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Peace Parks and global politics. Dr Rosaleen Duffy Centre for International Politics Manchester University. Peace parks and globalisation. Changes in the global system in 21 st Century International co-operation for transnational environmental problems

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Peace parks and global politics
Peace Parks and global politics

Dr Rosaleen Duffy

Centre for International Politics

Manchester University


Peace parks and globalisation
Peace parks and globalisation

  • Changes in the global system in 21st Century

  • International co-operation for transnational environmental problems

  • Key backing from a network of international actors


Global governance
Global governance

  • Commission on Global Governance 1995

  • Shift away from state centric system

  • Sum of rules and regulations

  • Liberal project

  • There are examples of global governance in the environment eg Peace Parks


Do peace parks work
Do Peace Parks work?

  • Scientific rationale provides a technical and politically neutral justification

  • But they are highly political interventions eg land registration

    for buffer zones


Rationale
rationale

  • Neoliberal rationale through appeals to making conservation and community development pay its way through tourism development

  • Highly problematic


Partnerships
Partnerships?

  • Local communities identified as participants, partners and stakeholders

  • Such depoliticised

    language may mask

    important power dynamics


Global networks
Global networks

  • Local communities expected to negotiate with networks of external actors

  • Can mean that communities are then ‘partners’ in a top down and market oriented approach – does that fit with their interests?


Conflict resolution
Conflict resolution?

  • Peace parks justified in terms of environmental co-operation as a pathway to wider conflict resolution

  • But Peace Parks can produce new forms of conflict over access to and control over natural resources (violent and non violent)


Illicit networks
Illicit networks

  • Borderlands are often already used by illicit networks: drugs, cars, human trafficking, trade in endangered species

  • An analysis of the importance of these interest groups is often lacking


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • They are not neutral, technical and scientific interventions

  • Peace Parks are inherently political interventions and there is a need to recognise the complex networks of actors involved and the power relations among them if they are to succeed.


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