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Building Connections and Sharing Education Resources in Judicial Education. Victor Hall, General Secretary, European Judicial Training Network The Honourable Justice Thea P. Herman, National Judicial Institute Sandra E. Oxner , Chair, Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute

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Building connections and sharing education resources in judicial education

Building Connections and Sharing Education Resources in Judicial Education

Victor Hall, General Secretary, European Judicial Training Network

The Honourable Justice Thea P. Herman,National Judicial Institute

Sandra E. Oxner, Chair, Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute

4th International Conference on the Training of the JudiciarySydney, Australia



National judicial institute
National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

The Canadian Context:

  • Federal state

  • Large country

  • Diverse population

  • Bijural and bilingual

  • First Nations/Aboriginal peoples


National judicial institute1
National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

The model:

A single national, bilingual education body providing overall coordinating and information-sharing function with respect to judicial education in Canada

The ‘repository’ and ‘inventory’ of judicial education expertise in Canada


National judicial institute2
National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

NJI programming and resources –

  • 85 programs annually:

  • Court-based programming

  • NJI programs

  • Online programs

  • Other resources:

    • Judicial Library

    • Bench Books

    • Modules


  • European judicial training network
    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Organising Pan-Continental Legal Training

    • European Judicial Training Network Mission Statement

    • Imperatives at European level

    • Membership

    • Supremacy of European Law> commonality

    • Genesis and political iterations

    • Mutual recognition/area of freedom, security and justice


    Commonwealth judicial education institute cjei
    Commonwealth Judicial Judicial EducationEducation Institute (CJEI)

    • Establishing the CJEI

    • Examples of Various Connections

      • CJEI Patrons

      • CJEI Fellows

      • CJEI Report

      • CJEI Biennial Meetings

      • CJEI Programmes


    B. Judicial EducationUsing the Connections in Support of Judicial Education


    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Implementation:

    • Need for inclusivity

    • All members are equal, however large or small

    • Wealth of country irrelevant

    • Differential membership fees based on GDP

    • Equality of voting

    • Rule change to give Steering Committee discretion

    • Open to corps judiciaire of all EU countries


    European judicial training network1
    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Implementation (ii):

    • Structure:

      • General Assembly

      • Secretary General

      • Steering Committee

      • Working Groups and sub-groups

        • Programmes WG with 4 sub-groups

        • Exchange Programme WG

        • Technologies WG

        • External Relations WG


    Commonwealth judicial education institute cjei1
    Commonwealth Judicial Judicial EducationEducation Institute (CJEI)

    • CJEI Gateway

      - Commonwealth electronic linkage network for judicial education materials


    National judicial institute3
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

    Supporting the Network:

    • Judicial Faculty Development

    • International Judicial Faculty Development

    • Court Education Chairs Programs

    • Judge-led course design, planning and delivery

    • Judicial Associates

    • Education Guides

    • In the future?: College of Judicial Educators


    National judicial institute4
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

    NJI Educational Modules

    Example:

    Communicating in the Moment


    National judicial institute5
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education


    National judicial institute6
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education


    National judicial institute7
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education


    C. Challenges in Maintaining Networks – Judicial Education

    The Way Forward


    Commonwealth judicial education institute cjei2
    Commonwealth Judicial Judicial EducationEducation Institute (CJEI)

    • Challenges

    • Techniques for Overcoming Challenges


    National judicial institute8
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

    Challenges in Maintaining Networks:

    Domestically

    • Keeping open lines of communication

    • Different commitment, cultures, needs and approaches of partners

    • Making bilingualism effective and relevant

    • Depends on volunteer time by judges


    National judicial institute9
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

    Challenges in Maintaining Networks (ii):

    Internationally (JEDNET)

    • JEDNET – international project aimed at determining how to build and sustain networks, and share knowledge between judicial education bodies:

      • time/resources/staff

      • protecting judicial independence; promoting judicial ownership and leadership

      • difficult to sustain


    National judicial institute10
    National Judicial Institute Judicial Education

    Challenges in Maintaining Networks (iii):

    Network has to have ongoing value for participants


    European judicial training network2
    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Challenges:

    • Independence of the judiciary

    • Reciprocal enforcement > mutual trust

      • Size of geographical area and population

      • Independence from political input

      • Confidence in other judiciaries/level of judge giving judgement

      • Application of underlying law

      • Confidence, in and uniformity of training and its quality


    European judicial training network3
    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Challenges (ii):

    • Incorporation of European Law principles into national law

    • Levels of the judiciary trained nationally varies

      • Induction

      • Continuation

      • Junior versus higher ranked judges

    • Time made available – “judge release time”

    • Consensus politics –lowest common denominator?


    European judicial training network4
    European Judicial Training Network Judicial Education

    Challenges (iii):

    • Linguistics

    • Differing levels of participation

    • Downgrading importance of European Law nationally

    • Many different, national factors at work across the continent


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