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汉译英基础翻译 要点 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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汉译英基础翻译 要点. 汉译英常见错误例析. 造成汉译英常见错误的原因错综复杂,但究其原因主要有两个:一是运用英语知识的实践能力差,尽管道理和规则记得很熟,但由于练习较少,动笔时容易出错;二是受汉语的影响,常见的错误往往是用英语套用汉语的表达方式、习惯说法和思维模式等。. 10.1 生搬硬套型错误 这类错误就是把汉语的表达意思逐词照搬地直译成英语。. 例 1 .欢迎你参加英语角活动。 误: Welcome you to join our English corner activities !

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汉译英基础翻译 要点

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  • 10.1


  • 1

  • Welcome you to join our English corner activities

  • You are welcome to join our English Corner!

  • (or: Welcome to join our English Corner!)


  • 2

  • : Do not cut off at one stroke.

  • : Do not impose uniformity in all cases.

  • 2


  • 3

  • Our steps of economic reform and open policy should be bigger.

  • Take a broader approach to economic reform and opening up.


  • 4

  • Warmly welcome all guests of honor at home and abroad to attend to this symposium!

  • Warm welcome to all honored guests both at home and abroad to attend the Trade Talks!


  • 5

  • If you are free, please come to our family to have a talk.Drop in on us for a chat at any odd moment.


  • 6

  • Our cause has won victories one after another.

  • We have won one victory after another for our cause.

  • A series of victories have been won for our cause.


  • causewin victoriescause



  • A

  • 1

  • Sorry I dont see you.

  • Sorry I didnt see you.


  • 2

  • I dont know you are here.

  • I didnt know you are here.


  • 3.

  • The book which was borrowed from the library had been found.

  • The book which had been borrowed from the library was found.


  • B.


  • 1

  • To succeed in a scientific research, persistence is needed.

  • To succeed in a scientific research, one needs to be persistent.

  • one


  • 2.

  • To make a decision, everything must be taken into consideration.

  • To make a decision, you should take everything into consideration.


    • 3

    • The book is required to put into English.

    • The book is required to be put into English.


    • 4

    • It is a pity for him to have criticized.

    • It is a pity for him to be criticized.

    • 34


    • A.

    • , ,


    • 1

    • Looking out of the window, thoughts of his childhood came to him.

    • Looking out of the window, he thought of his childhood.


    • 2

    • Being in a cage, I was not afraid of it.

    • The tiger being in a cage, I was not afraid of it.


    • 3

    • Seeing from the top of the hill, the city looks like a beautiful garden.

    • Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a beautiful garden.


    • 4

    • : Hearing the news, his eyes were filled with tears.

    • When he heard the news, his eyes were filled with tears.


    • B.


    • 1

    • On squeezing on to the bus, my wallet was lost.

    • On squeezing on to the bus, I lost my wallet.


    • 2

    • After graduating from college, his father wanted him to pursue his education in America.

    • After he graduated from college, his father wanted him to pursue his education in America.


    • 3

    • He attended the party without inviting.

    • He attended the party without being invited.


    • C.


    • 1

    • The girls in your class are more active than our class.

    • The girls in your class are more active than those in our class.

    • those, girls our class


    • 2

    • The climate here is like Beijing.

    • The climate here is like that of Beijing.

    • that , climate Beijing


    • 3

    • Her face is as round as a child.

    • Her face is as round as a childs (face).


    • 10.2


    • 1

    • He wanted to give you more help, but he has been so busy recently.

    • He would have given you more help, but he has been so busy recently.


    • 2

    • Many people not only dont plant trees but also cut trees.

    • Many people dont plant trees, instead, they cut trees.


    • 3

    • He formed the habit of reading a great deal. Thus storing his mind with much valuable information.

    • He formed the habit of reading a great deal, thus storing his mind with much valuable information.

    • thus storing.


    • 4

    • They fought again and again and they are repeatedly defeated.

    • They are repeatedly defeated although they fought again and again.

    • although


    • 5

    • They were just turning the corner, when they heard the noise of a shot.

    • Just as they were turning the corner, they heard the noise of a shot.


