Controlled substances act
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Controlled Substances Act. Drugs and Crime. A drug is a natural or synthetic substance designed to affect the subject psychologically or physiologically. “ Controlled substances ” are drugs that are restricted by law.

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Controlled Substances Act

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Controlled substances act

Controlled Substances Act


Controlled substances act

Drugs and Crime

A drug is a natural or synthetic substance designed to affect the subject psychologically or physiologically.

“Controlled substances” are drugs that are restricted by law.

The Controlled Substances Act is a law that was enacted in 1970; it lists illegal drugs, their categories, and penalties for possession, sale, or use.


Controlled substances act

Controlled Substances Act

Schedule I—high potential for abuse; no currently accepted medical use in the U.S.; a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision

Examples: heroin (diacetylmorphine), LSD, marijuana, ecstasy (MDMA)

Schedule II—high potential for abuse; a currently

accepted medical use with severe restrictions; abuse

may lead to severe psychological or physical

dependence

Examples: cocaine, morphine, amphetamines (including

methamphetamines), PCP, Ritalin


Controlled substances act

Controlled Substances Act, continued

Schedule III—lower potential for abuse than the drugs in I or II; a currently accepted medical use in the U.S.; abuse may lead to moderate physical dependence or high psychological dependence

Examples: intermediate-acting barbiturates, anabolic steroids, ketamine

Schedule IV—low potential for abuse relative to drugs in III; a

currently accepted medical use in the U.S.; abuse may lead to

limited physical or psychological dependence relative to drugs

in III

Examples: stimulants and depressants including Valium, Xanax,

Librium, phenobarbital, Darvon


Controlled substances act

Controlled Substances Act, continued

Schedule V—low potential for abuse relative to drugs in IV; currently accepted medical use in the U.S.; abuse may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence relative to drugs in IV

Examples: codeine found in low doses in cough medicines


Controlled substances act

Illegal or Illicit?

An illegal drug is a drug that is against the law to have, use, or distribute.

An illicit drug is a legal drug used in an inappropriate or illegal way.


Controlled substances act

Human Components Used for Drug Analysis

Blood

Urine

Hair

Gastric contents

Bile

Liver tissue

Brain tissue

Kidney tissue

Spleen tissue

Vitreous humor of the eye


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