Defining Simple Sentences. A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause: one subject and one verb. . . Finding the Subject(s). The subject is the topic of the sentence, who or what is taking an action or being talked about. Class starts early in the morning. I am glad to be at s
1. Writing Simple Sentences
2. Defining Simple Sentences A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause: one subject and one verb.
3. Finding the Subject(s) The subject is the topic of the sentence, who or
what is taking an action or being talked about.
Class starts early in the morning.
I am glad to be at school.
4. Subjects as Nouns or Pronouns A noun is a word that names a person, place, or
Abdullah, Lincoln University, classrooms…
A pronoun is a word that stands for a noun:
he, it, they …
5. Simple and Complete Subjects A sentence’s simple subject is just a noun or a
Marissa librarian it
A sentence’s complete subject is the simple subject
along with all the words that describe it.
the research librarian
NOTE: A two-word name, such as Marissa Johnson, is a
6. Singular and Plural Subjects The subject of a sentence can be singular or plural.
A singular subject is one person, place, or thing.
A plural subject is more than one person, place, or thing.
A plural subject that joins two subjects with and is called a compound subject.
7. Singular and Plural Subjects This class is fun.
My classes are fun.
My teachers and my assignments are fun.
8. Prepositional Phrases A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition
(on, to, in, or with) and its object (the noun or pronoun
Preposition + Object = Prepositional Phrase
on the roof on the roof
to Leah’s apartment to Leah’s apartment
in my Spanish class in my Spanish class
with her with her
9. Remember Two Important Things about Prepositional Phrases: A prepositional phrase doesn’t make sense by itself, so it can’t be a complete sentence.
In the front row.
The student in the front row is smart.
10. The subject of a sentence will never be found inside a prepositional phrase.
Each student in this room is intelligent.
All students in this room are intelligent.
11. Identifying Verbs All sentences have at least one verb.
The verb explains what the subject is doing (action
verb) or connects the subject to words that describe it
That student works hard.
That student is industrious.
12. Helping Verbs I love grammar.
Everyone should love grammar.
Soon you will love grammar too.
We are loving it already.
I have loved grammar all my life.
13. Word of caution: At times, verb forms (usually ending in –ing) can be
the subject of a sentence.
I am going to the mall.
Going to the mall is my favorite pastime.
14. To review simple sentences, see Chapter 15.