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Ideas for Growth Jonathan Leape Executive Director, International Growth Centre Associate Professor of Economics, London School of Economics. www.theigc.org. An unprecedented opportunity to bring research into policy to promote growth. Economics has changed

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Ideas for GrowthJonathan LeapeExecutive Director, International Growth CentreAssociate Professor of Economics, London School of Economics

www.theigc.org

an unprecedented opportunity to bring research into policy to promote growth

An unprecedented opportunity to bring research into policy to promote growth

Economics has changed

- A ‘credibility revolution’ (and an explosion of data)

- Renewed interest in growth and development issues

Policy-making has changed

- Democratization and policy innovation

- Rise of evidence-informed decision-making

Emergence of new approaches

- International Growth Centre: Co-generation of knowledge through collaboration

- State effectiveness, Firm capabilities, Cities and Energy

performance p ay for tax collectors can boost revenues evidence from pakistan

Performance pay for tax collectors can boost revenues: Evidence from Pakistan

Effects displayed as percent increase in total recovery in 4th quarter of each fiscal year

Stars indicate significance levels. * p <0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01

Ben Olken (MIT), AsimKhwaja (HKS), Adnan Khan (IGC)

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Democratic accountability works to improve the efficiency of public spending: Evidence from road building in Kenya

Robin Burgess (LSE & IGC), RemiJedwab (GWU), Edward Miguel (Berkeley), AmeetMorjaria (World Bank), Gerard Padro I Miquel (LSE)

management matters in the public sector evidence from the nigeria

Management matters in the public sector:Evidence from the Nigeria

‘Open initiative’ (2006) to track effectiveness of government expenditures

Researchers linked measures of management practice to project outcomes

Imran Rasul (UCL), Daniel Rogger (UCL)

management matters in the private sector too evidence on management and productivity

Management matters in the private sector, too: Evidence on management and productivity

Productivity varies strongly across and within firms

Developing countries have a ‘rump’ of low productivity firms

Quality of management practices are a decisive determinant of firm productivity

Distribution of management scores across countries Bloom (Stanford), Van Reenan (LSE)

Manufacturing productivity within and across factories

Chris Woodruff (Warwick), Rocco Macchiavello (Warwick)

the missing middle and low productivity traps home grown is not the answer

The ‘missing middle’ and low productivity traps: ‘Home grown’ is not the answer

  • ‘Home grown’ industries such as beer, cement, sugar, may be stuck in low productivity traps because they sell into ‘safe’ local markets
  • Large manufacturing firms may not start as small firms

Connecting to international supply chains is a key route to industrialisation

Origins of Ethiopia’s leading companies

Sutton (LSE)

the failure of the green revolution in africa is a market problem not a technological one

The failure of the Green Revolution in Africa is a market problem, not a technological one

Role of poor information, imperfect insurance, credit constraints

Laboratory tests results (nitrogen content from 50 samples of UREA from retailers in Eastern Uganda)

JakobSvensson (Stockholm),

David Yanagizawa-Drott (Harvard)

energy the demand side matters

Energy: The demand side matters!

Demand management

- Industry

- Households

1.5 billion people are without electricity (2.5bn rely on solid fuel)

Access to reliable energy is crucial to household and firm productivity and therefore to growth

Circular cycle of debt, generated by consumers

Robin Burgess (LSE), Michael Greenstone (MIT), Rema Hanna (KSG), Nicholas Ryan (Harvard)

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