The adams administration
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 32

The Adams Administration PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Adams Administration. The Constitution in Crisis. 1797-1801. USHC 1.5

Download Presentation

The Adams Administration

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The adams administration

The Adams Administration

The Constitution in Crisis

1797-1801


The adams administration

USHC 1.5

Explain how the fundamental principle of limited government is protected by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, including democracy, republicanism, federalism, the separation of powers, the system of checks and balances, and individual rights.

USHC 1.6

Analyze the development of the two-party system during the presidency of George Washington, including controversies over domestic and foreign policies and the regional interests of the [Jeffersonian] Republicans and the Federalists.


Washington s farewell address

Washington’s Farewell Address

WARNINGS:

Political Partisanship

Sectionalism

Foreign Entanglements

Respect the Constitution


The adams administration1

The Adams Administration

ACTIONS:

Political Partisanship

Sectionalism

Foreign Entanglements

Respect the Constitution


The election of 1796

The Election of 1796

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

VS.

FEDERALIST

REPUBLICAN


The adams administration

SECTIONALISM

1796

1800


The endurance of sectionalism

The Endurance of Sectionalism


The adams administration

The Constitution, as originally written, made no provisions for political parties. The original formula for the selection of the President and Vice President reflected this.


The results

The Results:

John Adams,

President

Thomas Jefferson,

Vice President

FEDERALIST

REPUBLICAN


Partisan newspapers

Partisan Newspapers

Gazette of the United States

(Federalist)

National Gazette

(Republican)


The adams administration

tOOTHLESS

BLIND

old

crippled

Bald

Adams

Querulous


The griswold lyon fight

The Griswold-Lyon Fight

1798


The adams administration

I’ve got 99 problems… Partisanship’s only one.


The quasi war

The “Quasi-War”

Undeclared naval conflict between the US and France (1798-1800).

The XYZ Affair

http://www.orangesmile.com/ru/foto/ocean-maps-eng.htm


The adams administration

To the wicked, everything serves as a pretext.

Voltaire


The alien and sedition acts

The Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

  • Allowed the President to deport undesirable aliens

  • Extended the residency requirement for citizenship from 5 to 14 years

Naturalization Act

Alien Friends Act

Alien Enemies Act

Constitutional?


Were the alien acts constitutional

Were the Alien Acts constitutional?

From Article I, Section 8:

To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization…

DELEGATED


The alien and sedition acts1

The Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Outlawed the publication of "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government

EXPIRATION DATE: 3/4/1801

  • Sedition Act

Constitutional?


Was the sedition act constitutional

Was the Sedition Act constitutional?

From Amendment I:

Congress shall make no law… abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press…

RESERVED


Epic fail

EPIC FAIL

The Sedition Act violated the Constitution on two counts:

  • Free Speech & Press (1st)

  • States’ Rights (10th)

Clip from HBO’s John Adams (2:46)


What now

What Now?


Virginia and kentucky resolutions

Virginiaand Kentucky Resolutions


The adams administration

Federalist No. 10

AMONG the numerous advantages promised by a well constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction…


Virginia kentucky resolutions

Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions

1798

Madison

Jefferson

Protest Resolutions

Passed by

state legislatures

COMPACT THEORY

The Constitution is a compact (agreement) between the states, and they have the authority to interpret it.


Virginia kentucky resolutions1

Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions

1798

Madison

Jefferson

How far can states go in resisting unconstitutional laws passed by the federal government?

INTERPOSITION

NULLIFICATION


The adams administration

Kentucky Resolutions

In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down…by the chains of the Constitution.


The adams administration

Jefferson

to John Taylor of Caroline

“A little patience, and we shall see the reign of witches pass over, their spells dissolve, and the people, recovering their true sight, restore their government to its true principles.”


The adams administration

REVOLUTION?

1796

1800


And congress too

…and Congress, too!


  • Login