The Adams Administration. The Constitution in Crisis. 1797-1801. USHC 1.5
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The Constitution in Crisis
Explain how the fundamental principle of limited government is protected by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, including democracy, republicanism, federalism, the separation of powers, the system of checks and balances, and individual rights.
Analyze the development of the two-party system during the presidency of George Washington, including controversies over domestic and foreign policies and the regional interests of the [Jeffersonian] Republicans and the Federalists.
Respect the Constitution
Respect the Constitution
The Constitution, as originally written, made no provisions for political parties. The original formula for the selection of the President and Vice President reflected this.
Gazette of the United States
I’ve got 99 problems… Partisanship’s only one.
Undeclared naval conflict between the US and France (1798-1800).
The XYZ Affair
To the wicked, everything serves as a pretext.
Alien Friends Act
Alien Enemies Act
From Article I, Section 8:
To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization…
Outlawed the publication of "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government
EXPIRATION DATE: 3/4/1801
From Amendment I:
Congress shall make no law… abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press…
The Sedition Act violated the Constitution on two counts:
Clip from HBO’s John Adams (2:46)
Federalist No. 10
AMONG the numerous advantages promised by a well constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction…
The Constitution is a compact (agreement) between the states, and they have the authority to interpret it.
How far can states go in resisting unconstitutional laws passed by the federal government?
In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down…by the chains of the Constitution.
to John Taylor of Caroline
“A little patience, and we shall see the reign of witches pass over, their spells dissolve, and the people, recovering their true sight, restore their government to its true principles.”