Reconstruction 1865 1877
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Reconstruction 1865-1877. I. Lincoln’s 10% Plan A. Pardoned all confederates except high ranking officials if swore allegiance. B. Can form new state governments and send federal representatives and senators as soon as 10% of state swore allegiance.

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Reconstruction 1865-1877

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Reconstruction 1865 1877

Reconstruction 1865-1877

I. Lincoln’s 10% Plan

A. Pardoned all confederates except high ranking officials if swore allegiance.

B. Can form new state governments and send federal representatives and senators as soon as 10% of state swore allegiance.

C. Lincoln had to veto his own Republican party’s Wade-Davis Bill in congress that would have given them control over reconstruction.


Reconstruction 1865 1877

II. Johnson's Presidential Reconstruction

A. Johnson succeeded Lincoln after assassination. Only Senator from Confederate state to stay with Union.

B. Plan – States must declare succession illegal, swear allegiance, and ratify the 13th amendment. Johnson ends up giving pardons to most southern leaders.


Reconstruction 1865 1877

III. Congressional Reconstruction Plan

A. Overrides Johnson’s veto’s on not

admitting southern legislators, increasing

the Freedmen's Bureau, and stopped

black codes.

B. Want land, votes, and protection for

blacks – pass 14th amendment, but not ratified by the states.

C. 1886 Republicans sweep election and

pass Reconstruction Act which divides

south into 5 Military Districts. Requires

states to include 13, 14, 15th amendments into their state constitutions.


Johnson impeached

Johnson Impeached

  • Congress is upset with Johnson for being lenient on South. They pass an Act that prohibits the president from firing cabinet members without Senate approval to keep their ally, Sec. of War Stanton, in place.

  • Johnson still fires Stanton claiming the Act is unconstitutional. Johnson is impeached, but not convicted by 1 vote.

  • Johnson does not run for 2nd term, and war hero U.S. Grant elected in 1868.


Important terms

Important Terms

  • 13th Amendment – abolished slavery

  • 14th Amendment – gave slaves citizenship

  • 15th Amendment – slaves can vote

  • Freedmen’s Bureau – provides food, cloths, hospitals, education, and job training.

  • Black Codes – discriminatory laws that restricted black’s lives. Travel, etc.


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