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Digitální učební materiál. AUSTRALIA. Australia is the smallest and the youngest continent. Australia has six states New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia and two major territories Australian Capital Territor y and

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Digitální učební materiál

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Digit ln u ebn materi l

Digitální učební materiál


Australia

AUSTRALIA

  • Australia is the smallest and the youngest continent.

  • Australia has six states

  • New South Wales, Queensland,

  • South Australia, Tasmania,

  • Victoria and Western Australia

  • and two major territories

  • Australian Capital Territory and

  • Northern Territory.

Obr. 1.


Australia1

AUSTRALIA

  • Capital city: Canberra

  • Cities: Perth, Melbourne, Sydney, Newcastle

  • Area: 7 747 400 km²

  • Population: 22 620 600 inhabitants

  • Density: 2,75/ km²

Obr. 2.


Political system

Politicalsystem

  • Australiais a constitutional monarchy with a federaldivisionofpowers.

  • Queen Elisabeth II isrepresented by

    The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

  • Governmentisseparatedintothreebranches :

    • Thelegislature: thebicameralParliament

      • House ofRepresentatives

      • Senate

    • The executive: the Federal Executive Council

    • The judiciary: the High Court of Australia


Geography

Geography

  • Australiaissurrounded by Indian and PacificOcean.

  • Thelongestriveris Murray, second longestriverisDarling.

  • Thehighestpeak Mount Kosciuszko(2228 m) is in The Great Dividing Range along the eastern coast.

  • Thelowest point isLakeEyre.

  • There are two deserts:

    the Great Sandy

    andGreat Victoria Deserts

Obr. 3.


Economy

Economy

  • The 12th largest national economy in the world

  • Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)

  • Industry: mining, industrial and transportequipment, food processing, chemicals, steel, cars, aircraft, ship and machinery

  • Export: coal, gold, beef, lamb, wool, wheat, fruit

  • Import: machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment


Interesting places

Interestingplaces

Obr. 4.

Obr. 5.

a)

b)

d)

c)

Obr. 7.

Obr. 6.


Answers

Answers

  • Sydney Opera House

    • situated in Sydney Harbour

    • designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon

    • formally opened on 20 October 1973

Obr. 4.


Answers1

Answers

b) Parliament House

  • is the seatofthe Parliament of Australia

  • located in Canberra, the capital of Australia

  • designed by Mitchell/Giurgola Architects

  • opened on 9 May 1988

    by Elizabeth II

  • the most expensive

    buildingin the world

    at the time of construction

Obr. 5.


Answers2

Answers

c) Ayers Rock (Uluru)

  • is the biggestmonolith in theworldsituated in themiddleofNorthernTerritory

  • has great cultural significance for the Anangu people, the traditional inhabitants of the area

Obr. 6.


Answers3

Answers

d) Great BarrierReef

  • is the world's largest coral reef system

  • composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands

  • located in the Coral Sea on the coast of Queensland

Obr. 7.


Pou it zdroje

Použité zdroje:

  • Australia. In:Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [online]. San Francisco (CA): Wikimedia Foundation, 2001- [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupné z: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia

    Obrazový materiál

  • Obr. 1. - AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Wikipedia.org [online]. [cit.2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí WikimediaCommons na WWW: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_Australia.png

  • Obr. 2. - [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí Public domain na www:

    http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Flag_of_Australia.svg

  • Obr. 3. - TROY, Thomas. [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí WikimediaCommons na www: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Kosciuszko01Oct06.JPG

  • Obr. 4. - FIELD, Matthew. [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí WikimediaCommonsna www: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sydney_opera_house_and_skyline.jpg

  • Obr. 5. - HARRISON, J.J. [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí WikimediaCommons na www: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Parliament_House_Canberra_NS.jpg

  • Obr. 6. - [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí Public domain na www:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Uluru_(Helicopter_view)-crop.jpg

  • Obr. 7. – HUDSON, Toby. [cit. 2014-01-05]. Dostupný pod licencí WikimediaCommons na www: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Coral_Outcrop_Flynn_Reef.jpg


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