Discourse, Power, and Ideology. (or, why we think how we do, speak how we do, and act how we do). Discourse, Power and Ideology. These definitions are a particular interpretation of these terms, not set in stone. But … defining these terms allows us to analyse how they function in society.
(or, why we think how we do, speak how we do, and act how we do)
‘Base’ is the economic system; the people who buy labour and own capital and those who sell their labour in capitalist system (relations of production between bourgeoisie and proleteriat); factories, raw materials etc. needed to produce (means of production)
‘Superstructure’ the roof and walls of a house, with the Base at the bottom. Not ‘natural’ but socially-constructed and organised, to protect the base. Institutions such as the media, churches, the police, etc. Ideological structure: conspires to ‘hide’ relations of exploitation between bourgeoisie and proleteriat.
Criticisms of Foucault: : not necessarily economically based, but power was something which men had, and should be taken back from men.