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汉译英基础翻译 要点 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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汉译英基础翻译 要点. 汉译英常见错误例析. 造成汉译英常见错误的原因错综复杂,但究其原因主要有两个:一是运用英语知识的实践能力差,尽管道理和规则记得很熟,但由于练习较少,动笔时容易出错;二是受汉语的影响,常见的错误往往是用英语套用汉语的表达方式、习惯说法和思维模式等。. 10.1 生搬硬套型错误 这类错误就是把汉语的表达意思逐词照搬地直译成英语。. 例 1 .欢迎你参加英语角活动。 误: Welcome you to join our English corner activities !

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汉译英基础翻译 要点

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4517343


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  • 10.1


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  • 1

  • Welcome you to join our English corner activities

  • You are welcome to join our English Corner!

  • (or: Welcome to join our English Corner!)


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  • 2

  • : Do not cut off at one stroke.

  • : Do not impose uniformity in all cases.

  • 2


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  • 3

  • Our steps of economic reform and open policy should be bigger.

  • Take a broader approach to economic reform and opening up.


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  • 4

  • Warmly welcome all guests of honor at home and abroad to attend to this symposium!

  • Warm welcome to all honored guests both at home and abroad to attend the Trade Talks!


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  • 5

  • If you are free, please come to our family to have a talk.Drop in on us for a chat at any odd moment.


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  • 6

  • Our cause has won victories one after another.

  • We have won one victory after another for our cause.

  • A series of victories have been won for our cause.


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  • causewin victoriescause


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  • A

  • 1

  • Sorry I dont see you.

  • Sorry I didnt see you.


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  • 2

  • I dont know you are here.

  • I didnt know you are here.


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  • 3.

  • The book which was borrowed from the library had been found.

  • The book which had been borrowed from the library was found.


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  • B.


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  • 1

  • To succeed in a scientific research, persistence is needed.

  • To succeed in a scientific research, one needs to be persistent.

  • one


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  • 2.

  • To make a decision, everything must be taken into consideration.

  • To make a decision, you should take everything into consideration.


  • 4517343

    • 3

    • The book is required to put into English.

    • The book is required to be put into English.


    4517343

    • 4

    • It is a pity for him to have criticized.

    • It is a pity for him to be criticized.

    • 34


    4517343

    • A.

    • , ,


    4517343

    • 1

    • Looking out of the window, thoughts of his childhood came to him.

    • Looking out of the window, he thought of his childhood.


    4517343

    • 2

    • Being in a cage, I was not afraid of it.

    • The tiger being in a cage, I was not afraid of it.


    4517343

    • 3

    • Seeing from the top of the hill, the city looks like a beautiful garden.

    • Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a beautiful garden.


    4517343

    • 4

    • : Hearing the news, his eyes were filled with tears.

    • When he heard the news, his eyes were filled with tears.


    4517343

    • B.


    4517343

    • 1

    • On squeezing on to the bus, my wallet was lost.

    • On squeezing on to the bus, I lost my wallet.


    4517343

    • 2

    • After graduating from college, his father wanted him to pursue his education in America.

    • After he graduated from college, his father wanted him to pursue his education in America.


    4517343

    • 3

    • He attended the party without inviting.

    • He attended the party without being invited.


    4517343

    • C.


    4517343

    • 1

    • The girls in your class are more active than our class.

    • The girls in your class are more active than those in our class.

    • those, girls our class


    4517343

    • 2

    • The climate here is like Beijing.

    • The climate here is like that of Beijing.

    • that , climate Beijing


    4517343

    • 3

    • Her face is as round as a child.

    • Her face is as round as a childs (face).


    4517343

    • 10.2


    4517343

    • 1

    • He wanted to give you more help, but he has been so busy recently.

    • He would have given you more help, but he has been so busy recently.


    4517343

    • 2

    • Many people not only dont plant trees but also cut trees.

    • Many people dont plant trees, instead, they cut trees.


    4517343

    • 3

    • He formed the habit of reading a great deal. Thus storing his mind with much valuable information.

    • He formed the habit of reading a great deal, thus storing his mind with much valuable information.

    • thus storing.


    4517343

    • 4

    • They fought again and again and they are repeatedly defeated.

    • They are repeatedly defeated although they fought again and again.

    • although


    4517343

    • 5

    • They were just turning the corner, when they heard the noise of a shot.

    • Just as they were turning the corner, they heard the noise of a shot.


    4517343

    • 6

    • Entirely to conceal ones feelings is almost impossible

    • To entirely conceal ones feelings is almost impossible.


