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government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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government. Institution and processes thought which public policies are made for a society. Public goods. Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share. politics.

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Presentation Transcript
slide6

The process by which we select our gov leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues

slide8

All the activities ised by citizens to influence the selection of the political leaders or policies they pursue.

slide10

Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise,andoftendraw a membershipfrom people new to politics.

slide17

The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved inn politics at any given point in time

slide19

A choice that government makes in response to a political issue a policy is a course of action taken with regard.

slide23

A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason

slide25

A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that descirbes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers

slide27

A theory of government politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies

slide29

A theory of gov politics conteding that societies are ddivided along class lines and that an upperclass elite will rule regardless of the formal niceties of governmental orginazation.

slide33

A nations basic law. It creates political institutions assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizens

slide35

Documents approved by representatives of the american colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the british monarch and declared their independence.

slide37

Rights inherent to human beings, not dependent governments, which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke.

slide41

The first constitution of the us. Articles established a national legislature, the continental congress, but most authority rested with the states.

slide43

A series of attacks on the courthouses by a small band of farmers led by revolutionary war captain Daniel Shay to block foreclosure proceedings

slide45

Interest groups arising from the unequal distribution of property or wealth attacked in federalist paper NO. 10.

slide47

Proposal at the constitutional convention that called for equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population

slide49

Proposal at constitutional convention that calles for representation of each state in congress in proportion to the states share of us constitution.

slide51

Compromise at consititutional convention that established two houses of congess: the house of representatives (representation based on population) and senate ( 2 representatives each)

slide53

Features of the constitution that limit governments power by requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.

slide56

Three branches of gov- executive, legislative, and judicial, -to be relitavely independent of the others so that one cannot control the others.

slide62

The first ten amendments to the constitution, drafted in response to some of the antifederalist concerns.

slide65

1803-chief justice john marshall and his associated first asserted the rights of the supreme court to determine the meaning of the us constitution. The decision established the courts power of judicial review.

slide67

Power of courts to determine whether acts of congress, and by implication the executive, are in accord with the us constitution.

slide69

A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.

way of organizing gov so that all power resides in a central gov most common form of gov

Way of organizing gov so that all power resides in a central gov. (most common form of gov.)

slide75

Article 5 of constitution- constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when national gov is acting whithin its constitutional limits

slide77

“powers not delegated to the us constitution, nor prohibited by stated, are reserved respectively to the people”

slide79

1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over the state gov. in deciding this case, chief justice john marshall and his colleaugues held that congress had certain implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the constitution

slide81

Powers of the federal gov. that are specifically addressed in the constitution; for congress, these powers are listed in article 1, section 8, and include the power to coin money, regulate its value, and impose taxes.

slide83

Powers of federal gov that go beyond those enumerated poweers in the constitution. The constitution states that congress has the power to “ make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution”

slide85

The final paragraph of article 1, section 8 which authorizes congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers

slide87

System of gov. in which both the states and the national gov remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.

slide89

System of gov in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national governments

slide91

Pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national gov relations with the state abdkocal governments

slide93

Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or “categories” of state and local spending. They come with strings attatched, such as nondiscrimination provision

slide95

Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities ti support broad programs in areas such as community develpoment and social services

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