government. Institution and processes thought which public policies are made for a society. Public goods. Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share. politics.
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The process by which we select our gov leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved inn politics at any given point in time
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason
A theory of gov politics conteding that societies are ddivided along class lines and that an upperclass elite will rule regardless of the formal niceties of governmental orginazation.
A nations basic law. It creates political institutions assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizens
Documents approved by representatives of the american colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the british monarch and declared their independence.
Rights inherent to human beings, not dependent governments, which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke.
The first constitution of the us. Articles established a national legislature, the continental congress, but most authority rested with the states.
A series of attacks on the courthouses by a small band of farmers led by revolutionary war captain Daniel Shay to block foreclosure proceedings
Proposal at the constitutional convention that called for equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population
Proposal at constitutional convention that calles for representation of each state in congress in proportion to the states share of us constitution.
Compromise at consititutional convention that established two houses of congess: the house of representatives (representation based on population) and senate ( 2 representatives each)
Features of the constitution that limit governments power by requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.
Three branches of gov- executive, legislative, and judicial, -to be relitavely independent of the others so that one cannot control the others.
1803-chief justice john marshall and his associated first asserted the rights of the supreme court to determine the meaning of the us constitution. The decision established the courts power of judicial review.
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.
Article 5 of constitution- constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when national gov is acting whithin its constitutional limits
1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over the state gov. in deciding this case, chief justice john marshall and his colleaugues held that congress had certain implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the constitution
Powers of the federal gov. that are specifically addressed in the constitution; for congress, these powers are listed in article 1, section 8, and include the power to coin money, regulate its value, and impose taxes.
Powers of federal gov that go beyond those enumerated poweers in the constitution. The constitution states that congress has the power to “ make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution”
The final paragraph of article 1, section 8 which authorizes congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers
System of gov. in which both the states and the national gov remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
Pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national gov relations with the state abdkocal governments
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or “categories” of state and local spending. They come with strings attatched, such as nondiscrimination provision
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities ti support broad programs in areas such as community develpoment and social services