    • 6

    • Entirely to conceal ones feelings is almost impossible

    • To entirely conceal ones feelings is almost impossible.


    • 10.3

    • take medicinesuck the breasteat an applemeetmeetmeetmeet


    • see look view watch look after take care of regard reckon consider think go to observe call on visit depend on mind bear treat perceive tell penetrate notice catch read


    • 1

    • I can see your mind.

    • I can read your mind.

    • 2

    • I can hear something from the tone of his voice.

    • I can tell something from the tone of his voice.


    • 3

    • Study knowledge of English by constant practice.

    • Acquire knowledge of English by constant practice.

    • attain, getAcquire knowledge by study.


    • 4

    • We enjoy free medical care.

    • We are entitled to free medical care.

    • medical careenjoybe entitled to.


    5

    • To deepen reform is the most urgent task.

    • To deepen our commitment to reform is the top priority.


    • 6

    • The story takes place in Shanghai.

    • The story is set in Shanghai.


    • 5storytake placerecursive manipulation)


    • 10.4


    • 1

    • We spent last evening watching the television.

    • We spent last evening watching television.

    • televisionsetShe wont leave the television set even though her husband is waiting for his supper.


    • 2

    • The travel agency sent us many informations about the Hawaiian Islands.

    • The travel agency sent us much information about the Hawaiian Islands.

    • information


    • 3

    • The vacation begins from tomorrow.

    • The vacation begins tomorrow.


    • 4

    • The price of the watch is dear.

    • The watch is dear. (or: The price of the watch is high.)

    • watchprice


    • 5

    • I travel always by the second class.

    • I always travel second class. (or: I always take a second-class car. )


    • : ,by train by boat by air traveltaketake a second-class car when I travel


    • 6

    • I dont wish to go.So does he.

    • I dont wish to go.Nor does he.

    • I dont wish to go.Neither does he.

    • norneither


    • 7.

    • I dislike to drink. Neither does my brother.

    • I dislike to drink. So does my brother.


    • 8.

    • You have mistaken in that point.

    • You are mistaken on that point.


    • 9

    • What shall we become if war breaks out?

    • What shall we become of / happen to us if war breaks out?

    • become of =happen towhat


    • 10

    • We played very pleasantly last night.

    • We enjoyed ourselves very much last night.

    • Or: We had a good time last night.


    • 11

  • If he will come, Im glad to do anything I can for him.

  • : If he comes, Im glad to do anything I can for him.


    • 12. 1965

    • Mr. Wang graduated Peking University in 1965.

    • Mr. Wang graduated at Peking University in 1965.

    • Or: Mr. Wang graduated from Peking University in 1965.


    • 13

    • I am used to sit up at late at night.

    • I am used to sitting up late at night.

    • (: I used to sit up late at night. ()


    • 14. ?

    • : Do you like to see my stamp collection?

    • : Would you like to see my stamp collection?


    • 151990

    • I left New York in the summer 1990.

    • I left New York in the summer of 1990.


    • 16

    • He is busy to write a letter.

    • He is busy writing a letter.


    • 17

    • I want a computer, but I cant afford to buy it.

    • I want a computer, but I cant afford to buy one.


    • 18

    • The place is as warm as March of south of Yangtze River.

    • The place is as warm as south of Yangtze River in March.


    19

    • I studied English from my uncle.

    • I studied English under my uncle

    • or: I learned English from my uncle.

    • or: I was taught English by my uncle.


    • 20

    • His profession is a teacher.

    • He is a teacher by profession.


    • 21

    • My nationality is China.

    • My nationality is Chinese.


    • 22

    • My professor suggested me to apply for a scholarship.

    • My professor suggested that I apply for a scholarship.


    • 23

    • Please reply this letter early.

    • Please answer this letter early.

    • or: Please reply to this letter promptly.


    • 24

    • He always says the truth.

    • He always tells / speaks the truth.

    • or: He never tells a lie.


    • 25

    • She ran to the police for getting help.

    • She ran to the police to get help.

    • or: She ran to the police for help.


    • 26

    • He has two children of his former wife.

    • He has two children by his former wife.

    • byborn to him


    • 27

    • His opinion is the very opposite to yours.

