Early buddhist art vocabulary
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Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala. Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic. Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary. Early Buddhism . Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince, 6th century BCE

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Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary

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Early buddhist art vocabulary

Buddha

Nirvana

Karma

Urna

Ushnisha

Mandala

Stupa

Aniconic Chaityas

Torana

Mandala

Stupa

Aniconic

Early Buddhist ArtVocabulary


Early buddhism

Early Buddhism

  • Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince, 6th century BCE

  • Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain

  • Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth

  • End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana


The great stupa sanchi india 3 rd century bce

The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE


Diagram of the great stupa sanchi india 3 rd century bce

Diagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCE


Torana the great stupa sanchi india 10 30 ce

Torana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Boh tree detail of the east torana great stupa sanchi india 10 30 ce

Boh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Yakshi the great stupa sanchi india 10 30 ce

Yakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE


Seated buddha gandhara pakistan 2 nd 3 rd century ce

Seated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2nd-3rd century CE

  • Urna-spot on head, curl of hair

  • Ushnisha-lump on top of head

  • Buddha first depicted in human form in the 1st century BC in India and Pakistan

  • Similarity to Roman Gods


Buddhism in china 1 st century ce

Buddhism in China-1st century CE

  • 220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynasties

  • Buddhism comes to China via the “Silk Road” from India

  • Buddha-the “Enlightened One” Indian prince

  • Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain

  • Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth

  • End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana


Sakyamuni buddha china zhau dynasty 338 ce

Sakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CE

  • Resembles prototype of the Pakistani Buddha

  • Misrepresentation of meditation gesture


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