Communicable Diseases and Schools What you need to know. Presented by the Branch-Hillsdale-St. Joseph Community Health Agency. Exposure- Disease Detection Timeline. Exposure Onset of Symptoms Some electronic surveillance Seek Medical Care (maybe yes, maybe no) Some electronic surveillance
Presented by the Branch-Hillsdale-St. Joseph
Community Health Agency
(Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
Source: LA County Health Department
Source: Mark Grubb, MD
Hand washing is the most important way to prevent MRSA
St. Joseph County GI Activity attending school or playing sports?October, 2002 through December, 2008Branch-Hillsdale-St. Joseph Community Health Agency Communicable Disease Reports
Adult Lice – compared to a dime
Adult lice are about 1/8 inch long.
Are there symptoms?
1. A tickling feeling on the scalp.
2. Itching, caused by an allergic reaction to the bites.
3. Sores on the head from excessive scratching. These sores can sometimes become infected
Where should I look? Close to the scalp behind the ears and at the neckline in the back of the head. A thorough examination of all of your child’s head is important as these are not the only places lice may be hiding.
Treatment Options December, 2008
Treatment with Lice Shampoo
Do Not Treat Classrooms December, 2008
Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot properly use food for energy.
The hormone insulin, which is made in the pancreas, helps the body to get energy from food.
In people with diabetes, either the pancreas doesn’t make insulin or the body cannot use insulin properly.
Sugar is the basic fuel for the cells in the body, and insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells.
Without insulin, glucose, the body’s main energy source, builds up in the blood.
Diabetes can lead to serious problems and complications, such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, lower limb amputations and premature death.
In 2007, 17.9 million children and adults have been diagnosed with diabetes and there are another 5.7 million who are undiagnosed-for a total of 23.6 million Americans with diabetes.
3,500 in SJ County
Used to be called insulin-dependent or
The exact cause is unknown but it appears to be an auto-immune disease that develops when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells-the only cells in the body that make the hormone insulin which regulates blood glucose.
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day by injection or pump.
In type 2 diabetes either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. If the cells are not getting insulin or “resisting” the insulin, then sugars will build up in the blood.
Most common form of diabetes
Can be prevented with lifestyle changes
May need pills or insulin to control blood sugar
Diabetes Management December, 2008in School
Blood Glucose Monitoring December, 2008
Cornerstone of Diabetes Management
To qualify, children must:
# in Family MIChild Income Eligibility - approximate
Monthly Income Annual Income
1 $1,735 to $2,167
2 $2,335 to $2,917
3 $2,935 to $3,667 ~ $44,000
4 $3,535 to $4,417 ~ $53,000
5 $4,135 to $5,167 ~ $62,000
More than 5 - for each additional family member Add $750 for each
For more information:
Branch-Hillsdale-St. Joseph Community Health Agency
269-273-2161 – Three Rivers site
269-659-4013 – Sturgis site
SODON - 269-273-4309