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The ART of Paraphrasing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The ART of Paraphrasing. 3 Ways to Incorporate Sources. Summarize. Paraphrase. Quote. What is a Paraphrase ?. A sentence-by sentence restatement of the MEANING of a passage. You PARAPHRASE all the time. When you read this:.

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The ART of Paraphrasing

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3 Ways to Incorporate Sources

  • Summarize

  • Paraphrase

  • Quote

What is a Paraphrase ?

A sentence-by sentence restatement of the MEANING of a passage.

You PARAPHRASE all the time

When you read this:

The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is F = ma. Acceleration and force are vectors (as indicated by their symbols being displayed in slant bold font); in this law the direction of the force vector is the same as the direction of the acceleration vector

You “think” this:

If I push on something, it will move in the direction I push it. If I push twice as hard, it will move twice as fast.

How to Paraphrase

1. Read the passage carefully

2. Determine the MEANING of the passage

3. Re-write it in your own words!

How to Paraphrase

  • DO:

  • maintain key terms

  • use the thesaurus to look up synonyms

  • maintain original order


How NOT to Paraphrase

  • DO NOT:

  • translate word for word

  • use the same sentence structure

  • leave anything out



When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes

I all alone beweep my outcast state,

And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries

And look upon myself and curse my fate,

Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,

Featured like him, like him with friends possessed

Desiring this man’s art and that man’s hope

With what I most enjoy contented least . . .

William Shakespeare

Sonnet 29

When the accumulation of wealth is no longer of high social importance, there will be great changes in the code of morals. We shall be able to rid ourselves of many of the pseudo-moral principles which have hag-ridden us for two hundred years, by which we have exalted some of the most distasteful of human qualities into the position of highest virtue.

John Maynard Keynes

Title IX Law

Why paraphrase it?

Credit the source?

Try it!

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