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VY_32_INOVACE_14-17. BRITISH LITERATURE V. Victorian literature Literature of the 20th century. Victorian period. 1837 - 1875 period of prosperity, wealth of the upper classes , worse position of workers

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British literature v

VY_32_INOVACE_14-17

BRITISH LITERATURE V

Victorianliterature

Literatureofthe 20th century


Victorian period

Victorian period

1837 - 1875

  • period of prosperity, wealthoftheupperclasses, worsepositionofworkers

  • prose – criticalrealists, deepsocialdifferences, objectiveobservation

  • LateVictorian Period:

    • greateconomic crisis in 1875, beforeandduring WWI, vastnumberoftendencies in literature, individualinterpretationsoflife, pessimisticatmosphere


Greatest representative

Greatest representative

  • CHARLES DICKENS (1812 – 1870)

    • oneoftheworld´s most famousnovelists

    • describesthelifeofpoorpeople, esp. children

    • worked in a factoryfrom 12

    • his father – debts- imprisoned

    • latereducated, became a clerk X money spoilthim


Charles dickens

Charles Dickens

Autor: Neznámý, Název: Collier's Dickens Charles.png

Zdroj:

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Collier%27s_Dickens_Charles.png


Dickens work

Dickens` work

  • ‘ThePickwickPapers’

    • writtenfornewspapers

      • witty, humorous, allclasses´characters, slight ironystrongsatire

  • ‘Oliver Twist’

    • describes a poorhousewhere O.T. isbroughtup

    • his destiny, inheritance

    • happy ending Dickens` feature

  • ‘Nicholas Nickleby’

    • critisizes English system of education

  • ‘David Copperfield’

    • sad realistic story, autobiographical features

  • ‘The Little Dorit’

    • critisizes the British state system, prisons

  • ‘Great Expectations’

  • ‘A Christmas Carol’


Other authors

Other authors

WIILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY (1811-63)

‘Vanity Fair’ - many characters, no hero, mixingplots

BRONTË Sisters

Charlotte (1816-55) - novelist:

‘Jane Eyre’

- womanequal to man – shock

Emily(1818-49) - poetry, prose

Anne(1820-49) - prose

THOMAS HARDY

(1840-1928)

-pessimism, 14 novels, many stories, 900 poems‘Far from the Madding Crowd’

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON

(1850 – 94)

  • from Edinburgh, advocate, ill – TBC

    ‘Treasure Island’ -adventurous story

    ‘The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’

    -good and evil sides of human soul


Drama

Drama

  • OSCAR WILDE(1854 – 1900)

    • return to comedy, brilliantwit, satire, amusingsituations, inspired by folklore, ballads, Irish

    • comedies:

      • AnIdealHusband’

      • ‘Lady Windemere´s Fan’

      • ‘TheImportanceofBeing Ernest’

    • Novel:

      • ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’

    • Fairy Tales:

      • ‘Happy Prince’, ‘TheNightingaleandThe Rose’


Oscar wilde

Oscar Wilde

Autor: Napoleon Sarony, Název: Oscar Wilde.jpg

Zdroj:

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oscar_Wilde.jpg


Between wwi and wwii

RUDYARD KIPLING

‘Jungle Book’

JOSEPH CONRAD

‘Lord Jim’

ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

‘The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes’

‘The Hound of the Baskervilles’

JAMES JOYCE

Stream of Consciousness

‘The Dublinners’

‘Ulysses’

JOHN GALSWORTHY

‘The Forsyte Saga’

Between WWI and WWII


20th century po etry

20th century poetry

  • poetry:

    • patriotic - heroic deeds of soldiers

    • pessimistic – uselessness, disaster of the world

  • W.B. YEATS

  • T. S. ELLIOT

    • ‘The Waste Land’


Prose after wwii

WILLIAM GOLDING

‘Lord of the Flies’

H.G.WELLS

‘Time Machine’

SAMUEL BECKET

‘Waiting for Godot’

- absurd drama

GRAHAM GREEN

‘The Ministry of Fear’

‘The Quiet American’

ANGRY YOUNG MEN

50`s

Kingsley Amis

‘Lucky Jim’

J. Braine

‘Room at the Top’

J. Osborn

AGATHA CHRISTIE

Queen of Detective Fiction

‘Ten Little Negroes’

Prose after WWII


D rama and wars

Dramaandwars

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW

1856 – 1950, Irish

  • disagreementwithcapitalism

  • socialfeeling – socialplays = criticismofthe society

  • master ofspokenword = Speaker`s Corner

  • Nobel Prize

    • ‘Pygmalion’(1912) – satire on high society’My Fair Lady’

    • ‘The Warren`sProfession’

    • ‘Joan of Arc’


George bernard shaw

George Bernard Shaw

Autor: Neznámý, Název: George Bernard Shaw - 1889.jpg

Zdroj:

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_Bernard_Shaw_-_1889.jpg


Present times

Present times

  • GEORGE ORWELL

    • ‘Animal Farm’

    • ‘1984’

  • J.R.R. TOLKIEN

    • ‘The Lord of the Rings’

  • J.K.ROWLING

    • ‘Harry Potter’


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention.

Autor DUM: Mgr. DarinaSikorová


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