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Sudan. By: Harper Griffin. Muslim Countries: A Current Events Project. Geography. Tropical in South, arid desert in North, rainy season varies by region (April to November) Location= Northern Africa, between Egypt and Eritrea Slightly more than ¼ of US

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by harper griffin

Sudan

By: Harper Griffin

Muslim Countries: A Current Events Project

geography
Geography
  • Tropical in South, arid desert in North, rainy season varies by region (April to November)
  • Location= Northern Africa, between Egypt and Eritrea
  • Slightly more than ¼ of US
  • Generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far South, Northeast, and West; desert dominates the North
  • Lowest Point= Red Sea (0 m)
  • Highest Point= Kinveti (3,187 m)
general information
General Information

ETHNIC GROUPS

  • Sudanese (70%)
  • Other= Fur, Beja, Noba, Fallata

RELIGION

  • Sunni Muslim
  • Small Christian Minority

LANGUAGES

  • Official= Arabic & English
  • Other= Nubian, Ta, Bedawie, Fur

POPULATION

  • Total= 45,047,502
  • In Comparison to World= 29%
more population statistics
More population Statistics

Female

Male

  • 0- 14 years= 42.1%
  • Female= 9,286,894
  • 15-64 years= 55.2%
  • Female= 12,571,424
  • 64 years and over= 2.7%
  • Female= 596, 559
  • 0- 14 years= 42.1%
  • Male= 9,696,726
  • 15- 64 years= 55.2%
  • Male= 12,282,082
  • 64 years and over= 2.7%
  • Male= 613,817
education
Education

LITERACY RATES

  • Total Population= 61.1%
  • Male= 71.8%
  • Female= 50.5%
  • Amount of Budget Spent on Education= 15.5%
  • School Life Expectancy= 4 years
health
Health

INFANT MORTALITY RATES

  • Total= 68 deaths per 1,000 live births
  • Male= 68 deaths per 1,000 live births
  • Female= 67 deaths per 1,000 live births

LIFE EXPECTANCY

  • Total= 55 years
  • Male= 54 years
  • Female= 56 years
more health facts
More Health Facts
  • Sudan has the 2nd worst healthcare in the world
  • Percent of budget spent on healthcare= 2.2%
  • Approximately 9 doctors per every 100,000 people
  • Children under 5 that are underweight= 31.7%
  • Risk of infectious disease= very high
  • Children that die before age 5= 10%
government
Government

TYPE

  • Government of National Unity
  • Power Sharing Government
  • NCP (national congress party) is a major partner

LEGAL SYSTEM

  • Mixed between Islamic law and English common law in the South

CURRENT LEADER

  • Omar Hassa Ahmad Al Bashir (president and head of NCP)
economics
Economics

INCOME PER CAPITA

  • $2,300
  • Population below poverty line= 40%

INDUSTRIES

  • Agriculture, oil, cotton, ginning, textiles, cement, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, ornaments, and more
relations with the united states
Relations With The United States
  • Sudan was once shunned by Washington for providing a haven for Osama Bin Laden and other international outlaws
  • Now it is an ally and a crucial intelligence asset to the CIA
  • Sudan’s agents have penetrated networks that would not normally be accessible to America
  • Sudan is credited with detaining foreign militants on their way to join anti-American fighters there in the Iraq war
  • Sudanese agents have helped the CIA monitor organizations in Somalic and other places
human rights introduction
Human Rights Introduction
  • Sudan has underwent 20 years of conflict recently ended by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
  • Now Sudan continues to face serious challenges including . . .
  • Armed conflicts, poor health, lack of social services, natural disasters, food insecurity, and acute malnutrition.
  • From a humanitarian perspective, Sudan has reached a critical point.
human rights
Human Rights
  • In the past, conflicts between the government and rebel groups have resulted in rape, torture, killings, several crucifixions, and massive genocides
  • Sudan has one of the worst child soldier problems in the world
  • 17,000 children fighting for the government serve as human mine detectors, participate in suicide missions, and act as spies under the threat of death
  • Flogging is common and penalties under Sudanese law can include a fine and up to 40 lashes
women s rights
Women’s Rights
  • Violence against women, including rape, is widespread
  • Recently, Sudanese authorities arrested 13 women and girls because they were wearing pants as opposed to “women’s clothes”
  • They were fined and flogged for “indecent and immoral dress that causes annoyance to public feelings”
bibliography
Bibliography
  • CIA Word Factbook. Web. <http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worl-factbook/geos/su.html>.
  • "Omar Al Bashir." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar-al-Bashir>.
  • Web. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/apr/30/sudan.asc>.
  • Www.huuc55.org. Web. <http://www.huuc55.org>.
  • “Dafur.” www.unifusa.com.Web.<http://uniccfusa.org/work/emergencies/dafur
  • Web. www.bbc.com. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12033185>
  • “Human Rights.” www.wikipedia.com. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/human-rights-in-sudan#abuses-in-conflict-settings
  • Web. www.one.org.com <http://one.org/clus/hottopic/3615/?gclid=c
  • “Doctors Without Borders” www.docterswithoutborders.org. Web. <www.docterswithoutborders.org/news/article.cfm?1q=2475
  • Web. www.farmlandgrab.org. <http://farmlandgrab.org/14648
  • “Health in Sudan” www.wikipedia.com. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health-in-Sudan
  • “Sudanese” www.bahrelghazal.com. Web. <http://www.bahrelghazal sudanese.net/photo-gallery>
  • Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar-al-Bashir>
  • Web. <http://www.flagshop.co.uk/sudan-flag.227-p.asp>
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