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Regulating Selenium in Discharges - Kenneth PolitanDivision of Mining & Rec...


In the Beginning

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Regulating Selenium in Discharges

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Regulating selenium in discharges l.jpg

Regulating Selenium in Discharges

Kenneth Politan

Division of Mining & Reclamation


In the beginning l.jpg

In the Beginning….

  • West Virginia promulgated selenium water quality criteria in 1965.

  • Bragg v. Robertson, Civ. No. 2:98-0636.

  • Settlement – Programmatic EIS.

  • Technical studies – water quality monitoring.


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Reaction

  • NPDES reissuance applications

  • Streams placed on 303(d) list

  • Selenium TMDL completed

  • Notice of intent to sue (NOI)

  • Civil action filed


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Selenium Water Quality Criteria in West Virginia

  • 1965 – Total Se 10 ug/l all uses

  • 1986 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

    Selenite 35 ug/l aquatic life

  • 1990 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

    Total Se 5 ug/l aquatic life

  • 1996 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

    Total Se 20 ug/l acute

    Total Se 5 ug/l chronic


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Selenium – General Issues

  • Selenium NPDES permits.

    • 123 permits have selenium limits.

    • 33 permits have selenium limits in effect.

    • 90 permits issued compliance orders.

  • Approved methods.

  • Reporting in proper units.

  • Reasonable potential (RP).


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Regulating Selenium in Permits

  • Reasonable potential.

  • Coal seams in the Upper Kanawha formation.

  • Streams with completed selenium TMDL.

  • Streams on the 303(d) list for selenium.

  • Reissuance Table 2-IV-C analyses.


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Regulating Selenium in Permits

New and expanded

  • Limits effective upon discharge.

  • Surface mines - material handling plan.

    Reissuance

  • Surface mines may be modified to include material handling plan.

  • Compliance schedule with interim requirements.


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Selenium Compliance Orders

Interim requirements

  • Meeting with regional staff.

  • Surface mines - material handling plan.

  • Treatment plan.

  • Commence construction.

    Final requirements

  • Complete construction - meet limits.