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POMI EMISSION INVENTORY. 1. Checked the procedure followed for the preparation of the emission inventory base case. UNECE/EMEP. NAZIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY. REGIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (INEMAR). Areal + Linear. Point sources. Area + linear + point. PROXY DB. Point. Areal. Linear.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

UNECE/EMEP

NAZIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY

REGIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (INEMAR)

Areal

+ Linear

Point sources

Area

+ linear

+ point

PROXY DB

Point

Areal

Linear

without coordinate

Urban road  Italia

+ EMEP su griglia  nazioni confinanti

Highway +

Extraurban road

EMISSIONI

GRIGLIATE

RDBMS

Land use +

Profiles IMPRESAREO

INPUT FOR MODELERS

2 intercomparison within pomi national emission inventory regions providing the complete inemar
2. Intercomparison within POMI/national emission inventory (regions providing the complete INEMAR)
slide12

3.1 Residential wood combustion?

?

Activity data

Emission factors

  • C.A.T.I. (Computer
  • AidedTelephone
  • Interview) for 18.085 families

Temporal profile

slide14

Traditional

fireplace

Traditional

stove

Close

fireplace

Innovative

stove

BAT

Traditional

fireplace

Traditional

stove

BAT

Close

fireplace

Innovative

stove

3.1 Residential wood combustion?

?

Activity data

Emission factors

Temporal profile

PM

PM

NOx

VOC

INEMAR

GUIDEBOOK

IIASA

slide16

3.1 Residential wood combustion?

Activity data

Emission factors

?

Temporal profile

fuel consumption for areal traffic

3.2 Road transport?

Fuel consumption for areal traffic

Fuel sold

Linear traffic

Fuel consumption factors

Copert IV (E.F.)

Fuel used

Copert IV (E.F.)

Linear traffic emissions

Urban traffic emissions

slide18

3.2 Road transport?

Emission considering or not the gradient of the street for different vehicle load

still ongoing
Still ongoing…
  • Applied a different methodology for estimating emission from road transport sectors (ARTEMIS/HBEFA)
  • Considering the so-called go-trough traffic
  • Analisi di incertezza aggiornata sui fattori di emissione COPERT IV
slide23

Base Case

Isoprene emissions

2005cle

2005cle_nobiog

slide24

Base Case

Isoprene emissions

  • BVOC – Po valley domain
  • Italian emission inventory: 200 kton/y
  • MEGAN estimate: 700 kton/y

All

Biogenic

Anthrop

slide27

2012 CLE

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT

slide28

RAINS/GAINS

  • RAINS-Europe Model is Regional Air Pollution Information and Simulation, developed by IIASA, which has been officially used for the negotiations in the context of both the Gothenburg protocol and the 2001/81/EC Directive (NEC Directive).
slide29

RAINS – IT

Regional level

HARMONISATION

MARKAL (MARKET

ALLOCATION) is model of

optimization of the energy

system

ENERGY

Based on national statistics,

projections of economic activity

and non-energy macro-economic

factors such as GDP

Industry

It takes into account the existing

legislation

Control strategy

CLE SCENARIO

slide30

2012 CLE

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

  • Energy
  • Productive Activities
  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario

emission scenario 2012 cle current legislation

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Emission scenario - 2012 CLE (Current LEgislation)
  • 4 kinds of source emissions:
  • Diffused emission
  • SNAP02 – Non industrial combustion plants
  • Road Transport
  • Point sources
emission scenario 2012 cle current legislation1

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Emission scenario - 2012 CLE (Current LEgislation)
  • 4 kinds of source emissions:
  • Diffused emission
  • SNAP02 – Non industrial combustion plants
  • Road Transport
  • Point sources

Interpolation of RAINS DATA 2005-2010-2015

PAE – regional energy plan

Technological scenario and fuels consumption scenario

Provided by ARPA Lombardia

slide34

2012 CLE

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

Base case

  • PAE –regional energy plan
  • Road transport trends
  • Rains for diffused emission
  • Energy
  • Productive Activities
  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario

CLE Scenario

slide37

2012 (CLE & AQP)

REGIONAL INPUT or PLAN

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

Base case

  • Energy
  • Productive Activities
  • Control strategies
  • PAE –regional energy plan
  • Road transport trends
  • Rains for area emission

CLE Scenario

CLE Scenario

Air quality measures

Air quality measures

AQP

AQP

slide38

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

a. TRANSPORT

TECHNOLOGICAL

FUEL

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

POLLUTION CHARGE

slide39

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

b. ENERGY

EFFICIENCY

RENEWABLE

slide40

2015/2020 (CLE & AQP)

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

  • Energy
  • Productive Activities
  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario

Air quality measures

AQP

as soon as possible
As soon as possible….
  • 2012 AQP
  • 2015 CLE
  • 2015 AQP
  • 2020 CLE
  • 2020 AQP
  • 2012 CLE (Lombardy background) ?
  • 2012 CLE (Po traff & Inemar 2007) ?
  • MFR will be realized for RIAT. It will be used for POMI too in order to guarantee the consistency POMI/RIAT (availability of their data)
slide44

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012
slide45

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012
  • Definition of the vehicle mileage for each euro category in 2012
slide46

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012
  • Definition of the vehicle mileage for each euro category in 2012
  • Definition of an average emission factor for the LDV sector, weighted using mileage and vehicle number - CLE scenario
slide47

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles replaced by EURO V)

FE2012AQP

slide48

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles converted to EURO V)
  • Estimation of the contribution of the pre EURO 3 vehicle to the total LDV transport emission

FE2012CLE

FE2012AQP

ELDV,<EURO3

slide49

2012 AQP – Lombardy region

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario
  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles converted to EURO V)
  • Estimation of the contribution of the pre EURO 3 vehicle to the total LDV transport emission
  • Calculation of emission variation

FE2012CLE

FE2012AQP

ELDV,<EURO3

ELDV, AQP = ELDV,<EURO3 *FE2012AQP/FE2012CLE

slide51

2012 CLE – Po Valley

RAINS CLE

2005-2010-2015

SO2, NOx, PM10, PM2.5,

COV, NH3

Emission inventory 2005

for all the regions of the Po

Valley

(last version – july 2008)

macrosectors

Linear interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE

slide52

2012 CLE – Po Valley

RAINS

SNAP NOMENCLAURE

2012/2005

Interpolation

2012 aqp po valley
2012 AQP – PO valley

RAINS

AQP

2005-2010-2015

SNAP NOMENCLAURE

DAQP: 2010AQP-2010CLE

2012AQP: 2012CLE + DAQP

open issue to discuss
OPEN issue…to discuss
  • Emission inventory:
  • 2008 INEMAR for all the regions of the Po Valley
  • Different traffic emission model (ARTEMIS vs COPERT)
  • Transport model for the entire Po Valley
diffused emissions

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Diffused emissions

RAINS CLE

(2005-2010-2015)

SO2, NOx, PM10, COV, NH3

INEMAR 2005

classification

Data interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE

area emissions

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Area emissions

RAINS CLE

(2005-2010-2015)

SO2, NOx, PM10, COV, NH3

INEMAR 2005

classification

Data interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE

non industrial combustion plants

CNG GAS OIL FUEL OIL GPL BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL

HEATING

AGRICOLTURE

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Non industrial combustion plants

INEMAR 2005

PAE – regional plan for energy policy

Emission

Factors

E2012 I,C,S = E2005I,C,S * FCAC *FCFES

slide58

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Non industrial combustion plants

road transport

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Road Transport

E = S FEi * NVi * Pi

Technology scenario

Fuel consumption scenario

Euro 0

Euro 10?

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