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Hebrews. Persevere in Jesus LESSON XIII. REVIEW. Let Us Persevere in Christ Three main questions Christ Who is He? Who is He not? Us What is our relation to Christ and God? What should we do? Persevere! What does that look like?. REVIEW.

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Hebrews

Hebrews

Persevere in Jesus

LESSON XIII


Review

REVIEW

  • Let Us Persevere in Christ

    • Three main questions

      • Christ

        • Who is He?

        • Who is He not?

      • Us

        • What is our relation to Christ and God?

        • What should we do?

      • Persevere!

        • What does that look like?


Review1

REVIEW

  • God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. (Hebrews 1:1-4 NKJ)


Review2

REVIEW

  • Let Us Persevere in Christ

    • Three main questions from vv. 1:1-4

      • Jesus Christ is:

        • Prophetic (how God spoke to us)

        • Appointed heir & created through

        • God made flesh (If you have seen Me...)

        • Sustainer of everything

        • The One Who purged our sins

        • and sits at God’s right hand

        • He is better than the Angels.

      • We

        • are those who receive God’s word

        • hear from the Son

        • are those whose sins He purged


Review3

REVIEW

  • Let Us Persevere in Christ

    • And We must

      • give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. (2:1)

      • consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus (3:1)

      • hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end. (3:6)

      • NOT harden our hearts (3:7)

      • take heed to ourselves and each other (3:11)

      • exhort each other daily (3:12)

      • fear lest any of [us] seem to have come short of [the promise]. (4:1b)

      • be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience. (4:11)

      • hold fast our confession. (4:14)

      • come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need. (4:16)

      • And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence to the full assurance of hope until the end,12 that you do not become sluggish, but imitate those who through faith and patience inherit the promises. (6:11-12)


Remember our jewish authorities

Remember our Jewish Authorities

  • We have noticed in Hebrews that Jesus is the Word of God, and is greater than:

    • The Angels

    • Moses

    • Aaron

    • Joshua

  • are messengers

  • is a prophet

  • is a priest

  • is a judge

  • What about Jesus?


Hebrews

  • For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," 3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually. 4 Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils. 5 And indeed those who are of the sons of Levi, who receive the priesthood, have a commandment to receive tithes from the people according to the law, that is, from their brethren, though they have come from the loins of Abraham; 6 but he whose genealogy is not derived from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises. 7 Now beyond all contradiction the lesser is blessed by the better. 8 Here mortal men receive tithes, but there he receives them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives. 9 Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, 10 for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him. 11 Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? (Hebrews 7:1-11 NKJ)


Melchizedek

Melchizedek

For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," 3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually

  • Another ponderous sentence!

    • A name and an office

      • Name: means “King of Righteousness”

      • Office: “Priest of El-Elyon.”

    • In contrast to the others kings of Abraham’s day:

      • Abraham killed some to save Lot

      • and refused to take any treasure from others.

      • But he pays the tithe to Melchizedek


Melchizedek1

Melchizedek

For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," 3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually

  • Another ponderous sentence!

    • The author had just mentioned Abraham sets the example of patient faith.

      • Therefore Melchizedek is greater because Abrahame tithed to him (v. 4).

    • His timeless, ungenerated quality:

      • Very few, if any, other heroes of the faith throughout Scripture crop up without at least one of these pieces of info.

      • The point is that this qulity reflects the perpetuity of Jesus own priesthood IN DIRECT CONTRAST to the LEVITICAL priesthood.


Who is melchizedek

Who is Melchizedek

For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," 3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually

  • Just briefly as a point of interest:

    • He could be a “pre-incarnate Christophany”

      • That is: Christ appearing to the faithful before His own birth.

    • OR

  • He could be Shem.

    • This theory preserves a greater notion of continuity in the book of Genesis

    • Hebrews seems to indicate that Jesus Christ is GREATER than Melchizedek:

      • Naming Jesus “Highpriest (chapter 5) in an order in which Melchizedek is only said to be “Priest.”

    • Have a look at the life-lines:


Melchizedek2

Melchizedek

4 Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils. 5 And indeed those who are of the sons of Levi, who receive the priesthood, have a commandment to receive tithes from the people according to the law, that is, from their brethren, though they have come from the loins of Abraham; 6 but he whose genealogy is not derived from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.

