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POMI EMISSION INVENTORY. 1. Checked the procedure followed for the preparation of the emission inventory base case. UNECE/EMEP. NAZIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY. REGIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (INEMAR). Areal + Linear. Point sources. Area + linear + point. PROXY DB. Point. Areal. Linear.

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POMI EMISSION

INVENTORY



UNECE/EMEP the emission inventory base case

NAZIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY

REGIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (INEMAR)

Areal

+ Linear

Point sources

Area

+ linear

+ point

PROXY DB

Point

Areal

Linear

without coordinate

Urban road  Italia

+ EMEP su griglia  nazioni confinanti

Highway +

Extraurban road

EMISSIONI

GRIGLIATE

RDBMS

Land use +

Profiles IMPRESAREO

INPUT FOR MODELERS





2 intercomparison within pomi national emission inventory regions providing the complete inemar
2. Intercomparison within POMI/national emission inventory (regions providing the complete INEMAR)






3.1 Residential wood combustion? - NOx

?

Activity data

Emission factors

  • C.A.T.I. (Computer

  • AidedTelephone

  • Interview) for 18.085 families

Temporal profile



Traditional - NOx

fireplace

Traditional

stove

Close

fireplace

Innovative

stove

BAT

Traditional

fireplace

Traditional

stove

BAT

Close

fireplace

Innovative

stove

3.1 Residential wood combustion?

?

Activity data

Emission factors

Temporal profile

PM

PM

NOx

VOC

INEMAR

GUIDEBOOK

IIASA



3.1 Residential wood combustion? - NOx

Activity data

Emission factors

?

Temporal profile


Fuel consumption for areal traffic

3.2 Road transport? - NOx

Fuel consumption for areal traffic

Fuel sold

Linear traffic

Fuel consumption factors

Copert IV (E.F.)

Fuel used

Copert IV (E.F.)

Linear traffic emissions

Urban traffic emissions


3.2 Road transport? - NOx

Emission considering or not the gradient of the street for different vehicle load


Still ongoing
Still ongoing… - NOx

  • Applied a different methodology for estimating emission from road transport sectors (ARTEMIS/HBEFA)

  • Considering the so-called go-trough traffic

  • Analisi di incertezza aggiornata sui fattori di emissione COPERT IV





Base Case - NOx

Isoprene emissions

2005cle

2005cle_nobiog


Base Case - NOx

Isoprene emissions

  • BVOC – Po valley domain

  • Italian emission inventory: 200 kton/y

  • MEGAN estimate: 700 kton/y

All

Biogenic

Anthrop



2012 CLE - NOx

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT


RAINS/GAINS - NOx

  • RAINS-Europe Model is Regional Air Pollution Information and Simulation, developed by IIASA, which has been officially used for the negotiations in the context of both the Gothenburg protocol and the 2001/81/EC Directive (NEC Directive).


RAINS – IT - NOx

Regional level

HARMONISATION

MARKAL (MARKET

ALLOCATION) is model of

optimization of the energy

system

ENERGY

Based on national statistics,

projections of economic activity

and non-energy macro-economic

factors such as GDP

Industry

It takes into account the existing

legislation

Control strategy

CLE SCENARIO


2012 CLE - NOx

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

  • Energy

  • Productive Activities

  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario


Emission scenario 2012 cle current legislation

2012 CLE – Lombardy region - NOx

Emission scenario - 2012 CLE (Current LEgislation)

  • 4 kinds of source emissions:

  • Diffused emission

  • SNAP02 – Non industrial combustion plants

  • Road Transport

  • Point sources


Emission scenario 2012 cle current legislation1

2012 CLE – Lombardy region - NOx

Emission scenario - 2012 CLE (Current LEgislation)

  • 4 kinds of source emissions:

