Health Economic Course Series: 3 of 12. Equity. www.diankusuma.wordpress.com. Table of Contents. The concept of equity Equity and equality Examples of equity matter. What do we mean by health equity?.
Differences, variations or disparities in health achievements of individuals or groups; descriptive term, NOT implying moral judgment;
Those inequalities that are considered to be unfair or stemming from some form of injustice; they are avoidable or unnecessary; this entails a normative (subjective) judgment;
Source: Gajalakshmi, CK et al. Patterns of Tobacco Use and Health Consequences, Background Paper for “Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control, World Bank, 1999.
(access in accordance to need)
(paying according to ability…)
(education, political participation, living conditions, etc.)
Age, Sex, Ethnic, Area (rural/urban), Income
“Equity refers to differences that are unnecessary or reducible and are unfair and unjust. The concept of fairness obviously involves a moral judgement
and is, therefore, intrinsically difficult. As is the case with health outcomes, similarly the inequities in health determinants are those that should not exist.
Every person should, in terms of equity, have the opportunity to access those sanitary and social measures necessary to protect, promote and maintain or recover health.”