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Modalities of Collaboration. Working Together Globally. Fionna Douglas June 2002. Changing Contexts Strategic Alliances for Impact Existing Collaboration Opportunities. CGIAR’s unique niche. Strategic alliance for the poor Ensuring that knowledge remains in public domain

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modalities of collaboration
Modalities of Collaboration

Working Together Globally

Fionna Douglas

June 2002

cgiar s unique niche
CGIAR’s unique niche
  • Strategic alliance for the poor
  • Ensuring that knowledge remains in public domain
  • Agricultural research lies at the heart of concerns for growth, equity, social issues and the environment
cgiar partnership
CGIAR Partnership
  • Global alliance
    • Members: 22 developing and 21 industrialized countries
    • Cosponsors: FAO, IFAD, UNDP, World Bank
    • Membership poised to grow
  • 8,500 scientists and staff in more than 100 countries
  • $340 million budget
quality protein maize qpm
Quality Protein Maize (QPM)
  • Has twice the amount of lysine, tryptophan – essential amino acids
  • World Food Prize 2000
  • QPM planted on one million hectares, in 20 countries, boosting food, nutrition, health and income security
  • In Ghana, record yields of 7 tons/ha achieved
integrated aquaculture agriculture iaa
Integrated Aquaculture/Agriculture (IAA)
  • Aquaculture accounts for 30% of fish food production
    • New Tilapia grows 60% faster, can be harvested 3 times a year
  • In Malawi, IAA farms produce 1.3-1.6 tons of fish/ha (avg. < 1 ton/ha)
changing contexts1
Changing contexts
  • Massive scientific change and exchange
    • New partners, newer alliances needed
    • Pace of change increasing
  • Spiraling private sector investment
    • Public sector remains dominant (60%)
  • Intellectual property rights, environmental and social issues top development agenda
  • Rapid changes in operating environment (strength of NGOs, strong NARS)
growth rates public investments in agricultural research 1991 96
Growth rates, public investments in agricultural research, 1991-96

6

5

4

3

Percentage per year

2

1

0

-

1

Developed

Sub

-

Other

Latin

Mid

-

East

China

Developing

Saharan

and North

Countries

Asia

America

countries

Africa

Africa

Source: Pardey and Bientema, IFPRI, 2001

public private spending on agricultural r d circa 1995
Public-private spending on agricultural R&D, circa 1995

Expenditures

Shares

Public

Private

Total

Public

Private

Total

(

billion

1993 international dollars

)

(

percent

)

Developing countries

11.5

0.7

12.1

94.5

5.5

100

Developed countries

10.2

10.8

21.0

48.5

51.5

100

Total

21.7

11.5

33.2

65.3

34.7

100

Source: Pardey and Bientema, IFPRI, 2001

emerging issues
Emerging issues
  • Knowledge divide
  • Under-provision of public goods
  • Social, environmental, ethical issues
  • Competition for funds
  • Potential of new information communication technologies
rationale for cgiar reform
Rationale for CGIAR Reform
  • Strengthening science and forging new alliances
  • Increasing impact and relevance of CGIAR research
  • Nimbler decision-making
  • Designing new mechanisms to attract funds for innovative, effective research
cgiar reforms and isc four pillars
CGIAR Reforms and iSC:Four Pillars
  • Challenge Programs
  • Executive Council
  • Science Council
  • System Office
the cgiar system

The CGIAR

Chair

Cosponsor Representatives

Investor Representatives

CGIAR Director

CGIAR Executive Council

The CGIAR System

COSPONSORS

FAO, IFAD, UNDP, WB

INVESTORS

Countries

International Organizations

Regional Organizations

Foundations

ADVISORY

COMMITTEES

Science Council

GRPC

PARTNERSHIP

COMMITTEES

NGOC

PSC

CENTER

COMMITTEES

CBC

CDC

CGIAR

Secretariat

CGIAR System

Office

PARTNERS

Civil Society Private Sector National Agricultural Research Institutes Advanced Research Institutes

Future Harvest

Foundation

Science

Council

Secretariat

Center

Services

Centers

CIFOR CIAT CIP CIMMYT ICARDA ICLARM ICRAF ICRISAT IFPRI IITA ILRI IPGRI IRRI ISNAR IWMI WARDA

CGIAR Secretariat, January 2002

challenge programs
Challenge Programs
  • Time bound, high impact, independently governed program of research
  • Targets CGIAR goals in relation to complex issues of global or regional significance
  • Requires partnerships among a range of institutions in order to deliver
  • Will generate significant outputs and impact
  • Open to all stakeholders
challenge programs1
Challenge Programs

Pilot

  • 3 CPs – Genetic Resources, Biofortified Crops, and Water & Food – to advance to full proposal development stage
  • Full proposals to be ready for iSC review by July 15, 2002
  • Process on website (www.cgiar.org)
regular challenge programs
Regular Challenge Programs
  • 13 themes identified
  • Call for pre proposals on themes
  • An open competitive process - not restricted to those who submitted original ideas
  • No funds available for preparation - but possible for full proposal development
  • Deadline August 31
existing collaboration1
Existing Collaboration
  • Joint Advocacy
  • Expertise contracted for analysis
  • Contribution to strategy development
  • Winning of competitive grants funded by World Bank
  • Bank loans and grants used by countries to contract CGIAR
  • CGIAR contribution to capacity building complements national strategies
opportunities1
Opportunities
  • More complete inventory and analysis
  • Build on success
  • Mainstream collaboration
  • Achieve more visible congruence of objectives
  • Ensure input at entry
  • Strengthen Knowledge Management
  • Strengthen linkages - increase knowledge & resource exchange
opportunities2
Opportunities
  • CG Centers as hubs
  • Joint projects / design / evaluation
  • Increase linkage with operations
  • Rapid response
  • Private sector partnerships
  • Extend the partnerships anchored in the common good
  • Better bridge the world of high science, the traditional wisdom of farmers, and the needs and concerns of society
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