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Research Proposals . & Grants. Research Proposals. A proposal sets forth both the exact nature of the matter to be investigated & a detailed account of the methods to be used Contains material supporting the importance of the topic & the appropriateness of the research methods to be used.

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research proposals1
Research Proposals
  • A proposal sets forth both the exact nature of the matter to be investigated & a detailed account of the methods to be used
  • Contains material supporting the importance of the topic & the appropriateness of the research methods to be used
research proposals2
Research Proposals

Functions of a Proposal

  • Means of communication

serves to communicate the investigator’s research plans to those who provide consultation, give consent, or disburse funds

2. Research Plan

serves as a plan for action, step-by-step guide

3. Contract

a completed, approved proposal can serve as a bond of agreement

research proposals3
Research Proposals

Regulations Governing Proposals

  • All funding agencies have their own guidelines for submissions (for example: NIJ Guidelines
  • These should be followed exactly
  • Download and complete the proper forms
  • Heed deadlines
research proposals4
Research Proposals
  • Specific formats may vary
  • Nearly all proposals include:
    • Introduction/Background
    • Importance of the Study/Project
    • Review of Literature
    • Methodology
    • Definitions
    • Limitations/Applications
introducing the study
Introducing the Study
  • Start with a short, well devised statement
  • Establish the overall area of concern, peek interest, communicate essential information for understanding the rest of the proposal
  • Identify & define the central concept
  • Most common error: Failure to get to the point
  • Any research problem should show its lineage from the background of existing knowledge, previous investigations, or contemporary practice (in applied cases)
    • What is already known or done?
    • How does this research relate to what is already known or done?
    • Why select this method?
state the question goal
State the Question/Goal
  • Set forth a clear and explicit statement of the question or goal to which your research is directed
  • Does not need all subtopics or even formal ‘hypotheses’
  • Should be a specific & accurate synopsis of the primary target of study
importance of the study
Importance of the Study
  • Why is that question or goal an important one?
    • What’s contributed to the knowledge base?
    • Or, Why is it useful in a practical setting?
  • This should also tie in to the Background, Literature, and any Hypotheses or Research Questions
review of literature
Review of Literature
  • See previous notes on Lit Reviews
  • The best research proposals achieve links using the organized framework of the lit review to connect existing knowledge on a topic, the importance of that topic to a specific research question, & how it should best be studied
methodology procedures
  • All proposals should include a plan for the careful & systematic investigation of the topic
  • This section is usually the most critically scrutinized
  • Work through your methodology as a step-by-step plan
  • Be detailed
methodology procedures1
  • Include: sources of data, collection of data, and analysis of data
  • Target population/sampling methods
  • Instruments/techniques for measurement
  • Design for the collection of data
  • Procedures for collecting & recording data
  • Explanation of data analysis procedures
  • Plans for contingencies (like subject mortality)
methodology procedures2
  • Specific to this class, you should also be sure to note the computer programs you’ll use for these tasks
additional components
Additional Components
  • Definitions where appropriate: Define the variables, any jargon, etc.
  • Limitations/Applications: Indicate what your study can and cannot do or show (and for what groups)
  • Budget: Personnel, materials, etc.
  • Timeline: Projected start dates and completions dates for each element of the project
government grants

Government Grants

Finding & Applying

government grant categories


Business & Commerce

Community Development

Disaster Prevention & Relief


Employment, Labor, & Training


Environmental Quality

Food & Nutrition




Information & Statistics

Law, Justice, & Legal Services

Natural Resources

Regional Development

Science & Technology

Social Services & Income Security


Government Grant Categories
applying for a government grant
Applying for a Government Grant
  • Register
  • Download application package (& any special instructions
  • Complete all sections
  • Submit on-line or mail, as appropriate
  • Track Status
  • Complete any follow-up requests
government grants3
Government Grants

Computer Applications:

  • Most govt. grant applications accept only three types of files
    • PDF files
    • Word documents
    • Text documents
  • PureEdge Viewer
  • Adobe Acrobat
submitting proposals for grants
Submitting Proposals for Grants
  • Typically forms are in PDF format
    • Complete using Adobe
  • Write the major components in Word
  • All documents then submitted on-line
successful grant proposals
Successful Grant Proposals

Best Chance of Success

  • Find a grant opportunity that matches well with your issue, needs, abilities
  • Follow all the guidelines
  • Keep your budget reasonable & appropriate to the tasks proposed
  • Account for all elements of the research plan (especially methods) in detail