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Nuclear Energy in Korea. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Ambassador for Energy and Resources KIM Eun-seok. Contents. Part Ⅰ . Nuclear Energy Overview Current Status of Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy?. Part Ⅱ . Nuclear Energy in Korea Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

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Nuclear energy in korea

Nuclear Energy in Korea

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Ambassador for Energy and Resources

KIM Eun-seok


Nuclear energy in korea

Contents

  • PartⅠ. Nuclear Energy Overview

    • Current Status of Nuclear Energy

    • WhyNuclear Energy?

  • PartⅡ. Nuclear Energy in Korea

    • Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

    • Nuclear Policy

    • Nuclear Industries in Korea

2


Nuclear energy in korea

PartⅠ. Nuclear Energy Overview


Nuclear energy in korea

1

Current Status of Global Nuclear Power

2

Why Nuclear Energy?


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Current Status of Nuclear Power

441 Units in Operation (30 Countries)

441 Units in Operation (30 Countries)

Source: World Nuclear Association (Nov 2010)

5


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Current Status of Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power Plants by Country (2010.11)

6

Source: World Nuclear Association (Nov 2010)


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Why Nuclear Energy?

Uranium: 240 yrsvsFossil Fuel: 40-130 yrs

7


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Why Nuclear Energy?

Environmentally Friendly: : Less CO2 Emission

GHGs emitted by power generation

CO2 Emission (g/kWh)

Coal

Oil

Gas

NE

Without NPP …

- Global CO2 emission would be 10% larger than the current level

- In Korea, 24%↑

8


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Why Nuclear Energy?

Comparative Advantage: Cost, Land & Efficiency

◊Production Cost: 3~25 times lower than conventional energy

※ Unit: KRW/KWH, Source:Korean Electric Power Corporation

◊Land Site: 5~500 times less

165,000,000 m2

33,000,000 m2

330,000 m2

Landsite to produce 1 GWh electricity

9


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Why Nuclear Energy?

Energy Security

Uranium: Widely spread vs. Fossil fuel: dependent on ME & Russia

uranium

coal

oil

10


Nuclear energy in korea

PartⅡ. Nuclear Energy in Korea


Nuclear energy in korea

1

Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

2

Nuclear Policy

3

Nuclear Industries


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

The 1st Research Reactor in Korea, TRIGA Mark II

The 1st president of Korea in the ground breaking ceremony (1959.7.14)

Dawning of Nuclear Age in Korea

1950-1953 : Korean War

1958: Nuclear Eng. Dept of Hanyang Univ.

1959: Nuclear Eng. Dept of Seoul National Univ.

1959: Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute

13


Nuclear energy in korea

Kori - the site of the 1st Korean NPP :

before (top) and now (bottom).

1st unit of Nuclear power plant started its construction

in 1972

Turn Key basis

587MWe

Commercial operation in 1978

Life extension after 30 years operation (2007.12)

1. Development of NuclearEnergy in Korea

Generating Nuclear Electricity in Korea

14


Nuclear energy in korea

`

In operation

20 units

(17,716 MW)

`

Under

construction

8 units

(9,600 MW)

`

Under

planning

10 units

(15,400 MW)

Nuclear Power Plants

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

6th Largest Nuclear Power Capacity in the World

Ulchin

8 units

Wolseong

6 units

Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility

(Under construction)

Kori

8 units

Yong-gwang

6 units

Goal by 2030 (Basic Plan, 2008.8)

26%  41% of Capacity

36%  59% of Generation

In Operation

Under Construction

15


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

Installed Capacity & Electricity Generation

)

16

16


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

NPP Development

17


Nuclear energy in korea

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

South Korean Nuclear Power Units

Source: Nuclear News. World List of Nuclear Power Plants, March 2009

18


Nuclear energy in korea

1st Phase : Gen II

2nd Phase : Gen III

3rd Phase : Gen III+

4th Phase : Gen IV

1980s

2000s

2010s

2020s

2030s

1970s

1990s

1. Development of Nuclear Energy in Korea

Korean Nuclear Reactor Systems

Localization

Revolutionary

- SFR : U recycle and

waste minimization

- VHTR : Hydrogen

production

Evolutionary PWRs

- APR1400

- SMART(330MWt)

Standardization (KSNP)

Optimization (OPR1000)

1,000 MWe

Turn-key base

600 MWe

19


Nuclear energy in korea

Peaceful uses of nuclear energy in all nuclear fields

4 Principles on the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (2004)

Basic Direction

Promoting Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

Securing Nuclear Safety

Enhancing Nuclear Transparency

No intention to develop and possess nuclear weapons

Adherence to the principle of nuclear transparency

Compliance with the international norms of nuclear nonproliferation

Expansion of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy

2. Nuclear Policy

National Nuclear Policy

20


Nuclear energy in korea

Nuclear Related Government Structure

2. Nuclear Policy

Nuclear Related Government Structure

President

Prime Minister

Atomic Energy Commission

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT)

