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RECOGNIZING OUR WOMEN. THEIR WORTH AND HEALTH 2007. DIABETES. DEFINITION. A condition that occurs when the body either does not produce enough Insulin or cannot effectively use the Insulin it produces.

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Recognizing our women

RECOGNIZING OUR WOMEN

THEIR WORTH AND HEALTH

2007



Definition
DEFINITION

  • A condition that occurs when the body either does not produce enough Insulin or cannot effectively use the Insulin it produces.

  • This makes it difficult for the body to convert the food you eat into energy your cells need to survive and thrive.

  • Insulin is hormone that regulates the blood sugar and is produced by the Pancreas.


Risk factors
RISK FACTORS

  • A family history of Diabetes

  • Obesity/ Overweight

  • Hypertension

  • Physical Inactivity

  • Age

  • Ethnicity


Types of diabetes
TYPES OF DIABETES

  • Type 1 Diabetes

    • Usually occur in children or young adults

    • The Pancreas makes little or no Insulin.

  • Type 2 Diabetes

    • The pancreas makes insulin but not enough

    • Common in older adults but young people canalso get it.


Signs symptoms
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  • Feeling tired and weak all the time

  • Always thirsty

  • Need to urinate often

  • Sudden weight loss

  • Increased appetite

  • Blurred vision

  • Numbness or tingling in feet and /or hands

  • Wounds that won’t heal


Complications
COMPLICATIONS

  • Damage to heart and blood vessels

  • Eye problems

  • Kidney problems

  • Teeth, gum and skin infections

  • Problems with your legs and feet

  • Nerve damage


Management
MANAGEMENT

  • Diet / Eating healthy

  • Exercise

  • Medication

  • Controlling blood sugar level

  • Maintaining normal body weight



HYPERTENSION diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

OR

BLOOD PRESSURE


Blood pressure
BLOOD PRESSURE diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • The force created as your heart pumps blood and moves through your blood vessels.

  • Two numbers are recorded when checking B/P

    • Systolic pressure-force of blood in your vessels when your heart pumps

    • Diastolic pressure-force of the blood in your vessels in between beats


When is blood pressure too high
When is Blood Pressure too High? diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • High blood pressure is also called hypertension.

  • Normal range 130/85

  • High B/P = 140/90 and higher

  • The higher your B/P , the higher your chance of getting a stroke.


Can you have hypertension

Do you smoke? diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

Do you have diabetes, heart disease or kidney disease?

Do you weigh more than you should?

Are you African -American?

Are you age 35 or older?

Do you often eat fried, salty or greasy foods?

Are you under a lot of stress?

Do you spend a lot of time sitting?

Do you get little physical activity?

Do you have 2 or more drinks of alcohol every day?

Do you often get headaches or wake up with a headache?

Can you have Hypertension?


Signs and symptoms

Usually no symptoms are present. diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

However if the blood pressure is excessively high you may note the following changes.

Tiredness

Confusion

Vision changes

Crushing chest pain

Heart failure

Blood in the urine

Nosebleed

Irregular heartbeat

Ear noise or buzzing

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


Risk factors1
RISK FACTORS diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • A risk factor is anything that may increase a person’s chance of developing the disease.

  • Different diseases, including cancers, have different risks factors.

  • Blood pressure measurements vary during the course of the day, depending on your activity level and even your emotional state.


Risk factors2
RISK FACTORS diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • The following factors may contribute to an increase in Blood Pressure:

    • Being overweight

    • Excess sodium intake

    • A lack of exercise and physical activity


Complications1
COMPLICATIONS diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Increases your chances of getting a stroke

  • Damages blood vessel walls

  • Weakens blood vessel walls causing them to break and killing blood cells.


Management1
MANAGEMENT diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Control your diet.

  • Limit serving sizes.

  • Maintaining a healthy weight, or losing weight if overweight.

  • Increase physical activity.

  • Practicing moderation if consuming alcoholic beverages.

