  • Traer-traigo – I bring

  • Tener-tengo – I have

  • Hacer-hago – I make/do

  • Poner-pongo – I put

  • Decir (i) – digo – I say/tell


Present progressive to express what is happening now some form of estar present participle
Present progressive-to express what is happening now*some form of estar +present participle

  • Examples

  • I am speaking now.- Yo estoy hablando ahora.

  • She is eating now.- Ella está comiendo ahora.

  • We are writing now.- Nosotros estamos escribiendo ahora.

  • Present Participle

  • AR-ando

  • ER+IR-iendo


To know
To know

  • Saber-to know conocer-to know

  • 1.how to do something 1.a person

  • 2.facts or info 2.know/familiar with a subject


Demostravite adjectives this these have t s that those don t
Demostravite adjectives: this &these have T’s that & those don’t

  • Masculine Feminine

  • Este-this esta-this

  • Estos-these estas-these

  • Ese-that esa-that

  • Esos-those esas-those

  • Aquel-that one(over there) aquella-that one(over there)

  • Aquellos-those(over there) aquellas-(those over there)


To be
To be don’t

  • Ser-to be Estar-to be

  • 1.permanent characteristic 1.location

  • 2.place of origin 2.temporary condition

  • 3.nationality 3.present progressive

  • 4.time


Direct object pronoun the word that receives action of the verb
Direct object don’tpronoun:the word that receives action of the verb.

  • Rules of placement

  • 1.before the conjugated verb-ie:Yo lo necesito.(I need it {a book}).

  • 2.connected to the infinitive-ie:Ella va a comprarlas.(She is going to buy them{erasers}).


Reflexive verbs pronouns a verb in which you do something yourself use article
Reflexive verbs+ pronouns: don’ta verb in which you do something yourself*use article

  • 1.before the conjugated verb-ie: Yo me miro(I look at myself).

  • 2.connected to the end of the infinitive-ie: Nosotros necesitamos cepillarnos los dientes (we need to brush our teeth).


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