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MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012. Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012. Goal: Monitor emerging MSW conversion technologies for

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MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012

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Msw conversion technologies status in summer 2012 presented to the board of directors of the municipal review committee inc august 1 2012

MSW Conversion Technologies:

Status in Summer 2012

Presented to

the Board of Directors of the

Municipal Review Committee, Inc.

August 1, 2012


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 2012

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Goal:

Monitor emerging MSW conversion technologies for

consideration after 2018

Objectives:

1. Reduce overall net disposal costs post-2018

2. Match facility scale to available in-state MSW 3. Produce products with more value than electricity 4. Minimize risks of unproven technology

5. Reduce environmental impacts and residuals

2


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20121

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Recent developments

Per the Waste Conversion Congress, Philadelphia, June 2012

  • Almost 600 vendors of new MSW technologies

  • New sources of investment capital

    • IT companies entering the green tech space

    • U.S. stimulus programs (DOE, ARRA)

  • First facilities in the commercialization process

    • Demos, pilots and scale-ups now in construction

    • Too soon to get performance, cost or tip fee data

  • No technology has yet emerged as disruptive

3


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20122

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

4


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20123

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: five vendors

  • Dongara Pellet Plant

  • New Biomass Energy

  • Greenwood Energy

  • Process Equipment Design Consultants (PEDCON)

  • Covanta/Waste Management

5


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20124

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: Dongara

Process: Convert MSW to RDF, then to pelletized fuel product

Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns

First plant:Vaughn, Ontario, 208,000 tpy

In operation since 2008

More info to come on technology, costs, regulatory issues, product markets

Funding Private partners

6


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20125

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: New Biomass Energy

Process: Convert wood chips to fuel pellets

called “torrified wood”

Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns

First plant:Quitman, MS, 80,000 tpy

Started up early in 2012

Exported two ship-loads of pellets to Europe for test burns

7


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20126

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: Greenwood Energy

Process: Convert fiber waste to fuel pellets

Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the upper Midwest.

First plant:Green Bay, WI, 150,000 tpy

Starting up in 2012

Oneida Indian tribe seeks to extend technology to take MSW

8


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20127

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: PEDCON

Process: Convert MSW to RDF to fuel pellets

Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the PJM control area.

First plants:Palmer Twp, PA, pilot facility in place

Easton, PA, 65,000 tpy

Starting up in 2012

9


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20128

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: Covanta

Process: Convert MSW to RDF to fuel pellets

Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the PJM control area.

First plant:WMI transfer station in Philadelphia, 143,000 tpy

Under development

10


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 20129

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Merchant RDF technologies: summary

  • Wood chips, fiber waste and MSW can be converted into fuel pellets

  • Canadian facility on-line since 2008; U.S. facilities starting up in 2012

  • Facilities have been funded privately

  • Market depends on value to solid-fuel boilers and regulatory acceptance

  • Performance and cost data are not yet available

11


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201210

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: five vendors

  • Enerkem

  • Fiberight

  • Ineos Bio

  • BlueFire Ethanol

  • Fulcrum BioEnergy

12


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201211

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: Enerkem

Process: Gasify RDF, then use catalysts to refine to ethanol and chemicals

Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders, refineries and industrial bulk chemical users

First plants:Sherbrooke, Q, pilot plant since 2003

Westbury, Q, 1.3 Mgal/y since 2009

Edmonton, AB, 10 Mgal/y from 300 tpd MSW, start-up 2013

Pontotoc, MS, 10 Mgal/y, in development

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

13


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201212

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: Enerkem

14


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201213

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies:Fiberight

Process: Prepare RDF, then ferment to alcohols

Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders

First plants:Lawrenceville, VA, Q, pilot plant

Blairstown, IA, converted corn ethanol facility, 6 M gal/y, start-up 2013

Elkridge, MD, under development

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

15


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201214

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: Ineos Bio

Process: Gasify RDF, then ferment to bio-ethanol with bio-catalysts and distill

Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders

First plants:Fayetteville, AK, pilot plant

Vero Beach, FL, 150,000 tpy MSW to 8 Mgpy ethanol and 6 MW electricity, starting-up summer 2012

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

16


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201215

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: Ineos Bio

17


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201216

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: BlueFire Ethanol

Process: Mix RDF with agr. residues, then process via concentrated acid hydrolysis and refine to ethanol and other bio-fuels

Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blendersand end-users

First plants:Fulton, MS, 19 Mgal/y from woody biomass only, starting up 2013

Lancaster and Mecca, CA, from post-sorted MSW, under development

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

18


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201217

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: Fulcrum BioEnergy

Process: Gasify RDF, then refine with catalysts

Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blendersand end-users

First plants:McCarran, NV, 10.5 Mgal/y, scheduled for operation 2nd half 2013

Feedstock contracts with Waste Mgmt and Waste Connections

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

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Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201218