Ministry of Education, Science & Technology (MEST)

Nuclear Safety Commission

Ministry of Knowledge

& Economy (MKE)

Energy & Resources Policy Office

Atomic Energy

Bureau

Energy Team

Korea Atomic Energy

Research Institute

(KAERI)

Disarmament and Nonproliferation Division

Korea Institute of

Nuclear Safety

(KINS)

KEPCO, KHNP

21


Nuclear energy in korea

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST)

Nuclear Industries (KHNP, etc)

KINS

(Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety)

2. Nuclear Policy

Working Mechanism of Safety Regulation

Apply for Permit or License

Request Technical Review

Issue Permit or License

Submit Technical Evaluation Results

Technical Discussion & Inspection

Inspection & Correction

Findings & Improvement

22


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Nuclear Policy

Energy Vision 2030

An Energy-Conscious Society

Increased Clean Energy Supply

Oil Dependence: 43.4% 33%

Renewable Energy Use:2.4% 11%

Energy Intensity:0.341 0.185

Improving Efficiency

Increasing Use of Renewable Energy

Expanding and Promoting

Nuclear Power Generation

Establishing an Effective Energy Market

with Cost-Based Pricing

Green-Driven Growth

Coping with Climate Change

Elevating Korea’s Green Technologies

to the Advanced countries’ Level

Actively Joining International Efforts for GHG Reduction

Facilitating Carbon Market

Firm Foundation for Green Energy Tech

Green Transformation in Major Industries

Supporting Businesses for GHG Cuts

23

23


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Nuclear Policy

Korea’s Energy Mix 2007 → 2030

Renewable & etc

2.5%

Renewable & etc

11.5%

Coal

15.7%

Nuclear

14.9%

Coal

25.3%

LNG

13.8%

Nuclear

27.8%

Oil

33.0%

Oil

43.4%

LNG 12.0%

2007 : 241millionTOE

2030 : 300millionTOE

Expansion of clean and self sufficient energy

Reduction of fossil fuel

83%

27.8%

Nuclear

61%

43.4

Oil

14.9%

33.0

New & renewable

11%

25.3

Coal

2.4%

15.7

13.8

LNG

12.0

’07

’30

’07

’30

24


Nuclear energy in korea

2. Nuclear Policy

Expected Change by 2030

  • Expanding and Promoting Nuclear Power Generation

  • 8 units under construction, 10 more units by 2030

  • Installed capacity : 24.4% in 2007 →41% by 2030

  • Electricity generation : 36% in 2007 → 60% by 2030

25


Nuclear energy in korea

3. Nuclear Industries

World’s Best Operation Performance

KHNP

Unplanned Capability Loss Factor

Capacity Factor

26


Nuclear energy in korea

3. Nuclear Industries

Cost Competitiveness of APR1400

$3,582

$3,050

$2,900

$2,900

$2,800

KHNP

$2,050

Unit Construction Cost ($/kWe)

USA

RUS

JPN

FRA

CAN

KOR

AP1000

VVER1000

ABWR

APR1400

EPR

ACR1000

Overnight EPC Cost

as of 2008

※ Source: World Nuclear News (World Nuclear Association, 2008)

6.86¢

4.65¢

3.93¢

3.71¢

3.03¢

3.17¢

USA

RUS

JPN

FRA

CAN

KOR

Unit Generation Cost (cents/kWh)

AP1000

VVER1000

ABWR

APR1400

EPR

ACR1000

※ Source: Projected Costs of Generating Electricity (OECD/NEA, 2005)

27


Nuclear energy in korea

3. Nuclear Industries

Korean Nuclear Industry

Regulatory Body

LeadingCompany

Ministry of Education,

Science & Technology

  • Brand Power

  • Leading Role

  • Financing Capability

  • Global Experience

Nuclear Safety

Research and Development

Licensing

Inspection

Operation & Management

Construction

Design & Engineering

Nuclear Fuel

Maintenance & Services

Equipment Manufacturing

30years of repetitive construction fostered competitive domestic suppliers in the entire nuclear cycle

28


Nuclear energy in korea

Feb., 1995

3. Nuclear Industries

HANARO Reactor

High-flux

Advanced

Neutron

Application

ReactOr

Multi-purpose Research Reactor

29


Nuclear energy in korea

Innovative Design

  • Integrated Primary System PWR (No LBLOCA)

  • Physically Inherent Safety Features

  • Advanced Man-Machine Interface System

SMART (330MWt)

Loop Type PWR

3. Nuclear Industries

SMART Characteristics

PZR

RCP

X

SGC

X

X

X

X

Reactor

Core

X

Enhanced Reactor Safety by 10~100 times

Water and electricity for 100,000 people

30


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