    4517343

    • 10.3

    • take medicinesuck the breasteat an applemeetmeetmeetmeet


    4517343

    • see look view watch look after take care of regard reckon consider think go to observe call on visit depend on mind bear treat perceive tell penetrate notice catch read


    4517343

    • 1

    • I can see your mind.

    • I can read your mind.

    • 2

    • I can hear something from the tone of his voice.

    • I can tell something from the tone of his voice.


    4517343

    • 3

    • Study knowledge of English by constant practice.

    • Acquire knowledge of English by constant practice.

    • attain, getAcquire knowledge by study.


    4517343

    • 4

    • We enjoy free medical care.

    • We are entitled to free medical care.

    • medical careenjoybe entitled to.


    4517343

    5

    • To deepen reform is the most urgent task.

    • To deepen our commitment to reform is the top priority.


    4517343

    • 6

    • The story takes place in Shanghai.

    • The story is set in Shanghai.


    4517343

    • 5storytake placerecursive manipulation)


    4517343

    • 10.4


    4517343

    • 1

    • We spent last evening watching the television.

    • We spent last evening watching television.

    • televisionsetShe wont leave the television set even though her husband is waiting for his supper.


    4517343

    • 2

    • The travel agency sent us many informations about the Hawaiian Islands.

    • The travel agency sent us much information about the Hawaiian Islands.

    • information


    4517343

    • 3

    • The vacation begins from tomorrow.

    • The vacation begins tomorrow.


    4517343

    • 4

    • The price of the watch is dear.

    • The watch is dear. (or: The price of the watch is high.)

    • watchprice


    4517343

    • 5

    • I travel always by the second class.

    • I always travel second class. (or: I always take a second-class car. )


    4517343

    • : ,by train by boat by air traveltaketake a second-class car when I travel


    4517343

    • 6

    • I dont wish to go.So does he.

    • I dont wish to go.Nor does he.

    • I dont wish to go.Neither does he.

    • norneither


    4517343

    • 7.

    • I dislike to drink. Neither does my brother.

    • I dislike to drink. So does my brother.


    4517343

    • 8.

    • You have mistaken in that point.

    • You are mistaken on that point.


    4517343

    • 9

    • What shall we become if war breaks out?

    • What shall we become of / happen to us if war breaks out?

    • become of =happen towhat


    4517343

    • 10

    • We played very pleasantly last night.

    • We enjoyed ourselves very much last night.

    • Or: We had a good time last night.


    4517343

    • 11

  • If he will come, Im glad to do anything I can for him.

  • : If he comes, Im glad to do anything I can for him.


  • 4517343

    • 12. 1965

    • Mr. Wang graduated Peking University in 1965.

    • Mr. Wang graduated at Peking University in 1965.

    • Or: Mr. Wang graduated from Peking University in 1965.


    4517343

    • 13

    • I am used to sit up at late at night.

    • I am used to sitting up late at night.

    • (: I used to sit up late at night. ()


    4517343

    • 14. ?

    • : Do you like to see my stamp collection?

    • : Would you like to see my stamp collection?


    4517343

    • 151990

    • I left New York in the summer 1990.

    • I left New York in the summer of 1990.


    4517343

    • 16

    • He is busy to write a letter.

    • He is busy writing a letter.


    4517343

    • 17

    • I want a computer, but I cant afford to buy it.

    • I want a computer, but I cant afford to buy one.


    4517343

    • 18

    • The place is as warm as March of south of Yangtze River.

    • The place is as warm as south of Yangtze River in March.


    4517343

    19

    • I studied English from my uncle.

    • I studied English under my uncle

    • or: I learned English from my uncle.

    • or: I was taught English by my uncle.


    4517343

    • 20

    • His profession is a teacher.

    • He is a teacher by profession.


    4517343

    • 21

    • My nationality is China.

    • My nationality is Chinese.


    4517343

    • 22

    • My professor suggested me to apply for a scholarship.

    • My professor suggested that I apply for a scholarship.


    4517343

    • 23

    • Please reply this letter early.

    • Please answer this letter early.

    • or: Please reply to this letter promptly.


    4517343

    • 24

    • He always says the truth.

    • He always tells / speaks the truth.

    • or: He never tells a lie.


    4517343

    • 25

    • She ran to the police for getting help.

    • She ran to the police to get help.

    • or: She ran to the police for help.


    4517343

    • 26

    • He has two children of his former wife.

    • He has two children by his former wife.

    • byborn to him


    4517343

    • 27

    • His opinion is the very opposite to yours.