  • The Greatness of Melchizedek

    • Accounted through the tithe:

      • Greater than Abraham who tithed to him

      • Greater than the sons of Levi who are commanded to receive tithes,

        • because he receieved it from Abraham, their father.

    • Accounted through the blessing:

      • Greater in the fact that Melchizedek blesses Abraham.

        • In the Patriarchs, the one who has the promises always does the blessing to pass them along.


Melchizedek3

Melchizedek

. 7 Now beyond all contradiction the lesser is blessed by the better. 8 Here mortal men receive tithes, but there he receives them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives. 9 Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, 10 for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him.

  • The Greatness of Melchizedek’s Portrayal—

    • About Melchizedek as he portrays Jesus Christ:

      • Levi: the priesthood in time (signified by family tree)

      • Melchizedek: the timeless priesthood (signified by a poignent silence)

  • As a side point: why does this argument about paying tithes through the Fathers matter?

    • because if this is illegitimate, then we didn’t really sin in Adam, and have no need of a savior, only a teacher (as the Pelagians do vainly speak).


A quick realevance check

A Quick Realevance Check

  • Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, (Hebrews 8:1 NKJ)

    • This is our REALITY as Christians.

    • Remember, this is our certain, sure, immovable, eternal ANCHOR.

    • These are the guts or the circuitry of Justification by faith.

    • This exaplains WHY we want to be sanctified,

      • why we want to do good works

      • why we are able to do them at all

      • & why, when we do them, God is pleased.


Hebrews

  • Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law. 13 For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. 15 And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of Melchizedek, there arises another priest 16 who has come, not according to the law of a fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an endless life. 17 For He testifies: "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek." 18 For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness, 19 for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God. (Hebrews 7:11-19 NKJ)


A difficult task

Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law. 13 For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

A Difficult Task

  • In trying to teach Hebrews how not to be Hebrew:

    • Here is the New Testament Ground-Zero

  • Paul wrestles with this every time he deals with Judaizers:

    • How do you maintain that God’s Law is His unchanging, eternal Word, AND show the need to change it in light of Jesus Christ?

  • This is the point that will make ALL the difference between a Jewish and a Christian reading of the Scriptures.

    • This is the epicenter of the book of Hebrews.

    • everything else until now has been building up to this point.


A difficult task1

Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law. 13 For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

A Difficult Task

  • Here it is in verse 12:

    • A Change in the Priesthood = a change in the Law.

      • The Law requires Aaronic priesthood.

  • God’s eternal law changes?

  • NO. Not in principle, just in method.

    • The Old Testament (the first covenant, the first Law) was required of man, to show that man could not fulfill it.

      • It creates a sense of need

      • It asks a question

      • It is the shadow, not the One casting it.


A difficult task2

Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law. 13 For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

A Difficult Task

  • Jesus, in making the New Covenant in His blood,

    • answers the need

    • answers the question

    • IS the One to Whom the shadow that is the Law eternally belongs.

  • How does a guy from Judah make the perfect sacrifice?

    • He’s a different kind (order) of priest.

    • the kind the Aaronic priesthood always pointed to, but could never achieve.


A difficult task3

15 And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of Melchizedek, there arises another priest 16 who has come, not according to the law of a fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an endless life. 17 For He testifies: "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek." 18 For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness, 19 for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God.

A Difficult Task

  • The Law is “fleshly” insofar as it is just a series of regulations and protocol for people to follow, and insofar as it is done by those who die.

  • But Jesus dies

    • as Sacrifice (and Highpriest)

    • in fulfillment of the Law,

    • never breaking the Law at any point.

  • He rises to endless life, and endless Priestly office.

    • This is what the Law was always intended to prefigure (in it’s every detail)


A quick realevance check1

A Quick Realevance Check

  • Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, (Hebrews 8:1 NKJ)

    • This is our REALITY as Christians.

    • Remember, this is our certain, sure, immovable, eternal ANCHOR.

    • These are the guts or the circuitry of Justification by faith.

    • This exaplains WHY we want to be sanctified,

      • why we want to do good works

      • why we are able to do them at all

      • & why, when we do them, God is pleased.


Homework

Homework

Read Chapter 7 twice.

Check a couple different translations if you can


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