Past tense and future tense
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Past tense and Future tense. In order to indicate the past tense in Potawatomi we add gi behind the pronoun and before the verb. N gi zhya I went G gi zhya ne? Did you go? N gi maji- I left. G gi wawijgemen - We read. Gi n é byegek- They wrote. Gi binchege o nene. He cleaned.

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Past tense and Future tense

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Past tense and future tense

Past tenseandFuture tense


In order to indicate the past tense in potawatomi we add gi behind the pronoun and before the verb

In order to indicate the past tense in Potawatomi we add gi behind the pronoun and before the verb.

  • Ngi zhya

  • I went

  • Ggi zhya ne?

  • Did you go?

  • Ngi maji-

  • I left.

  • Ggiwawijgemen-

  • We read.

  • Gi nébyegek-

  • They wrote.

  • Gi binchege o nene.

  • He cleaned.


Past tense and future tense

In order to indicate the future tense in Potawatomi we add wi behind the pronoun and before the verb. Also wi can be used to indicate a desired action. He wanted to clean.

  • Nwi zhya

  • I will go.

  • Gwi zhya ne?

  • Are you going to go?

  • Nwi maji-

  • I will leave.

  • Gwiwawijgemen-

  • We are going to read.

  • Wi nébyegek-

  • They will write.

  • Wi binchege o nene.

  • He will clean.


In the conjunct form we use ga for the past and wa for the future

In the conjunct form we use ga for the past and wa for the future.

  • Ni je pi wa je majiwat?

  • When are they leaving?

  • Ni je wi ga je majit?

  • Why did he leave?

  • Ni je pi wa wawijgeyen?

  • When are you going to read?

  • Ni jet so bmadzejek ga giwsewat?

  • How many people went hunting?

  • This form will be covered more extensively in a later section.


Past tense and future tense

  • Ggimajimen nago.

  • We left yesterday.

  • Wabek nwi maji.

  • I am leaving tomorrow.

  • Ggizhyam ne nago?

  • Did you all go yesterday?

  • Gwi bodwe ne ibe?

  • Are you going to build a fire over there?


Wawijge he she reads

Wawijge- he/she reads

  • Ngiwawijge- I did read

  • Ggiwawijge - you did read

  • Giwawijge-he/she did read

  • Ngiwawijgemen-We(-u) did read

  • Ggiwawijgemen- We all did read

  • Ggiwawijgem-You all did read

  • Gi wawijgek-They did read


Mbwachewe he she visits

Mbwachewe- he/she visits

  • Ngi mbwachewe-I did visit.

  • Ggi mbwachewe-You did visit

  • Gi mbwachewe-He/she did visit

  • Ngi mbwachewemen-We(-u) did visit

  • Ggi mbwachewemen-We all did visit

  • Ggi mbwachewem-You all did visit

  • Gi mbwachewek-They did visit


Gwedemojge he she fishes

Gwedemojge- he/she fishes

  • Nwi gwedemojge-I will fish.

  • Gwi gwedemojge-You will fish

  • Wi gwedemojge-he/she will fish

  • Nwi gwedemojgemen-we (-u) will fish

  • Gwi gwedemojgemen-We all will fish

  • Gwi gwedemojgem-You all will fish.

  • Wi gwedemojgek-They will fish.


Mikchewi he she works

Mikchewi- he/she works

  • Nwi mikchewi-I will work

  • Gwi mikchewi-You will work

  • Wi mikchewi-He/she will work

  • Nwimikchewimen-we(-u) will work

  • Gwimikchewimen-We all will work

  • Gwimikchewim-You all will work

  • Wi Mikchewik-They will work


Remember

Remember

  • Gi is the past tense marker

  • Wi is the future tense marker.

  • Continue to use the verbs you have been given from previous lessons to run through the patterns. The more you do this the easier it will be to remember. It will start to become second nature after awhile.


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