NC Early Grade Retention in the Age of Accountability. Sharon Palsha, Ph.D UNC-CH School of Education/FPG Fellow Kindergarten Readiness Issues Group Partners in Research Forum. Mary Bushnell, NC Child Care Resource & Referral Network Dick Clifford, FPG Diane Early, FPG
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Sharon Palsha, Ph.D
UNC-CH School of Education/FPG Fellow
Kindergarten Readiness Issues Group
Partners in Research Forum
Dick Clifford, FPG
Diane Early, FPG
Engin Konanc, NC Department of Public Instruction
Kelly Maxwell, FPG
Sharon Palsha, FPG & UNC School of Education
Lucy Roberts, NC Department of Public InstructionKindergarten Readiness Issues Group Partners in Research Forum
*Per pupil capital expense, 5-year average
2001-02 vs 2005-06
Much of research across all grades suggests that retention is not helpful (Holmes, 1989)
Retention is associated with school dropout (NC Education Research Council, 1999)What does research say about retention in the early grades?