  • Diffused emission

  • SNAP02 – Non industrial combustion plants

  • Road Transport

  • Point sources

Interpolation of RAINS DATA 2005-2010-2015

PAE – regional energy plan

Technological scenario and fuels consumption scenario

Provided by ARPA Lombardia



2012 CLE - NOx

REGIONAL INPUT

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

Base case

  • PAE –regional energy plan

  • Road transport trends

  • Rains for diffused emission

  • Energy

  • Productive Activities

  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario

CLE Scenario



CHIMERE - NOx – EMEP – CAMx – RCG -- AURORA


2012 (CLE & AQP) - NOx

REGIONAL INPUT or PLAN

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

Base case

  • Energy

  • Productive Activities

  • Control strategies

  • PAE –regional energy plan

  • Road transport trends

  • Rains for area emission

CLE Scenario

CLE Scenario

Air quality measures

Air quality measures

AQP

AQP


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

a. TRANSPORT

TECHNOLOGICAL

FUEL

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

POLLUTION CHARGE


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

b. ENERGY

EFFICIENCY

RENEWABLE


2015/2020 (CLE & AQP) - NOx

RAINS - IT

Harmonization

  • Energy

  • Productive Activities

  • Control strategies

CLE Scenario

Air quality measures

AQP


As soon as possible
As soon as possible…. - NOx

  • 2012 AQP

  • 2015 CLE

  • 2015 AQP

  • 2020 CLE

  • 2020 AQP

  • 2012 CLE (Lombardy background) ?

  • 2012 CLE (Po traff & Inemar 2007) ?

  • MFR will be realized for RIAT. It will be used for POMI too in order to guarantee the consistency POMI/RIAT (availability of their data)



2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

a. TRANSPORT


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012

  • Definition of the vehicle mileage for each euro category in 2012


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Definition of the fleet composition for the year 2012

  • Definition of the vehicle mileage for each euro category in 2012

  • Definition of an average emission factor for the LDV sector, weighted using mileage and vehicle number - CLE scenario


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

FE2012CLE

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles replaced by EURO V)

FE2012AQP


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles converted to EURO V)

  • Estimation of the contribution of the pre EURO 3 vehicle to the total LDV transport emission

FE2012CLE

FE2012AQP

ELDV,<EURO3


2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - CLE scenario

  • Estimation of an average emission factors for the LDV sector in 2012 - AQP scenario (all pre EURO 3 vehicles converted to EURO V)

  • Estimation of the contribution of the pre EURO 3 vehicle to the total LDV transport emission

  • Calculation of emission variation

FE2012CLE

FE2012AQP

ELDV,<EURO3

ELDV, AQP = ELDV,<EURO3 *FE2012AQP/FE2012CLE


Preliminary results

2012 AQP – Lombardy region - NOx

Preliminary results


2012 CLE – Po Valley - NOx

RAINS CLE

2005-2010-2015

SO2, NOx, PM10, PM2.5,

COV, NH3

Emission inventory 2005

for all the regions of the Po

Valley

(last version – july 2008)

macrosectors

Linear interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE


2012 CLE – Po Valley - NOx

RAINS

SNAP NOMENCLAURE

2012/2005

Interpolation


2012 aqp po valley
2012 AQP – PO valley - NOx

RAINS

AQP

2005-2010-2015

SNAP NOMENCLAURE

DAQP: 2010AQP-2010CLE

2012AQP: 2012CLE + DAQP


Open issue to discuss
OPEN issue…to discuss - NOx

  • Emission inventory:

  • 2008 INEMAR for all the regions of the Po Valley

  • Different traffic emission model (ARTEMIS vs COPERT)

  • Transport model for the entire Po Valley


Diffused emissions

2012 CLE – Lombardy region - NOx

Diffused emissions

RAINS CLE

(2005-2010-2015)

SO2, NOx, PM10, COV, NH3

INEMAR 2005

classification

Data interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE


Area emissions

2012 CLE – Lombardy region - NOx

Area emissions

RAINS CLE

(2005-2010-2015)

SO2, NOx, PM10, COV, NH3

INEMAR 2005

classification

Data interpolation

INEMAR 2012 CLE


Non industrial combustion plants

CNG GAS OIL FUEL OIL GPL BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL

HEATING

AGRICOLTURE

2012 CLE – Lombardy region

Non industrial combustion plants

INEMAR 2005

PAE – regional plan for energy policy

Emission

Factors

E2012 I,C,S = E2005I,C,S * FCAC *FCFES


2012 CLE – Lombardy region BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL

Non industrial combustion plants


Road transport

2012 CLE – Lombardy region BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL

Road Transport

E = S FEi * NVi * Pi

Technology scenario

Fuel consumption scenario

Euro 0

Euro 10?


Road transport1

2012 CLE – Lombardy region BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL

Road Transport

INEMAR

COPERT 4


2012 CLE – Lombardy region BIOMASS CNG OILFUEL


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