Oecd workshop on iuu activities paris 19 20 april 2004
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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004. What data do NGOs have? Dr. Simon Cripps Director - Global Marine Programme WWF-International Switzerland. Approach to Presentation. Role of NGO's Steps to eliminate IUU Examples of NGO contributions re. Information to fulfill steps

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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004

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Oecd workshop on iuu activities paris 19 20 april 2004

OECD Workshop on IUU activitiesParis, 19-20 April 2004

  • What data do NGOs have?

  • Dr. Simon Cripps

  • Director - Global Marine Programme

  • WWF-International

  • Switzerland


Approach to presentation

Approach to Presentation

  • Role of NGO's

  • Steps to eliminate IUU

  • Examples of NGO contributions re. Information to fulfill steps

  • Recommendations to the Taskforce

  • The bigger picture

  • Conclusions


Role of ngos

Role of NGOs

  • Agents provocateurs

  • Public pressure

  • Setting a high bar

  • Brokering solutions behind the scenes

  • Preparation of advocacy material / briefs

  • Focussing on solutions and outcomes

  • Investigation and intelligence

  • Several points require data / intelligence - but commonly for strategic or communications


Steps to address iuu

Steps to address IUU

  • Eliminate flags of convenience

  • Close ports, markets & companies

  • FOA plan of action to prevent deter & eliminate IUU

  • National legislation

  • Ratify UN Fish Stocks & Compliance Agreements

  • Strengthen RFMOs

  • Strengthen cooperation e.g. MCS


Eliminate flags of convenience e gs of ngo contributions

Eliminate flags of conveniencee.gs of NGO contributions

  • Revealing tricks of the trade

    • e.g Patagonian toothfish - COLTO (Pacific Andes)

  • Identifying major offenders and their locus and modus operandi

    • e.g transshipment - Greenpeace, WWF

  • Reviewing available legislation and gaps

    • IUCN, WWF, Oceana, TRAFFIC

  • Quantifying extent and impacts - pressure

    • Greenpeace high seas, WWF / TNC local presences


Close ports markets companies

Close ports, markets & companies

  • For particular fisheries and situations:

    • Which ports are primary vectors?

    • What are the trade flows and the pinch-points (e.g. small number of wholesalers)?

    • Which companies are involved and who are the investors?

    • Which consumers commonly purchase IUU products?

      • Why?

      • Can they be influenced - how?


National legislation

National legislation

  • Advocacy and lobbying material

  • Evidence for litigation

  • "Data" & analysis on legal opportunities, existing or new

  • Messages that increase political will

    • e.g. effect on jobs and incomes

    • subsidies

    • trade disparities

  • Local / regional examples

    • socio-economic effects


Rfmos

RFMOs

  • Varying roles / mandates of RFMOs

  • Varying methodologies for tackling IUU - if at all

  • Varying effectiveness

  • Comparisons / reviews necessary

  • One of few ways to govern the high seas

    • WWF producing CCRF Analysis, RFMO Scorecard


Iuu loopholes

IUU loopholes

  • Patagonian toothfish

    • Traffic, COLTO, moratorium, consumer pressure, MSC?

  • Tunas

    • TRAFFIC, "dolphin friendly" coalition, WWF-MPO

  • High Seas e.g. Indian Ocean Orange Roughy

    • WWF, Greenpeace, Industry, TRAFFIC

  • Fisheries critically impacting habitat or particular species e.g. turtles, cetaceans, sharks and seabirds

    • various specialist or regional, local NGOs

    • forthcoming bottom trawl campaigns


Recommendations to the taskforce

Recommendations to the Taskforce

  • Develop sharp, decisive recommendations to eliminate particular IUU situations.

    • e.g. WWF Tuna Trans-shipment Case Study

  • Establish 'up-to-date/real time' information collation mechanism

  • Describe the baseline situation

  • Strong focussed leadership by Taskforce

  • Involve stakeholders appropriately and innovatively

  • Work with differing roles and strengths of stakeholders


The bigger picture

The Bigger Picture

  • Taskforce - leaders in fisheries management community

    • problem of IUU in perspective with respect to poorly managed 'managed fisheries'

    • if IUU were absent, would fisheries be sustainable?

    • clear opportunity to establish a forum for innovation in fisheries management

    • piece by piece, steps to elimination

      • identify application of suite of specific tools for those situations.

  • WWF facilitate particular stakeholder engagement


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Within a framework of a work-plan to tackle IUU there are several steps / approaches

  • Each have data sets required for: intelligence, strategic planning, communications, evidence, advocacy etc

  • Different NGOs have both different areas of interest and hence engagement and approach

  • Many seemingly peripheral data can be of much use - e.g. trade, investment, consumer preference

  • The OECD taskforce can establish a clearing house mechanism for this data and pull all the threads together within defined, implementable themes


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