Definite Integrals

1 / 9

# Definite Integrals - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Definite Integrals. Riemann Sums and Trapezoidal Rule. Why all this work? Why learn integration?. We are now going to look to find the numerical value of any curve f(x) from a to b, bounded by the x axis. (Fig 1)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Definite Integrals' - finn-ayala

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

### Definite Integrals

Riemann Sums and Trapezoidal Rule

Why all this work? Why learn integration?

We are now going to look to find the numerical value of any curve f(x) from a to b, bounded by the x axis. (Fig 1)

The connection to integration that will be explained tomorrow. Right now we will concentrate on some of the methods that can be used to find the area under any curve.

Method 1: Riemann Sums

(See Fig 2) If we partition a particular function into intervals from x0 (a) to xn (b) with evenly spaced subintervals (xk, xk+1, xk+2…) we could find the area under the curve IF we could find the area of all those little subintervals. The more subintervals, the more accurate the area, right?

Lets look at these as rectangles.

Riemann Sums (cont.)

(Fig. 3) If we choose a particular number, c, in each subinterval, f(c)·Δx = the area of the particular rectangle. If we add all these rectangles, we’ll get a pretty close approximation of the total area under the curve.

Notice:

Arectangle = length·width = f(c)·Δx

Riemann Sums (cont.)

Whether we use the left side of the rectangle or the right side we can see that the more rectangles the more accurate the area. Here’s another

Area under curve =

Trapezoidal Rule

(Fig.4 ) Instead of rectangles, we look at the subintervals as trapezoids. Again, the more trapezoids you put in, the more accurate the estimation.

What is the formula for the area of a trapezoid?

For just one trapezoid

If I add all the trapezoids (n of them)

n=number of sub intervals

Will we do this all the time now?

Good grief NO!! This is a very rote method. But as you see from the illustrations, the more intervals you have the more accurately you can find the area

Example
• Use trapezoidal rule to partition into 4 subintervals to estimate

TONIGHT’S PROBLEM

Use trapezoidal rule to partition into 4 subintervals to estimate