Romanticism
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Romanticism. Characteristics. Emotion over reason Human sense, passion, and faith Glorification of nature Beauty Rejected Enlightenment view of past Encouraged personal freedom and flexibility. Characteristics. Drew upon ideals of Middle Ages Honor, fait, and chivalry

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Romanticism

Romanticism


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • Emotion over reason

    • Human sense, passion, and faith

  • Glorification of nature

    • Beauty

  • Rejected Enlightenment view of past

  • Encouraged personal freedom and flexibility


Characteristics1

Characteristics

  • Drew upon ideals of Middle Ages

    • Honor, fait, and chivalry

  • Humanitarian movements were created to fight slavery, poverty, and industrial evils

  • Romantics focused on peasant life and transcribed folk songs, tales, and proverbs


Philosophical forerunners

Philosophical Forerunners

  • Jean Jacques Rousseau

    • Social Contract

  • Immanuel Kant

    • Established philosophy separate from religion

  • George William Friedreich Hegel

    • Leading figure of German idealism

  • Johann Gottlieb Fichte

    • Addresses to the German Nation

    • Believed Germans were superior to other people


Romantic poetry

Romantic Poetry

  • Romantics believed that poetry was supreme over all other literary forms

    • Expression of one’s soul


Romantic party germany

Romantic PartyGermany

  • Friedrich von Schiller

    • Wrote about man achieving freedom through the aesthetic of Beauty

    • “Ode to Joy”

  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    • “Faust”

    • Man sells soul to devil in return for experiencing all human experiences


England

England

  • William Wordsworth

    • Lyrical Ballads

    • Defied classic rules and abandoned flowery poetic conventions for ordinary language

  • Sir Walter Scott

    • Rob Roy

    • Ivanhoe

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley

    • Prometheus Unbound

    • Detailed the revolt of humans against a society that oppresses them


Romantic literature

Romantic Literature

  • George Sand

    • Female writer, Amandine Dupin

    • Emphasized themes of the romantic love of nature and moral idealism

  • Victor Hugo

    • Hunchback of Notre Dame

    • Les Miserables

    • Use of fantastic characters, strange settings, and human emotions


Romantic art

Romantic Art

  • Caspar David Friedrich

    • Wanderers above the sea of fog

    • Focused on power of nature


Romantic art1

Romantic Art

  • Eugene Delacroix

    • Most famous French romantic painter

    • Dramatic use of color

    • Liberty Leading the People


Romantic art2

Romantic Art

  • Theodore Gericault

    • Themes of power of nature and man’s attempt to survive its force

    • Raft of the Medusa


Romantic art3

Romantic Art

  • J.M.W. Turner

    • Natures power and terror

    • Landscapes, seascapes, etc…


Romantic music

Romantic Music

Places a strong connection with emotion as well as nationalism

  • Ludwig van Beethoven

    • Inner human emotion

  • Franz Schubert

    • Incorporated music and romantic poetry

  • Hector Berlioz

    • Programmatic music

  • Franz Liszt

    • Symphonic poem

  • Richard Wagner

    • “Music drama”

  • Peter Tchaikovsky

    • Russian romantic composer


Connection to politics and revolution

Connection to Politics and Revolution

Romantics believed in revolutionary movements that would give people more freedom and control over their lives

Supported nationalistic movements that emphasized cultural traditions and languages of Europe’s varied people


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