Brief Historical Outline of Key Issues in CATHOLIC SOCIAL TEACHING Donal Dorr. 1891 Pope Leo XIII: Rerum Novarum (The first Major Social Encyclical): SRONG DEFENCE OF (European) WORKERS against Exploitation of poor (industrial) workers by Uncontrolled Capitalism. Right to Strike.
Brief Historical Outline of Key Issues in CATHOLIC SOCIAL TEACHINGDonal Dorr
1891 Pope Leo XIII: Rerum Novarum(The first Major Social Encyclical): SRONG DEFENCE OF (European) WORKERS against Exploitation of poor (industrial) workers by Uncontrolled Capitalism. Right to Strike
But because his fear of Communism, Anarchy and Revolution he gave priority to value of STABILITY over the value of Justice. So “Submit – your reward will be in Heaven”
1931 Pope Pius XI, Quadragesimo Anno: Radical Alternative to Capitalism and Socialism – partly similar to Fascism – Mussolini, Franco, Salazar. Leaning far more to the Right than to the Left
1945-1958: Pope Pius XII: Fear of Communism so settle in practice for “democratic” capitalism; warn against giving undue power to the State. Therefore, hostile to “Welfare State”
So 1961: Mater et Magistra: Radical Change. Welfare State necessary. A Shift to the Left?A move away from the Right
Church gets new enemies, new allies;
“Mater Si, Magistra no!”
“Christians for Socialism”
State should take over Latifundia = unused huge tracts of land
1971: Octogesima adveniens: Economic problems require political solutions
Inductive (bottom up) approach
Subsidiarity: Different areas, need different solutions.
1971: Pope John Paul II: “Redeemer of Humankind”
A Christian Humanism: “The Way to God is through humankind”
1981 “On Human Work”:Dialogue with Marxism e.g. about alienation and about struggle
1987 “Concern” (SRS): Solidarity
1991: on EcologyCentesimus Annus: What was he really saying? Weigel and right-wing USA Catholics interpret the pope as condemning Welfare State and defending capitalism
I see him as asking us to go beyond hand-out welfare to empowering the poor
2005: Pope Benedict XVI: on EcologyDeus Caritas Est: “God is Love”Church’s focus should be mainly on Charity rather than JusticeLeave justice to action of lay people in personal capacity.
Call for Caritas agencies to focus more on welfare than justice.
More power to Vatican Cor Unum than to Caritas Internationalis
2007: on EcologyCaritas in Veritate, “The Truth in Love” : “Economy of Communion” alongside purely commercial business, as model and challenge. Very important.
But continuing serious reservations about Liberation and struggle of the marginalized for justice. Fear of revolution
Vatican II 1965: Outside but ….
John Paul II: 1981-2005: Equal – reinterpret Scripture
But: Nature of Woman, no Ordination
Pope Francis: New approach , but …??
Traditional: Just War
John XXIII: 1963: Human Rights linked to Peace
Vatican II: Condemned use of nuclear WMD; omitted liberation struggles
Paul VI: Development the new Name for Peace
J P II: Condemned Iraq war
2013: Ecology and Peace: Resource war
2013: Peace and Lampedusa
Role of Women