  • Take daily medication if necessary

  • Have regular blood pressure checks.

  • Reduce stress

  • Stop smoking


Category diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

Systolic reading (mmHg)

Diastolic reading (mmHg

Follow-up recommendation

Optimal

120

80

Recheck in two years

Normal

130

85

Recheck in 2 years

High Normal

130-139

85-89

Recheck in one year

HypertensionStage 1 (Mild)

140-159

90-99

Confirm within two months

HypertensionStage 2 (Moderate)

160-179

100-109

Evaluate within one month

HypertensionStage 3 (Severe)

179

109

Evaluate immediately or within one

week depending on situation


When to seek medical assitance
WHEN TO SEEK MEDICAL ASSITANCE? diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Severe headache

  • Excessive tiredness

  • Confusion

  • Visual changes

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Chest pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Excessive sweating


Remember hypertension is a silent killer
Remember Hypertension is a Silent Killer!!!!!!!! diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Don’t wait

  • Take Action Now

  • Confront the Killer

  • Learn the facts and

  • Follow your plan


Cholesterol

CHOLESTEROL diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.


Cholesterol1
CHOLESTEROL diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • A fatty substance found only in animal foods.

  • It is also made by our bodies.

  • Small amounts are needed by the body for essential functions.

  • Excessive cholesterol forms a fatty plaque, which sticks to the inside of our arteries and can cause heart disease.


Good and bad cholesterol
GOOD AND BAD CHOLESTEROL diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • LDL “bad” cholesterol

    • Carries cholesterol around in the blood

    • Forms plaque in the arteries

    • Increases risk of heart disease

  • HDL “good” cholesterol

    • Carries cholesterol to liver and out of body

    • Helps avoid plaque and heart disease


More fats in the blood
MORE FATS IN THE BLOOD diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Triglycerides

    • A fat that circulates in blood and increases risk of heart disease

  • Lipid profile

    • Total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides.

    • Gives a picture of the balance between good and bad cholesterol and other fats


Normal blood levels
NORMAL BLOOD LEVELS diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Cholesterol (total) < 200 mg/dL

  • LDL 0-130 mg/dL

  • HDL 33-96 mg/dL

  • Triglycerides 40-157 mg/dL


Risk factors3
RISK FACTORS diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • High LDL cholesterol

  • Overweight and obesity

  • Hypertension or diabetes (type 2)

  • Unhealthy diet

  • Sedentary lifestyle

  • Family history

  • More common in men

  • Cigarette smoking

  • Especially a combination of several of these


Management2
MANAGEMENT diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Eat a healthy diet.

  • Exercise regularly.

  • Keep weight in normal range.

  • If hypertensive or diabetic keep it under control.

  • Don’t smoke tobacco.

  • Get your cholesterol checked at least once a year if you have risk factors.


Exercise
EXERCISE diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • Exercise boosts HDL (“good”)

  • Reduces risk of heart disease

  • Helps control weight

  • Helps control diabetes and hypertension

  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes daily

  • Choose a form of exercise that you enjoy and can keep up.


Diabetes hypertension and cholesterol

Diabetes, Hypertension and diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Cholesterol

Benefits of Diet to Your Health


Risk factors4

CONTROLLABLE diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

Smoking

Cholesterol levels

Obesity

Excessive alcohol intake

Salty and or high fat diet

Activity levels

UNCONTROLLABLE

Genes

Age (males between 35-50)

African American

Pre-existing cardiovascular disease or stroke

Kidney disease

Diabetes

Family history

Risk Factors


Benefits of diet to your health
Benefits of Diet to Your Health diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

  • These conditions are lifestyle related therefore:

    • Choosing a healthy lifestyle

    • Changing your diet

    • Participating in exercise and other stress relieving activities

    • Reducing your weight


Healthy eating diabetes
Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Diabetes

  • Eat 3 meals everyday at regular times

  • Ensure all meals are balanced - be sure to add a protein food

  • Eat more high fibre foods

  • Limit the amount of high fat foods

  • Limit sugars and sweets

  • Limit dietetic foods

  • Limit salt and salty foods


Healthy eating diabetes1
Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life. Diabetes

  • DO NOT skip meals

  • When thirsty drink water 6-8 glasses a day

  • Limit alcohol intake

  • If overweight, choose smaller portions and portion sixes that will help you reach healthy body weight

  • Keep active every day – have physical activity as part of your life


Healthy eating diabetes2
Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Diabetes

  • Manage diabetes by balancing the kinds and amounts of foods eaten.

