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Project Based Learning. What is it?. An extended process of inquiry in response to a complex question, problem or challenge It is often situated learning Projects are carefully planned, managed and assessed Key skills are collaboration, communication and critical thinking

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Presentation Transcript
what is it
What is it?
  • An extended process of inquiry in response to a complex question, problem or challenge
  • It is often situated learning
  • Projects are carefully planned, managed and assessed
  • Key skills are collaboration, communication and critical thinking
  • Focus on creating authentic responses and knowledge
  • The idea of “learning by doing” was first promoted by John Dewey (1897)
answering the driving question
Answering the driving question
  • The driving question is open ended
  • Students need to used Higher Order Thinking skills
  • Students need to work as a team
  • Requires critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration and communication
inquiry in the learning process
Inquiry in the learning process
  • Develop and ask questions
  • Search for answers
  • Arrive at conclusions
  • Use these conclusions to construct something new: an idea, interpretation or product
  • The teacher is merely a facilitator- students are responsible for their own inquiry
pbl vs traditional didactic approaches to learning
PBL vs Traditional didactic approaches to learning
  • Traditional approaches present students with knowledge and concepts. Students must gain these to reach opportunities to apply them
  • PBL starts with a vision of the end product/ presentation/idea. Students create a context, and are engaged by developing a reason to learn and understand the information and concepts needed to complete the project
advantages of pbl
Advantages of PBL
  • Students are giving a voice in the learning process, learning to work independently and in teams, and must take responsibility for their project and learning
  • Students give and receive feedback during the process, to improve the final project outcomes (e.g. product)
  • Students are asked to reflect upon what and how they are learning, to improve their critical thinking and self evaluation skills
  • Students gain a deeper understanding of the key concepts and knowledge in a project
some more advantages
Some more advantages…
  • Projects can have real life applications, making the content more relatable for students
  • Students can improve their time and project management skills
  • Student social skills are enhanced
disadvantages of pbl
Disadvantages of PBL
  • Social loafing as described by Hye-Jung and Cheoli (2012), where some team members perform insufficiently, requiring other team members to pick up the slack
  • Social loafing can also lead to project standards being lowered to maintain team cohesion and congeniality
  • Social dynamics are not always assessed, despite these having a direct impact on the completed project
  • PBL is not applicable in all subject areas, such as in skills based subjects like Math (however it is highly useful in TAS subjects)
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