    • His opinion is the very opposite of yours.

    • of toThe result was quite opposite to what we had expected.


    • 28

    • Most children want to be independent to their parents.

    • Most children want to be independent of their parents.

    • dependentonindependentof


    • 29

    • Do you mind if I opened the window?

    • Would you mind if I open the window?

    • Or: Do you mind my opening the window?


    • 30

    • He lectured teaching methods to high school teachers.

    • He lectured to high school teachers on teaching methods /methodology.


    • 31

    • It didnt take long before new troubles arose.

    • It wasnt long before new troubles arose.

    • Or: It didnt take long for new troubles to arise.


    • 32

    • It gives me much pleasure in accepting your invitation.

    • It gives me much pleasure to accept your invitation.

    • I have much pleasure in accepting your invitation.


    • I take great pleasure in accepting your invitation.

    • take great pleasure = greatly enjoy.Have the pleasureinof I have the pleasure of accepting your invitation. :


    • May I have the pleasure of taking a glass of wine with you?

    • I once have the pleasure of being introduced to you.

    • I am sorry I cannot have the pleasure of accompanying you today.

    • I hope you will give me the pleasure of dining with me at 8 oclock tomorrow evening at my place.

    • There are many famous men whom I have not yet had the pleasure of meeting so far.


    • 33

    • He gave me a check of 500.

    • He gave me a check for 500.


    • 34

    • His breath smells with garlic.

    • His breath smells of garlic.

    • This coffee has a garlic taste. This coffee tastes of garlic.


    • 35

    • The fault clearly lies at your side.

    • The fault clearly lies with your side.


    • 1Sheets of paper lie about the room.

    • 2The village lies across the river.

    • 3Accusation of theft lay against him.

    • 4The path lies along a stream.


    • 5The hot springs lie among pretty scenery.

    • 6The blame lies at his door.

    • 7A happy future lies before you.

    • 8What mystery lay behind the disappearance of the girl?


    • 9The truth lies between extremes.

    • 10He has the manuscripts lying by him for the next number.

    • 11The charm of travel lies in its new experiences.


    • 12The book lies on the floor.

    • 13A white mist lay over London.

    • 14The person lies under the suspicion of corruption.

    • 15. The ship is lying off the mouth of the river.


    • 16The choice lies with you.

    • lie with ..

    • 17It lies with you to decide.

    • 18It lies with you to decide or reject the proposal.

    • 19The fault does not lie with the government officials.


    • 36

    • The room is lighted with electricity.

    • The room is lighted by (means of ) electricity.

    • The room is lighted with electric lamps.

    • bywithelectricityelectric lamps


    • 37

    • I have written it just now.

    • I have just written it.

    • I wrote it just now.


    • 38

    • I will go there Sunday next.

    • I will go there next Sunday.

    • I will go there on Sunday next.

    • last, next


    • 39

    • He praised his sisters diligence.

    • He praised his sister for her diligence.


    • 40500

    • Five hundred yuan a month is enough to live.

    • Five hundred yuan a month is enough to live on.

    • liveon


    • 41

    • I have known him since a child.

    • I have known him from a child.

    • I have known him since his childhood.


    • 42

    • We ascended the higher, it became the colder.

    • The higher we ascended, the colder it became.


    • 43

    • He neither speaks Chinese nor English.

    • : He speaks neither Chinese nor English.


    • 44

    • More than one firemen were killed.

    • More than one fireman was killed.

    • : more than : More than more one man has told me so. There are more than one man here. There is more than one man here.


    • 45

    • When he struck her head, she remained unconscious for an hour.

    • After he struck her on the head, she remained unconscious for an hour.

    • She remained unconscious for an hour after he struck her on the head.


    • 46

    • That is the last news Ive received.

    • That is the latest news Ive received.


    • 47

    • There is no difference between both views.

    • There is no difference between their views.

    • There is no difference between in their views.


    • 48

    • I parted with him on the bridge.

    • I parted from him on the bridge.

    • part from sb. ; part with sth. He hates to part with his money.


    • 49

    • Please come at six if you are convenient.

    • Please come at six if it is convenient to you.


