Workstream Leads: Hester Wain, Emma Vaux, Alison Huggett Project Manager: Becky De’Ath. Reducing Needless Harm and Death. One of the most striking cases concerns a patient who suffered no less than three falls within five days.
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Workstream Leads: Hester Wain, Emma Vaux, Alison Huggett
Project Manager: Becky De’Ath
Reducing Needless Harm and Death
“I walked into Ward 10. My mother was lying on grey marley tiled floor, lying full stretch out on the grey marley tiled floor. Some effort had been made to remove all the blood. It was smeared all over the floor. You could not see a hair on her head. It was completely swathed in bandages. And there was a lady doctor holding my mother’s head in her hands like that, and I said: oh Mum, what have they done to you? And I looked at this doctor holding my mother’s head and I said: this is my mother. As cold and as calculated as anything, her retort as fast as anything was: I have got a mother too. There was no compassion in that woman whatsoever.”
Independent Inquiry into care provided by Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust January 2005 – March 2009 Volume I Chaired by Robert Francis QC
The Trust must make its visible first priority the delivery of a high-class standard of care to all its patients by putting their needs first. It should not provide a service in areas where it cannot achieve such a standard.
The Board should institute a programme of improving the arrangements for audit in all clinical departments and make participation in audit processes in accordance with contemporary standards of practice a requirement for all relevant staff. The Board should review audit processes and outcomes on a regular basis.
In view of the uncertainties surrounding the use of comparative mortality statistics in assessing hospital performance and the understanding of the term ‘excess’ deaths, an independent working group should be set up by the Department of Health to examine and report on the methodologies in use. It should make recommendations as to how such mortality statistics should be collected, analysed and published, both to promote public confidence and understanding of the process, and to assist hospitals in using such statistics as a prompt to examine particular areas of patient care.
Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio (HSMR)
Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI)
Observed number of deaths
% Crude mortality (IHI definition)
How does the NHS measure death?
So what should we do?
Does this work?
% Avoidable deaths = Suboptimal care - different care MIGHT have made a difference (possibly avoidable death) + Suboptimal care WOULD REASONABLY BE EXPECTED to have made a difference (probably avoidable death)
Aim: To reduce avoidable deaths by 10% by 2011
A sub-group of the Patient Safety Committee has been set up to review documentation standards and the physical state of the patient notes. This is specifically related to the finding in the Mortality Review in April 2011.
From participating in the PSF we have a full programme of patient safety campaigns across the year which cover all elements of patient safety. This campaign programme has been modified for the forthcoming year to include even more with most months now having two themes.
PSF, SHA and
Saving Lives: Reducing Avoidable Deaths in Hospital Conference (London May-10)
Preventable Incidents, Survival and Mortality Study PRISM Study day (London Sep-10)
Case Note Review: Implementing the Health Select Committee Recommendations Meeting (London Mar-11)
Reducing and Measuring Avoidable Mortality in Hospitals Conference (Manchester Jul-11)
Reducing & Measuring Avoidable Mortality in Hospitals Conference (London May-12)
East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust
Stepping Hill Hospital (Stockport)
Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust
Yeovil District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Mid Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust
Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust
PSF Workstream Leads: Emma Vaux, Alison Huggett
Becky De’Ath (PSF Workstream Project Manager)
Patient Safety Federation participating trusts: Basingstoke and North Hampshire Foundation Trust, Berkshire East PCT, Berkshire West PCT, Buckinghamshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hampshire Community Health Care, Heatherwood and Wexham Park Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Isle of Wight NHS, Milton Keynes Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre NHS trust, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxfordshire PCT, Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, South Central Ambulance Trust, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Winchester and Eastleigh Healthcare NHS Trust, Solent Healthcare, Buckinghamshire PCT.
CESDI (Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in Infancy) Grade 0 No Suboptimal careGrade 1 Suboptimal care, but different management would have made no difference to the outcome
Grade 2 Suboptimal care - different care MIGHT have made a difference (possibly avoidable death)Grade 3 Suboptimal care – different care WOULD REASONABLY BE EXPECTED to have made a difference (probably avoidable death)
Reference: Perinantal Institute Revised Reducing Perinatal Mortality
Confidential Case Review Protocol (2006)