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The Industrial Revolution. French Economic Disadvantages. Years of war Supported the American Revolution. French Revolution. Early 19c  Napoleonic Wars Heavy debts. High unemployment  soldiers returning from the battlefronts. French businessmen were afraid to take risks. Why Did

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The

Industrial

Revolution

slide2

French Economic Disadvantages

  • Years of war
    • Supported the AmericanRevolution.
    • French Revolution.
    • Early 19c  Napoleonic Wars
  • Heavy debts.
  • High unemployment  soldiersreturning from the battlefronts.
  • French businessmen were afraid to take risks.
slide3

Why Did

Industrialization

Begin in

England First?

slide4

Industrial England:

"Workshop

of the World"

That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte

slide8

Early Canals

Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure

slide9

Mine & Forge [1840-1880]

  • More powerful than water is coal.
  • More powerful than wood is iron.
  • Innovations make steel feasible.
slide13

Child Labor in the Mines

Child “hurriers”

slide16

Factory Production

  • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor].
  • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets].
  • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor.
  • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.
slide18

The Factory System

  • Rigid schedule.
  • 12-14 hour day.
  • Dangerous conditions.
  • Mind-numbing monotony.
slide21

New Inventions

of the

Industrial Revolution

slide32

Crystal Palace Exhibition: 1851

Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.

slide36

The "Haves":

Bourgeois Life

Thrived on the

Luxuries of the

Industrial Revolution

slide41

The "Have-Nots":

The Poor,

The Over-Worked,

& the Destitute

slide44

Problems of Polution

The Silent Highwayman - 1858

slide50

The Luddites: 1811-1816

Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].

Ned Ludd [a mythical figure supposed to live in Sherwood Forest]

slide53

Peterloo Massacre, 1819

BritishSoldiers Fire on BritishWorkers:Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!

slide55

The “Peoples’ Charter”

  • Drafted in 1838 by William Lovett.
  • Radical campaign for Parliamentary reform of the inequalities created by the Reform Bill of 1832.
  • Votes for all men.
  • Equal electoral districts.
  • Abolition of the requirement that Members of Parliament [MPs] be property owners.
  • Payment for Members of Parliament.
  • Annual general elections.
  • The secret ballot.
slide56

The Chartists

A female Chartist

A physical force—Chartists arming for the fight.

slide57

New Ways

of

Thinking

slide58

Thomas Malthus

  • Population growth willoutpace the food supply.
  • War, disease, or faminecould control population.
  • The poor should have less children.
  • Food supply will then keep up with population.
slide59

The Utilitarians:Jeremy Bentham & John Stuart Mill

  • The goal of society is the greatest good for the greatest number.
  • There is a role to play for government intervention to provide some social safetynet.
slide60

The Socialists:Utopians & Marxists

  • People as a society would operate and own themeans of production, not individuals.
  • Their goal was a society that benefited everyone, not just a rich, well-connected few.
  • Tried to build perfect communities [utopias].
slide61

Br. Govt. Response

to the Dislocation

Created by

Industrialization

slide62

Government Response

  • Abolition of slavery in the coloniesin 1832 [to raise wages in Britain].
  • Sadler Commissionto look intoworking conditions
    • Factory Act[1833] – child labor.
  • New Poor Law [1834] – indoor relief.
    • Poor houses.
  • Reform Bill[1832] – broadens thevote for the cities.
slide64

The Results of

Industrialization

at the end of the 19c

slide65

By 1850: Zones of Industrializationon the European Continent

  • Northeast France.
  • Belgium.
  • The Netherlands.
  • Western German states.
  • Northern Italy
  • East Germany  Saxony
slide69

Bibliographic Sources

  • “Images of the Industrial Revolution.”Mt. Holyoke College. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/images/images-ind-era.html
  • “The Peel Web: A Web of English History.”http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/mbloy/c-eight/primary.htm
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