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Discourse Analysis of “ Keep Smiling” P60 No26 ---By Group 13. Discourse Analysis Outline Cohesion (lexical& grammatical) Coherence Context Culture Critique Activity. Lexical cohesion: Repetition Synonym Antonym Hyponym Collocation Grammatical cohesion: Reference

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Presentation Transcript

Discourse Analysis of

“Keep Smiling”

P60 No26

---By Group 13


Discourse Analysis Outline

  • Cohesion

  • (lexical& grammatical)

    Coherence

    Context

  • Culture

  • Critique

  • Activity


Cohesion

Lexical cohesion:

Repetition

Synonym

Antonym

Hyponym

Collocation

Grammatical cohesion:

Reference

Conjunction

Substitution

Cohesion


Lexical cohesion: Repetition

A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young manwho helped to make me comfortable by moving his bag to make more room for me. As he did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we had settled into our seats and were chatting together about ourselves (in English). He said he worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, and added that living in a foreign country had made him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses and arranged to meet again. It felt as if we were old friends --- just because a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.


Lexical cohesion: Synonym

A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young man who helped to make me comfortable by moving his bag to make more room for me. As he did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we had settled into our seats and were chattingtogether about ourselves (in English). Hesaidhe worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, and addedthat living in a foreign country had made him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses and arranged to meet again. It felt as if we were old friends --- just because a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.


Lexical cohesion: Antonym

  • A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young man who helped to make me comfortable by moving his bag to make more room for me. As he did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we ad settled into our seats and were chatting together about ourselves (in English). He said he worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, and added that living in a foreign country had made him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses and arranged to meet again. It felt as if we were old friends--- just because a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.



Lexical cohesion:Collocation

A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young man who helped to make me comfortable by moving his bag to make moreroom for me. As he did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we had settled into our seats and were chatting together about ourselves (in English). He said he worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, and added that living in a foreign country had make him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses and arranged to meet again. I felt as if we were old friends—just because a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.


Grammatical cohesion:

Conjunctions & Substitution &Reference

A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young man who helped to make mecomfortable by moving his bag to make more room for me.Ashe did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we had settled into our seats andwere chatting together about ourselves (in English). He said he worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, andadded that living in a foreign country had make him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses andarranged to meet again. I felt as ifwe were old friends—justbecause a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.


Coherence

1. Inductive method

Describe his experiences in a train journey

Conclusion – keep smiling and be nice to people.


Chronological order

1.actions consequences,

2. time sequences

Keep Smiling

A few days ago I made a train journey in the south of India. Sitting next to me was a young man who helped to make me comfortable by moving his bag to make more room for me.As he did so, he was smiling. The next thing I knew we had settled into our seats and were chatting together about ourselves (in English). He said he worked in Europe, in a science laboratory, and added that living in a foreign country had make him change his body language and his facial expressions. By the time I reached my destination we had exchanged email addresses and arranged to meet again. I felt as if we were old friends—just because a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger on a crowded train.


Coherence

Macro-structure

Keep smiling

Micro-structure

Detail One

Moving his bag to make more room for me

Detail Three

Exchanging emails

Detail Two

Chatting together


Context

narrative storey Wh -s

When: A few days ago

Where: In India

Who: “I” as a traveler; an Indian

What: I become friends with a stranger

Why: a young man had chosen to smile to a stranger


Culture

Cultural contrast:

Indians ranks the bottom (124)when it comes to showing their emotions

“I” ,as an Indian was convinced by a nice young man that smile is a powerful tool to make friends

Intention: to illustrate the significance smiling

Culture


Critique
Critique

  • Different culture sometimes interpret the meaning of smile differently

  • Eg.


Activity
Activity

  • Adapt the text into a dialogue and role play it. ( Invite students to play out smiley and non-smiley young man using the same dialogue as a contrast and enjoy the comic effect).

    2. Chain story

    (cohesion & coherence)


Thank you for

your attention!


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