Intellectual Freedom. LIB 311 March 29, 2011. Intellectual Freedom.
March 29, 2011
“The right of every individual to both seek and receive information from all points of view without restriction. It provides for free access to all expressions of ideas through which any and all sides of a question, cause or movement may be explored.”
Source: ALA office of Intellectual Freedom http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/basics/intellectual.cfm
The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services.
I. Books and other library resources should be provided for the interest, information, and enlightenment of all people of the community the library serves. Materials should not be excluded because of the origin, background, or views of those contributing to their creation.
II. Libraries should provide materials and information presenting all points of view on current and historical issues. Materials should not be proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval.
III. Libraries should challenge censorship in the fulfillment of their responsibility to provide information and enlightenment.
VI.Libraries which make exhibit spaces and meeting rooms available to the public they serve should make such facilities available on an equitable basis, regardless of the beliefs or affiliations of individuals or groups requesting their use.
Adopted June 18, 1948, by the ALA Council; amended February 2, 1961; amended June 28, 1967; amended January 23, 1980; inclusion of “age” reaffirmed January 24, 1996.
Material is most frequently challenged on the grounds that it is sexually explicit, violent, contains offensive language, makes references to homosexuality, is offensive to a religious group, and/or is unsuited to a particular age group.
Top 10 Challenged Books of 2009
1. TTYL; TTFN; L8R, G8R(series), by Lauren MyracleReasons: Offensive language, sexually explicit, and unsuited to age group
2. And Tango Makes Three, by Justin Richardson and Peter ParnellReasons: Anti-ethnic, anti-family, homosexuality, religious viewpoint, and unsuited to age group
3. The Perks of Being A Wallflower, by Stephen ChboskyReasons: Anti-family, drugs, homosexuality, offensive language, religious viewpoint, sexually explicit, suicide, unsuited to age group4. To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee Reasons: Offensive language, racism, unsuited to age group 5. Twilight (series) by Stephenie Meyer Reasons: Religious viewpoint, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group 6. Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger Reasons: Offensive language, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group 7. My Sister’s Keeper, by Jodi PicoultReasons: Homosexuality, offensive language, religious viewpoint, sexism, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group, violence8. The Earth, My Butt, and Other Big, Round Things, by Carolyn MacklerReasons: Ofensive language, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group 9. The Color Purple, by Alice Walker Reasons: Offensive language, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group10. The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier Reasons: Nudity, offensive language, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group ______________________________________________________________________________________________
Source: ALA’s Frequently Challenged Books
Adventures of Huckleberry Finnby Mark Twain
Methamphetamine : its history, pharmacology, and treatment
Database:NMSU Library System
Main Author:Weisheit, Ralph A.
Title:Methamphetamine : its history, pharmacology, and treatment / Ralph Weisheit and William L. White.
Publisher:Center City, Minn. : Hazelden, 2009.Description:x, 285 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Notes:Includes bibliographical references and index.
Does methamphetamine matter? -- Listening to meth : the lessons of history -- Physiological effects of meth -- Social effects of meth -- Cooking meth -- Methamphetamine in rural communities -- Treatment and recovery support resources for methamphetamine dependence.
Database:NMSU Library System
Call Number:HV5801 .W383 2009 Copy 1
Number of Items:1Status:c.1 Charged - Due on 05-03-2011
The Uniting and Strengthening of America by Providing the Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001
It amended more than 15 different statutes including those involving business, financial, and educational records, computer trespassers, wiretapping, money laundering and immigration.
The PATRIOT Act does not specifically mention libraries but it increases the authority to law enforcement in terms of searches and seizures.
Law enforcement has access to “any tangible thing” no matter who holds them. In libraries this can include:
Law enforcement doesn’t need to provide probable cause, only that the records relate to an ongoing terrorist investigation.
NPR story- Freedom of Information Isn’t Just for Journalists
Government agencies’ response to the events of September 11th: