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Jewish Holidays. Sabbath. A time to study Torah and provide services Special foods are prepared before the onset of the Sabbath The traditional purpose of the Sabbath was a compassionate one: it was to allow everyone, even slaves and animals, regular rest.

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Jewish Holidays

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Jewish holidays

Jewish Holidays


Jewish holidays

Sabbath

A time to study Torah and provide services

Special foods are prepared before the onset of the Sabbath

The traditional purpose of the Sabbath was a compassionate one: it was to allow everyone, even slaves and animals, regular rest.

Origins: God rested on the 7th day of creation

Begins at sunset on Friday and lasts until sunset on Saturday

Jews are required to refrain from many activities: driving, answering the phone, turning on an electric light etc.

A day of worship and celebration


Jewish holidays

Jewish New Year

Is observed for two days

A religious event involving both festivities and serious contemplation

Reflection on the deeds of the past year and on the need for redemption

The shofar, ram’s horn, is blown

It produces a solemn tone of warning to remind people that they stand before God

A time to pay off debts

Rosh Hashanah


Jewish holidays

Yom Kippur

  • Day of atonement= community ritual

    • To atone means to make up for one’s faults

    • This day has traditionally been kept by prayer and strict fasting, with no food or drink during the entire day

  • a day deeply personal and solemn

  • It emphasizes repentance through confession of sin

  • Confessions are said as a group= Unity


Jewish holidays

Reminder of the harvest

Festival of Booths (shelters)

In early days it was common for families to sleep outdoors in the fields during the autumn harvest season-

which enabled them to begin work in the fields early, to stay late, and to protect what they have harvested

Eating or sleeping in the shelters came to symbolize the period of wandering in the desert, before the Israelites entered the land of Canaan

A sukkah (Hebrew for shelter) is a shelter made of light wood

it is set up in or near the home

It is commonly decorated with branches and fruits

Succot


Jewish holidays

Commemorates the Jews (Macabees) overcoming the Syrians

Hanukkah

Feast of Lights

  • Rededication of the temple

  • Menorah-a candelabrum

Tradition says that oil that should have lasted only one day miraculously kept burning for eight days


Jewish holidays

Recalls the story of Ester

Ester becomes a queen

She finds out that Haman is turning the king against the Jews

Haman wants the king to kill the Jews

Ester risks her life when she goes to the king’s court without permission

She saves the Jewish people from the destruction

Aka Feast of Lots

Customary to have carnivals and masquerade parties

Purim


Jewish holidays

Pesah

  • Aka Passover

  • Commemorates the Escape from Egypt

  • The blood of the lamb killed for the Passover meal was placed over the doors of the Hebrews keeping the angel of death from entering their homes while the power of God “passed over” Egypt


Shavuot pentecost

Jewish Pentecost

Aka feast of weeks

Moses receives the 10 Commandments

Birthday of the Jewish religion

Shavuot = Pentecost


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