    • 50

    • Her father will never approve her marrying such a poor man.

    • Her father will never approve of her marrying such a poor man.

    • approve of


    • 51

    • We were tired to death through having sat up all night.

    • We were tired to death from having sat up all night.


    • 52

    • The prisoners execution has caused a lot of public censure,

    • The execution of the prisoner has caused a lot of public censure.


    • 53

    • After the war being over, he went abroad.

    • The war being over, he went abroad.

    • After the war was over, he went abroad.


    • 54

    • Though having been ill for years, he is now quite well.

    • : After having been ill for years, he is now quite well.

    • Having been ill for years, he is now quite well.


    • 55

  • On arriving at Singapore, my friend was waiting for me at the airport.

  • On arriving at Singapore, I found my friend waiting for me at the airport.


    • 56

    • He is content of living in obscurity.

    • He is content with living in obscurity.

    • He is content to live in obscurity.


    • 57

    • He has prohibited the boys to smoke.

    • He has prohibited the boys from smoking.

    • prohibit sb. from doing sth.; forbid + to do, : I have forbidden the boys to smoke.


    • 58

    • confide and confidence+ in sth, He confided in your honesty. She has great confidence in her success. () confident + of, We are confident of victory.


    • 59

    • He persisted to refuse my request.

    • He persisted in refusing my request.


    • 60

    • The Japanese people are insular in their thinking to sum up.

    • To sum up, the Japanese people are insular in their thinking.

    • to sum up, to tell the truth, strictly speaking, taking everything into consideration, judging from


    • 61

    • Ignorance and negligence have caused this mistake.

    • Ignorance and negligence has caused this mistake.


    • Truth and honesty is always the best policy. Slow and steady wins the race. Bread and butter is his abomination (,).


    • 62

    • Mr. Huang studies the doctors degree at Peking University.

    • Mr. Huang works for the doctors degree at Peking University.

    • Mr. Huang is a doctoral candidate at Peking University.


    • 63

    • The questions were so difficult that I could solve only two.

    • The questions were so difficult that I could answer only two.

    • solve a problemanswer a question


    • 64

    • I am willing to assist you to do anything.

    • I am willing to assist you in doing anything.

    • I am willing to help you to do anything.


    • 65. .

    • : The debate was drawing to en end.

    • : The debate was drawing to a close.

    • The debate was coming to en end.


    • 66.

    • He is proud in his son.

    • He is proud of his son.

    • He takes pride in his son.

    • He prides himself on his son.

    • proud + ofpride + in to


    • 67

    • This chapter needs being rewritten.

    • This chapter needs rewriting.

    • This chapter needs to be rewritten.

    • : sth need+ v-ing, (=sth need +to+ be done) , The best horse needs breaking and the aptest child need teaching.


    • (,) sb. need + to do, Each of us needs to master (,) such a foolish fear.


    • 68.

    • The cat cleared off rats from the house.

    • The cat cleared the house of rats.

    • The cat swept rats out of the house.

    • clear clear++of+sweep sweep++out of +


    • 69

  • He was much drunken last night.

  • He was much drunk last night.

  • a drunken man


    • 70

    • There is no medicine to cure a fool.

    • There is no medicine for curing a fool.


    • 71

    • I received a telephone from him last night.

    • I had / received a phone call from him last night.

    • He called me up last night.


    • 72

    • I think to do so is my duty.

    • I think it my duty to do so.


    • 73

    • Mt. Omei is the highest mountain of Sichuan.

    • Mt. Omei is the highest mountain in Sichuan.

    • Mt. Omei is Sichuans highest mountain.


    • 74

    • My tennis has much progressed in a year.

    • My tennis has improved very much in a year.

    • I have made much progress in tennis this past year.


    • 75

    • He seems to be getting rich at the tremendously speedy rate.

    • He seems to be getting rich at a tremendously speedy rate.


    • 76

    • Last year I read many Hemingways novels.

    • Last year I read many of Hemingways novels.

    • Last year I read many novels by Hemingway.


    • 77

    • The famous painting came into possession of the man.

    • The famous painting came into the possession of the man.

    • The man came into possession of the famous painting.


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