  • Some foods raise blood sugar

    • Carbohydrates – sugar and starches e.g. bread, cereals, fruits, milk

  • Some foods slow down how fast sugar goes into your bloodstream

    • Protein foods: meat, fish, cheese, poultry

    • Fats and oils: butter, margarine, gravy, oil, salad dressings


Healthy eating diabetes3
Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Diabetes

  • Dietary fibre: whole grain bread and cereals, fresh fruits, vegetables, dried peas and beans

  • Other factors can lower your blood sugar

    • Activity or exercise


  • Healthy eating hypertension
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Hypertension

    • Eat a healthy and balanced diet low fat, and high in fruits and vegetables

    • Eat lots of low-fat dairy foods, whole grain products

    • Reduce the amount of salt

    • Have at least 3 serving a day of high potassium foods (bananas, raisins, squash, beet, potato, tomato)


    Healthy eating hypertension1
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Hypertension

    • Use fresh products rather than canned, smoked or processed foods

    • Drink less alcohol – limit yourself to no more than 1-2 drinks a day

    • Practice read food labels


    Healthy eating cholesterol
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Cholesterol

    • Reduce the total amount of fats and oil in the diet. Avoid fatty foods and fried foods – bake, grill, steam or boil foods instead of frying

    • Limit egg yolk to not more than 2-3 per week. This includes egg yolks used in the preparation and cooking of foods e.g. custards, eggnog, cakes, meatloaf.

    • Limit your use of organ meats (e.g. liver, heart, kidney) and of shell fish (e.g. shrimp, lobster, conchs)


    Healthy eating cholesterol1
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Cholesterol

    • Avoid foods that are high in saturated fat - bacon, sausages, pastry, gravies, salad dressings, mayonnaise

    • Limit use of red meats instead use more fish, chicken, turkey or dried peas, beans, lentils

    • Trim all visible fat from meats remove skin and before cooking. Pour off the fat that melts during cooking

    • Use low fat and skim milk products instead of full cream milk and dairy products


    Healthy eating cholesterol2
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Cholesterol

    • Include foods that are high in fibre e.g. dried peas and beans, nuts, whole wheat bread, whole grain cereals especially oats, oat bran, fresh fruits and vegetables and ground provisions.

    • Choose fats wisely - use vegetable oils and margarines that are high in polyunsaturated fats e.g. olive oil, canola oil, corn oil, sunflower oil

    • Avoid saturated and trans fats – too much can raise your cholesterol levels


    Healthy eating cholesterol3
    Healthy Eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.Cholesterol

    • Improving your diet is the most effective way to maintain good cholesterol levels

      IMPORTANT FACT:

    • It IS NOT the cholesterol found in foods that causes high blood cholesterol.

    • It IS the FAT in food, particularly the SATURATED FAT and TRANS FAT that raises blood cholesterol.


    THE HEALTHY PLATE diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.


    Unhealthy eating diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

    Healthy eating


    Visit your doctor diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

    regularly

    Relaxation

    Check your weight

    Balance intake with output

    Exercise regularly


    Summary
    Summary diabetes is a serious health problem, with proper care you can learn to manage your diabetes and lead a full and active life.

    • Eat right

    • Watch your weight -even a modest drop in weight can make a difference

    • Be active - start a program of light exercise for at least 30-45 minutes every day

    • Lower your stress levels. Practice stress reduction techniques

    • Stop smoking and drinking alcohol


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