Conflict in Northern Ireland. Road to Peace. 1200 1690 17thC 1800 1846 1921 1949. Conquered and colonised by England Battle of Boyne – William of Orange (Protestant) defeated King James II (Catholic) in N Ireland
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Road to Peace
Conquered and colonised by England
Battle of Boyne – William of Orange (Protestant) defeated King James II (Catholic) in N Ireland
Many Protestants were brought into Northern parts of Ireland. Local farmers were pushed out.
Ireland became part of UK
Potato Famine – 1 mil people out of 8 mil died
Ireland divided into 2 – Northern Ireland (Protestant majority) & Irish Free State (Catholic majority)
Irish Free State became Republic of IrelandBackground
Civil Rights Movement
British Army units sent in to keep peace
IRA fought for Irish Cause
Bloody Sunday – led to direct rule from LondonBackground
On 30th January 1972, 13 Catholics were killed when soldiers of a British paratroop regiment opened fire during a civil rights march in Londonderry. The day became known as Bloody Sunday. Its impact led to a resurgence of violent opposition to the British presence in Northern Ireland. Although the details of what took place that day remain controversial, many of the basic facts are not disputed.
Riots break out in Belfast each time a hunger striker dies. As the Thatcher government dug in its heels and refused to accede to the prisoners' demands, a Dungannon priest, Fr Denis Faul, sought to end the hunger strike by persuading the prisoners' families to intervene. On 28 July as Kevin Lynch approached the 69th day of his fast, Fr Faul met some of the prisoners' families. He told them he believed Thatcher would not make any further concessions and that nothing could be gained by more deaths.Impact of the hunger strikes?
poverty, unemployment – easy target for recruitment
Northern Ireland with at least 75,000
members, some of them in the
Republic of Ireland
led to some of those involved to swear
a new oath to uphold the Protestant
faith and be loyal to the King and his
heirs, giving birth to the Orange Order.
Inability to keep their traditional way of life, instead forced to adopt a different set of customs and traditions.
Anger unfair laws - languages/education policies that did not consider their interests (real or perceived)
Fight for control of power by different racial or religious groups
Disagreement over how country should be ruled – management of resources - job opportunities, economic resources
decrease in investments.
Health facilities might also not be upgraded in view of the drop in revenue.
qUlster will remain part of the UK, governed by a Protestant majority.
->The Catholics and the Nationalists who want to be joined to Eire will not accept that.
qUlster will become part of a United Ireland, so the Protestants will be minority in the new nation.
->Protestants who want to keep their links with Britain will not accept that.
qUlster should become a small, independent state with no links to any other country.
->It would be difficult to persuade people on both sides of the argument to agree to that.
Whatever it is, the solution has to be acceptable to both sides, until then, the killings and bombings will continue.