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

High-value RDF technologies: summary

  • MSW processes are based on experience with other biomass materials

  • Large-scale facilities with complicated processing

  • U.S. facilities starting up in 2012 and 2013

  • Market depends on access to fuel blenders and fuel or chemical end-users with exacting specs

  • Financing required significant public support

  • Performance and cost data not yet available

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Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201219

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: five vendors

  • PlascoEnergy

  • AlterNRG

  • Chinook Energy

  • Sierra Energy

  • Covanta CLEERGAS/InenTech

21


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201220

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: PlascoEnergy

Process: Gasify by plasma arc torches; clean up gas

Market: Burn syngas in GE Jenbacher IC engines

First plant:Ottawa, ON, 94 tpd demo plant to be scaled up to 200 tpd by 2014

Funding:Private

22


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201221

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Alter NRG

Process: Plasma arc gasification

Market: Burn syngas in engines; convert syngas to ethanol for sale to fuel blenders

First plant:Madison, PA 48 tpd demo project

St. Lucie, FL, project canceled April 2012

Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

Westnghouse facility in Japan

23


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201222

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Chinook Energy

Process: Gasify organics in batch vessels

Market: Burn syngas in IC engines: convert to fuels

First plants:18 plants worldwide gasifying organic contaminants in scrap metal

Converting Millville, NJ, plant to gasify MSW

Funding:Private

ConceptBeneficiate ferrous and/or FEPR?

24


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201223

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Chinook Energy

25


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201224

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Sierra Energy

Process: Gasify MSW in blast furnace to produce syngas and slag. Modular design.

Market: Convert syngas to CNG, sell slag as aggregate.

First plants:DOD, CA, 5 tpd demonstration plant Sacramento, CA, 50 tpd plant scheduled on-line in 2013, expansion to 200 tpd

Funding:Private, California incentives

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Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201225

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Sierra Energy

27


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201226

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: Covanta CLEERGAS using InenTech technology

Process: Gasify MSW for combustion in solid fuel boiler

Market: Generate electricity

First plants:Tulsa, OK, operating at 350 tpd since August 2011.

Funding:Private

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Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201227

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

One-step conversion technologies: summary

  • MSW gasification has been demonstrated technically

  • Use of syngas in IC engines is being demonstrated, but data are not public

  • Conversion of syngas to liquid fuels has not been demonstrated. Facilities will start up in 2012 and 2013

  • Facilities are modular and scalable

  • Performance and cost data are not yet available

29


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201228

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: four vendors

  • Zero Waste Energy

  • W2E Eisenmann

  • CR&R / Los Angeles County

  • Harvest Power

30


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201229

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: Zero Waste Energy with Kompoferm technology

Process: Dirty MRF (unsorted MSW) with digester for organics, advanced recycling lines

Market: Convert bio-gas to CNG; sell recyclables First plant:San Jose, CA, demo plant operating, constructing expansion to 270,000 tpy for start-up in 2013

Funding:Private, California incentives

31


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201230

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: W2e Eisenmann

Process: Dirty MRF with wet anaerobic digestion of organics to produce bio-gas

Market: Generate electricity

First plants:Columbia, SC, 48,000 tpy and 3.2 MW, prototype under construction, start-up 2012

Funding:Private

32


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201231

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: CR&R

Process: Dirty MRF with digester for organics, advanced recycling lines

Market: Convert bio-gas to CNG; sell recyclables

First plants:Riverside, CA

Under construction: start-up in 2014

Funding:Private, selected by LA County, CEC grants for bio-fuels

33


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201232

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: Harvest Power

Process: Anaerobic digestion of source-separated organics. Combust bio-gas in IC engines

Market: Generate electricity, sell fertilizer

First plants:London, ON, 65,000 tpy, scheduled for start-up 2013

Orlando, FL, scheduled for start-up 2013

Funding:Private

34


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201233

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Multi-step conversion technologies: summary

  • Use dirty MRF technology with mechanical separation and anaerobic digestion

  • Variety of products, including electricity, CNG, recyclables

  • Generally uses proven equipment and processes in unproven configurationsand applications

  • Facilities will start up in 2012 and 2013

  • Performance and cost data are not yet available

35


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201234

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Observations

  • Multiple pilot and demonstration projects for MSW processing are underway

  • There is little experience with syngas use or conversion to liquid fuels

  • Performance and cost data are not yet available

  • Merchant RDF facilities depend on markets for solid fuels and regulatory acceptance

  • High-value RDF facilities are large-scale and require access to fuel blenders and users ; not appropriate for PERC

36


Status of msw conversion technologies mrc board meeting on august 1 201235

Status of MSW Conversion Technologies:MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012

Observations

  • One-step conversion technologies are modular and scalable, but syngas uses are not yet demonstrated

  • Multi-step conversion technologies use proven equipment and processes in new configurations

  • Need more experience to understand:

    • Capital costs, O&M costs, life-cycle costs

    • Restrictions on Acceptable Waste

    • Success in using syngas

    • True generation of products, residuals and emissions

  • Stay tuned – much will be learned this year!

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