Marine Reserves Reform
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Marine Reserves Reform. Main Changes in the Bill Fisheries Management Implications Treaty Implications Key Points - Solutions. Presentation Overview. 1. Main Changes in the Bill. Main Changes in the Bill “Front End” – Part 1. Scope: Unfishable Waters!. 15.2% FMA10 closure

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Presentation Transcript

Presentation overview

Main Changes in the Bill

Fisheries Management Implications

Treaty Implications

Key Points - Solutions

Presentation Overview



Main changes in the bill front end part 1
Main Changes in the Bill“Front End” – Part 1


Scope unfishable waters
Scope: Unfishable Waters!

  • 15.2% FMA10 closure

  • 15.3% 46mt exclusion

  • 2.6% Seamount closures

  • 33.9% To Deep to fish

  • Total 43% Unfishable


Purpose biodiversity protection
Purpose – Biodiversity Protection?

To conserve indigenous marine biodiversity… from what, for whom?

  • representative examples of the full range of marine communities and ecosystems that are common or widespread

  • outstanding, rare, distinctive

  • natural features that are part of the biological and physical processes


Principles biodiversity
Principles - Biodiversity?

  • Should include a range of habitats, communities and ecosystems?

  • Natural state?

  • Historic material?

  • Facilitate use and enjoyment and protect the quality of the experience?


Principles decision making
Principles - Decision Making?

  • Best available information

  • Consider nature of Uncertainty

  • If in doubt create a Marine Reserve?

  • Management should tend to protecting and preserving?


Terms of reference treaty reference
Terms of Reference Treaty Reference

Required acknowledgement of the Treaty of Waitangi (Fisheries Claims) Settlement Act1992?

No acknowledgement of the Fisheries Deed or Settlement Act



Marine species biology
Marine Species Biology

  • Marine Species are predominantly broadcast spawners – most of the young do not survive!

  • Larval survival is largely dependant on environmental conditions outside our control!

  • How then do Marine Reserves make more fish?


Dynamic pool model

A Renewable Resource

Growth

Mortality

Biomass

Harvest

Recruitment

Dynamic Pool Model


Carrying capacity

4

3

No.

2

1

Time

Carrying Capacity


Compensatory growth
Compensatory Growth

  • Increased availability of food

  • Increased growth rates and health

  • Early sexual maturity and reproduction

  • Early entry of new recruits

  • Fast growth


Managed fishing

Managed

Yield

Unrestrained

Time

Managed Fishing



Treaty of waitangi provisions
Treaty of Waitangi Provisions

Article IArticle II Article III

CROWN AUTHORITY TINO RANGATIRATANGA CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS

POWERS OF GOVT AUTHORITY OF TRIBES STATUS OF MAORI

INDIVIDUALS


Key components of the fisheries settlement act

Key Components of the Fisheries Settlement Act

Commercial

Quota, Cash and Subsidiaries

Customary

Use and Management rights

Participation

Management & Conservation of NZ fisheries



Customary regulations1
Customary Regulations

  • The Customary Regulations are NOT providing for the protection of traditional fishing grounds

  • This is a particular problem in the North Island

  • Marine Reserves are going to target these areas


Customary regulations problems

Traditional Fishing Grounds are more than likely to contain the most species richness

Marine Reserves can not become established when a Mataitai reserve already exists

BUT you can not establish a Mataitai Reserve until all disputes are resolved

The disputes process allows individuals to lodge disputing submissions

No clear process to resolve the disputes

No resources or funding available to facilitate disputes resolution

The regulations must URGENTLY be completely fixed

Customary Regulations Problems


Implementing the settlement
Implementing the Settlement the most species richness

  • A long way to go yet!

  • Commercial

    • Slow start but good plan now

  • Customary

    • Initial progress but now floundering

  • Participation

    • New developments occurring


Convention on biodiversity oceans policy
Convention on Biodiversity the most species richnessOceans Policy?


4. Key Points - Solutions the most species richness


Purpose

Biodiversity the most species richness

Protection?

Threat Identification

Risk Assessment

Mitigation Options

Restoration Plan

Monitor and Review

Re-allocation of

use rights?

Impact Assessment

Quantify Loss

Compensation Options

Prior Informed Consent

Implement Settlement

Purpose?


The ultimate test
The Ultimate Test the most species richness

  • Will a Marine Reserve achieve the PURPOSE of Biodiversity Protection from know threats?

  • How will this be demonstrated to the satisfaction of displaced rights holders?


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