    • His opinion is the very opposite of yours.

    • of toThe result was quite opposite to what we had expected.


    4517343

    • 28

    • Most children want to be independent to their parents.

    • Most children want to be independent of their parents.

    • dependentonindependentof


    4517343

    • 29

    • Do you mind if I opened the window?

    • Would you mind if I open the window?

    • Or: Do you mind my opening the window?


    4517343

    • 30

    • He lectured teaching methods to high school teachers.

    • He lectured to high school teachers on teaching methods /methodology.


    4517343

    • 31

    • It didnt take long before new troubles arose.

    • It wasnt long before new troubles arose.

    • Or: It didnt take long for new troubles to arise.


    4517343

    • 32

    • It gives me much pleasure in accepting your invitation.

    • It gives me much pleasure to accept your invitation.

    • I have much pleasure in accepting your invitation.


    4517343

    • I take great pleasure in accepting your invitation.

    • take great pleasure = greatly enjoy.Have the pleasureinof I have the pleasure of accepting your invitation. :


    4517343

    • May I have the pleasure of taking a glass of wine with you?

    • I once have the pleasure of being introduced to you.

    • I am sorry I cannot have the pleasure of accompanying you today.

    • I hope you will give me the pleasure of dining with me at 8 oclock tomorrow evening at my place.

    • There are many famous men whom I have not yet had the pleasure of meeting so far.


    4517343

    • 33

    • He gave me a check of 500.

    • He gave me a check for 500.


    4517343

    • 34

    • His breath smells with garlic.

    • His breath smells of garlic.

    • This coffee has a garlic taste. This coffee tastes of garlic.


    4517343

    • 35

    • The fault clearly lies at your side.

    • The fault clearly lies with your side.


    4517343

    • 1Sheets of paper lie about the room.

    • 2The village lies across the river.

    • 3Accusation of theft lay against him.

    • 4The path lies along a stream.


    4517343

    • 5The hot springs lie among pretty scenery.

    • 6The blame lies at his door.

    • 7A happy future lies before you.

    • 8What mystery lay behind the disappearance of the girl?


    4517343

    • 9The truth lies between extremes.

    • 10He has the manuscripts lying by him for the next number.

    • 11The charm of travel lies in its new experiences.


    4517343

    • 12The book lies on the floor.

    • 13A white mist lay over London.

    • 14The person lies under the suspicion of corruption.

    • 15. The ship is lying off the mouth of the river.


    4517343

    • 16The choice lies with you.

    • lie with ..

    • 17It lies with you to decide.

    • 18It lies with you to decide or reject the proposal.

    • 19The fault does not lie with the government officials.


    4517343

    • 36

    • The room is lighted with electricity.

    • The room is lighted by (means of ) electricity.

    • The room is lighted with electric lamps.

    • bywithelectricityelectric lamps


    4517343

    • 37

    • I have written it just now.

    • I have just written it.

    • I wrote it just now.


    4517343

    • 38

    • I will go there Sunday next.

    • I will go there next Sunday.

    • I will go there on Sunday next.

    • last, next


    4517343

    • 39

    • He praised his sisters diligence.

    • He praised his sister for her diligence.


    4517343

    • 40500

    • Five hundred yuan a month is enough to live.

    • Five hundred yuan a month is enough to live on.

    • liveon


    4517343

    • 41

    • I have known him since a child.

    • I have known him from a child.

    • I have known him since his childhood.


    4517343

    • 42

    • We ascended the higher, it became the colder.

    • The higher we ascended, the colder it became.


    4517343

    • 43

    • He neither speaks Chinese nor English.

    • : He speaks neither Chinese nor English.


    4517343

    • 44

    • More than one firemen were killed.

    • More than one fireman was killed.

    • : more than : More than more one man has told me so. There are more than one man here. There is more than one man here.


    4517343

    • 45

    • When he struck her head, she remained unconscious for an hour.

    • After he struck her on the head, she remained unconscious for an hour.

    • She remained unconscious for an hour after he struck her on the head.


    4517343

    • 46

    • That is the last news Ive received.

    • That is the latest news Ive received.


    4517343

    • 47

    • There is no difference between both views.

    • There is no difference between their views.

    • There is no difference between in their views.


    4517343

    • 48

    • I parted with him on the bridge.

    • I parted from him on the bridge.

    • part from sb. ; part with sth. He hates to part with his money.


    4517343

    • 49

    • Please come at six if you are convenient.

    • Please come at six if it is convenient to you.


