Research in organizational behavior
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Research in Organizational Behavior. I. Purposes of Research -systematic gathering of info -enhances our predictive ability II. Research Concepts A. Variable B. Hypothesis: tentative explanation of the relationship between two or more variables. Research in OB.

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Research in Organizational Behavior

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Research in organizational behavior

Research in Organizational Behavior

  • I. Purposes of Research

  • -systematic gathering of info

  • -enhances our predictive ability

  • II. Research Concepts

  • A. Variable

  • B. Hypothesis: tentative explanation of the relationship between two or more variables


Research in ob

Research in OB

  • C. Dependent variable: what the researcher wants to explain

    -most popular include absenteeism, turnover, job satisfaction

    D. Independent variable: the presumed cause of change in the DV

    -popular ones include personality, job satisfaction, motivation

    -Placement of variable as IV or DV depends on its placement in the hypothesis


Research in ob1

Research in OB

  • E. Moderating variable: contingency. If x, then y but only under condition z.

  • F. Causality: presumed direction of cause and effect.

  • -impossible to prove causality in behavioral research

  • G. Correlation: the strength of the relationship

  • -ranges from -1.0 to +1.0


Research in ob2

Research in OB

  • A high value in correlation does not imply causality

  • H. Theory: set of hypotheses designed to explain some behavior

  • II. Evaluating Research

  • A. Validity: is it measuring what it claims to be measuring?

  • B. Reliability: consistency of measurement

  • C. Generalizability


Research in ob3

Research in OB

  • III. Research Design

  • IMPORTANT: Know operations, strengths and weaknesses of each

  • A. Case Study Approach

  • B. Field Survey

  • C. Laboratory Experiment

  • D. Field Experiment

  • E. Meta-analysis: review of many studies over many years

  • -


Research in ob4

Research in OB

  • IV. Ethics in Research

  • -Do ethical controls damage scientific validity?

  • -Is it okay to deceive the subjects? When?

  • -Do participants have rights?


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