Early buddhist art vocabulary
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Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala. Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic. Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary. Early Buddhism . Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince, 6th century BCE

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Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary

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Buddha

Nirvana

Karma

Urna

Ushnisha

Mandala

Stupa

Aniconic Chaityas

Torana

Mandala

Stupa

Aniconic

Early Buddhist ArtVocabulary


Early Buddhism

  • Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince, 6th century BCE

  • Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain

  • Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth

  • End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana


The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE


Diagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE


Torana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Boh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Yakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Seated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2nd-3rd century CE

  • Urna-spot on head, curl of hair

  • Ushnisha-lump on top of head

  • Buddha first depicted in human form in the 1st century BC in India and Pakistan

  • Similarity to Roman Gods


Buddhism in China-1st century CE

  • 220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynasties

  • Buddhism comes to China via the “Silk Road” from India

  • Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince

  • Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain

  • Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth

  • End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana


Sakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CE

  • Resembles prototype of the Pakistani Buddha

  • Misrepresentation of meditation gesture


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