    4517343

    • 50

    • Her father will never approve her marrying such a poor man.

    • Her father will never approve of her marrying such a poor man.

    • approve of


    4517343

    • 51

    • We were tired to death through having sat up all night.

    • We were tired to death from having sat up all night.


    4517343

    • 52

    • The prisoners execution has caused a lot of public censure,

    • The execution of the prisoner has caused a lot of public censure.


    4517343

    • 53

    • After the war being over, he went abroad.

    • The war being over, he went abroad.

    • After the war was over, he went abroad.


    4517343

    • 54

    • Though having been ill for years, he is now quite well.

    • : After having been ill for years, he is now quite well.

    • Having been ill for years, he is now quite well.


    4517343

    • 55

  • On arriving at Singapore, my friend was waiting for me at the airport.

  • On arriving at Singapore, I found my friend waiting for me at the airport.


  • 4517343

    • 56

    • He is content of living in obscurity.

    • He is content with living in obscurity.

    • He is content to live in obscurity.


    4517343

    • 57

    • He has prohibited the boys to smoke.

    • He has prohibited the boys from smoking.

    • prohibit sb. from doing sth.; forbid + to do, : I have forbidden the boys to smoke.


    4517343

    • 58

    • confide and confidence+ in sth, He confided in your honesty. She has great confidence in her success. () confident + of, We are confident of victory.


    4517343

    • 59

    • He persisted to refuse my request.

    • He persisted in refusing my request.


    4517343

    • 60

    • The Japanese people are insular in their thinking to sum up.

    • To sum up, the Japanese people are insular in their thinking.

    • to sum up, to tell the truth, strictly speaking, taking everything into consideration, judging from


    4517343

    • 61

    • Ignorance and negligence have caused this mistake.

    • Ignorance and negligence has caused this mistake.


    4517343

    • Truth and honesty is always the best policy. Slow and steady wins the race. Bread and butter is his abomination (,).


    4517343

    • 62

    • Mr. Huang studies the doctors degree at Peking University.

    • Mr. Huang works for the doctors degree at Peking University.

    • Mr. Huang is a doctoral candidate at Peking University.


    4517343

    • 63

    • The questions were so difficult that I could solve only two.

    • The questions were so difficult that I could answer only two.

    • solve a problemanswer a question


    4517343

    • 64

    • I am willing to assist you to do anything.

    • I am willing to assist you in doing anything.

    • I am willing to help you to do anything.


    4517343

    • 65. .

    • : The debate was drawing to en end.

    • : The debate was drawing to a close.

    • The debate was coming to en end.


    4517343

    • 66.

    • He is proud in his son.

    • He is proud of his son.

    • He takes pride in his son.

    • He prides himself on his son.

    • proud + ofpride + in to


    4517343

    • 67

    • This chapter needs being rewritten.

    • This chapter needs rewriting.

    • This chapter needs to be rewritten.

    • : sth need+ v-ing, (=sth need +to+ be done) , The best horse needs breaking and the aptest child need teaching.


    4517343

    • (,) sb. need + to do, Each of us needs to master (,) such a foolish fear.


    4517343

    • 68.

    • The cat cleared off rats from the house.

    • The cat cleared the house of rats.

    • The cat swept rats out of the house.

    • clear clear++of+sweep sweep++out of +


    4517343

    • 69

  • He was much drunken last night.

  • He was much drunk last night.

  • a drunken man


  • 4517343

    • 70

    • There is no medicine to cure a fool.

    • There is no medicine for curing a fool.


    4517343

    • 71

    • I received a telephone from him last night.

    • I had / received a phone call from him last night.

    • He called me up last night.


    4517343

    • 72

    • I think to do so is my duty.

    • I think it my duty to do so.


    4517343

    • 73

    • Mt. Omei is the highest mountain of Sichuan.

    • Mt. Omei is the highest mountain in Sichuan.

    • Mt. Omei is Sichuans highest mountain.


    4517343

    • 74

    • My tennis has much progressed in a year.

    • My tennis has improved very much in a year.

    • I have made much progress in tennis this past year.


    4517343

    • 75

    • He seems to be getting rich at the tremendously speedy rate.

    • He seems to be getting rich at a tremendously speedy rate.


    4517343

    • 76

    • Last year I read many Hemingways novels.

    • Last year I read many of Hemingways novels.

    • Last year I read many novels by Hemingway.


    4517343

    • 77

    • The famous painting came into possession of the man.

    • The famous painting came into the possession of the man.

    • The man came into possession of the famous painting.


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